Tips For W.B.C.S. Preliminary Exam By Abhirup Bhattacharjee WBCS 2017 Gr A Topper Rank 6

Tips For W.B.C.S. Preliminary Exam By Abhirup Bhattacharjee WBCS 2017 Gr A Topper Rank 6
Tips For W.B.C.S. Preliminary Exam By Abhirup Bhattacharjee WBCS 2017 Gr A Topper Rank 6

Tips For W.B.C.S. Preliminary Exam By Abhirup Bhattacharjee WBCS 2017 Gr A Topper Rank 6

DETAILED   STRATEGY

“  When you  want something , all the universe conspires in helping you  to  achieve  it.”

                                                                                – Paulo  Coelho

 

WBCSis  not  just an exam but  it is a dream ! To achieve  this dream I have  followed  the three Ds   –  Dedication    Discipline   Determination.

So many people fail to crack the  civil service exam ( State PSC/UPSC ) not because they do not have the ability but because they do not have the HEART to go through adversity.  When you are in darkness you wait and sit for light to come from some where,  BUT   you cannot simply wait ,  the only way out is to step forward and face your fear  and  BECOME YOUR  OWN LIGHT !

Turn every  OBSTACLE into OPPORTUNITY !  Remember success don’t teach us anything , it is our failures that removes the rust with in us, turns us from IRON  to GOLD!

 WBCS PRELIMS  2019   DISCUSSION[  TOPIC WISE  ]

ENGLISH 

You  will  get around  25 objective  questions  in English !  Here  your  knowledge of  usage of English  is tested  through  phrasal verbs  ,  prepositions ,  expression and idioms !  To ace this section you must be prepared to tackle questions on phrasal verbs  like:-

There was no _____ in the rain.  (Insert correct phrasal verb)

(A) let up        (B) let in        (C) let off       (D) let go

Correct  usage  of  English  is  also  tested  through questions like:-

Insert the appropriate Prepositions in the sentence :

He has a preference ______ tea ______ coffee

  1. a) over, for
  2. b) for, to
  3. c) for, over
  4. d) to, over

Sound Knowledge  of“Idioms”  is  an absolute  must if you want to ace this section. Questions like  (given below ) are very common!

  • “A bolt from the blue” means

(A) sudden disaster       (B) in trouble       (C) blessing from above       (D) to remain neutral

  • We didn’t really want that particular hotel, but it was a case of Hobson’s Choice.

(A) state of dilemma      (B) taking what is available or nothing at all      (C)  teacher’s choice      (D) economical

  • ‘At daggers drawn’ means

(A) Friendly         (B) On bad terms with         (C) Acquainted        (D) Unknown

———————————————————————————————————————ARITHMETIC   &   REASONING

One  of  the  MOST  SCORING  section.  If  you want  to  clear  prelims  you  must  score  FULL MARKS  in this section !  For quantitative   as well as reasoning  REGULAR  PRACTICE  from   R. S  Aggarwal  will  work  wonder !   The  key  to  ace  this section  is  PRACTISING   keeping  in  mind  SPECIAL  NUMERICAL  TYPES .   Pay  extreme  attention  to  SHORT CUTS involved.  Let  me  explain  with  few  examples :-

Example1)

What is the ratio of the perimeter of the shaded region to the circumference of the circle

(A) 3/4(B) 4+π/4π       (C) 2π/4+π       (D) 4+π/2π

Example 2)

Point out the letter which represents Indians and Historians but not politicians on the basis of these three circles ?

(A) b       (B) f        (C) b and f        (D) b and g

Example 3)

Six persons are seated around a hexagonal table. Arup is seated opposite Bela, who is between Chirag and Derek. Arup is between Ela and Farook. Ela is to the left of Derek. Which of the following pairs is facing each other ?

(A) Ela and Farook      (B) Derek and Ela       (C) Chirag and Ela       (D) Chirag and Derek

HISTORY

THE  MOST  IMPORTANT  SECTION  FOR  PRELIMS

With  a full weightage of  50  marksdevoted  no word is euphonious  enough to denote  its importance.  If you want  to  CLEAR  PRELIMINARY  EXAMINATION you  must  ensure ( as I did )  to score  maximum in this section !

The  following tips  will be helpful:-

  • Stress on the factual part of Indian History
  • Special stress on chronology of events with dates
  • Important books  , authors  , plays   like Mudrarakshasha , Kalhana’sRajtarangini.
  • Important edicts ;  inscriptions ; Historian’s  observation
  • For Ancient  – medieval  History   JibonMukhopadhyay’s  book combined  with  PratiyogitaDarpan’s  special edition of HISTORY
  • For Modern + INM Spectrum’s book  will  be extremely  helpful

 

Illustration with  Questions

Q1)  Leader of Lucknow during the revolt of 1857 was

(A) Bahadur Shah      (B) Liyaqat Ali       (C) Nana Sahib       (D) Begum HajratMahal

Q2) Who among the following gave a systematic critique of the moderate politics of Indian National Congress in a series of articles entitled “New Lamps for Old” ?

