Darjeeling District Profile-For WBCS (Exe.) Etc. Exam Personality Test-Interview Preparation
(pronunciation: dɑ:rʤi:lɪŋ) is the northernmost district of the state of West Bengal in eastern India in the foothills of the Himalayas. The district is famous for its hill stations (often referred to as the Queen of the Hills) and Darjeeling tea. Darjeelingis the district headquarters.Continue reading Darjeeling District Profile-For WBCS (Exe.) Etc. Exam Personality Test-Interview Preparation.Continue Reading Darjeeling District Profile-For WBCS (Exe.) Etc. Exam Personality Test-Interview Preparation.
Kurseong, Siliguri and Mirik, three other major towns in the district, are the subdivisional headquarters of the district. Kalimpong was one of the subdivisions but on 14 February 2017, it officially became a separate Kalimpong district.
Geographically, the district can be divided into two broad divisions: the hills and the plains. The entire hilly region of the district comes under the Gorkhaland Territorial Administration, a semi-autonomous administrative body under the state government of West Bengal. This body covers the three hill subdivisions of Darjeeling, Kurseong and Mirik and the district of Kalimpong. Darjeeling district has a length from north to south of 18 miles (29 km) and a breadth from east to west of 16 miles (26 km). As of 2011, it was the second least populous district of West Bengal (out of 19), after Dakshin Dinajpur.
Heavy monsoon precipitation contributes to the landslides. Soils of Darjeeling hill areas are extremely varied, depending on elevation, degree of slope, vegetative cover and geolithology.
The Himalayas serve as the source of natural resources for the population residing in the hills as well as in the plains. The growing changes coming in the wake of urbanisation and industrialisation leave deep impressions on the hill ecosystem.
The economy of Darjeeling hill area depends on tea production, horticulture, agriculture, forestry and tourism. About 30 percent of the forest covers found in the lower hills are deciduous. Evergreen forest constitutes only about 6 percent of the total forest coverage. Shorea robusta remains the most prominent species of tropical moist deciduous forest along with heavy undergrowth.
Teesta, Rangeet, Mechi, Balason, Mahananda and Rammam are the important rivers of the district.
Nepali is the official language in Darjeeling, Kurseong and Mirik subdivisions of the district of Darjeeling (but not the rest of the district). The major languages spoken in Darjeeling district are Nepali (which is spoken by more than 80% of the population in Darjeeling, Kurseong and Mirik subdivisions).Bengali and Hindi are predominant in Terai region or Plain Siliguri subdivision with Nepali being spoken in some areas. Other languages spoken are Bantawa, Bijori,Bodo, Chamling, Dzongkha, Gurung, Kamta, Khaling, Kisan, Lepcha, Lhomi, Limbu, Sherpa, Sikkimese and Tamang.Nepali is the predominant language in the hill areas of the Darjeeling district, whereas Bengali along with Hindi is predominant in the southern plain areas (Terai).
Flora and fauna
Darjeeling district is home to Singalila National Park, which was set up in 1986 as a wildlife sanctuary and converted to a national park in 1992. It has an area of 78.60 km2 (30.3 sq mi).
Darjeeling district has three wildlife sanctuaries: Jorepokhri, Mahananda, and Senchal.
According to the 2011 census Darjeeling district has a population of 1,846,823roughly equal to the nation of Kosovo.This gives it a ranking of 257th in India (out of a total of 640).The district has a population density of 586 inhabitants per square kilometre .Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 14.77%. Darjeeling has a sex ratio of 970 females for every 1000 males,and a literacy rate of 79.56%.
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