(A) AurobindoGhosh        (B) R. C. Dutt        (C) Syed Ahmad Khan        (D) None of the above

  1. The author of ‘Kadambari’ was

(A) Kshemendra         (B) Kalhana         (C) Bhababhuti         (D) Banabhatta

  1. The Mauryan ruler who used the name ‘Piyadasi’ in his official declarations was

(A) Bimbisara        (B) Ashoka        (C) Chandragupta Maurya        (D) Brihaddrata

  1. The Chinese traveller Hiuen Tsang came to India during the reign of

(A) Samudragupta       (B) Ashoka        (C) Harsavardhan         (D) Kulotunga I

  1. The Delhi Sultan who transferred the capital from Delhi to Daulatabad (Devagiri) was

(A) QutbuddingAibak       (B) Iltutmish        (C) Muhammad-bin-Tughalaq       (D) Firoz Shah Tughlaq

  1. Which historian is famous for his research on Mughal History ?

(A) SumitSarkar        (B) JadunathSarkar        (C) Sushobhan Chandra Sarkar       (D) S. Gopal

  1. Which Mughal emperor wrote his own autobiog­raphy ?

(A) Babur         (B) Akbar         (C) Shah Jahan        (D) Aurangzeb

  1. ‘Sulh-i-Kul’ was a policy introduced by

(A) Akbar        (B) Aurangzeb       (C) Jahandar Shah      (D) Mohammad Shah

  1. RanaPratap belonged to the Rajput dynasty of

(A) Kachwa        (B) Sisodiya         (C) Solanki        (D) Paramara

  1. ‘Razmnama’ was a Persian translation of

(A) Upanishad         (B) Ramayana        (C) Geeta        (D) Mahabharata

  1. The author of ‘Ain-i-Akbari’ was

(A) Badayuni        (B) AbulFazl        (C) Shaikh Mubarak       (D) Faizi

  1. The Sikh Guru executed by the Mughal emperor Aurangzeb was

(A) TeghBahadur        (B) Nanak       (C) Govind Sing        (D) ArjunDev

  1. The Satnami rebellion took place during the regin of Mughal emperor

(A) Akbar       (B) Jahangir       (C) Shah Jahan       (D) Aurangzeb

  1. The title ‘Raja’ was conferred on Ram Mohun Roy by the Mughal emperor

(A) Jahandar Shah        (B) Mohammad Shah        (C) Akbar II       (D) Bahadur Shah Zafar

 

GEOGRAPHY

For  Indian  as well as West Bengal , a thorough knowledge  of this section through  maps is very important !  While  learning  focus on important  listed below :-

  • Important peaks , passes  of  India
  • Important rivers  of India  –  which are  antecedent   , consequent  , superimposed
  • Important lakes,  lagoon  , special  land forms  creeks  , straits
  • All  Biosphere  reserves,  National parks ,  (River flowing through national parks )   …  only  floating NP 
  • All wildlife  sanctuaries  with  special  characteristics  &  Fauna  and Flora
  • Major Ports,  Riverine ,  Artificial , Deep sea Harbour
  • Major Cropping Pattern , –  Classifications  Kharif/Rabi/Zaid
  • Climate  Patterns &classification  –  Koppenetc
  • West Bengal   Geography   in detail  and  District wise  study  of  Physiography  ,  Climatic  & 

 

Illustration  through  Questions

Pollavaram Project is associated with the river

(A) Cauvery        (B) Penner         (C) Krishna         (D) Godavari

  1. Which, one of the following is not an administra­tive division of West Bengal ?

(A) Jalpaiguri         (B) Malda         (C) Kolkata         (D) Bardhaman

  1. In West Bengal ‘Rarh’ is a physiographic region, part of which can be found in the district of

(A) Coochbehar         (B) Nadia         (C) PaschimMedinipur        (D) South 24 Parganas

  1. Drought is occasionally experienced in the pla­teau region of West Bengal because of

(A) Lateritic soil       (B) Extremely low rainfall       (C) Excessive evapo-transpiration      (D) Inefficient water management

  1. Which one of the following is not mined in the delta region of West Bengal ?

(A) Natural gas        (B) Clay         (C) Sand         (D) Groundwater

  1. ‘Toto’ is a primitive tribal community found in the state of

(A) Arunachal Pradesh        (B) Odisha         (C) West Bengal        (D) Tamil Nadu

  1. What was the primary objective of construction of the Farakka Barrage?

(A) Flood control in the lower Bengal

(B) Augmentation of water supply in the Hugli river

(C) Generation of electricity for West Bengal

(D) Inland water transport in Bihar

  1. Which district of West Bengal has achieved the highest level of Human Development Index in the state ?

(A) Kolkata        (B) PurbaMedinipur        (C) Bardhaman       (D) North 24 Parganas

 

SCIENCE

For  WBCS prelims the SCIENCE  section becomes a bête – noire for a large number of students. Specially  graduates   from Non-science background find  this section extremely  lough, but as per the recent trend  even students from science background   is also finding this section  tough !  Though this section had been my  STRENGHT , I would  suggest  aspirants  to  handle this section in a smart and calculative way.  Rather  than trying  to REMEMBER  EVERYTHING  it would  be  a boon for them if  they  prepare  few  selective topics   For  instance:-

BIOLOGY

  • To ace this section  be thorough with atleast the  NCERTs ( class  IX – XII )
  • Focus on  key  concepts  of  BOTANY  , like  plant hormones, cell –types  xylem , phloem ,  parenchyma ,  C3, C4  cycle , Kranz anatomy
  • Reproduction in plants ,  ovule , seedless fruits , false fruits(Apple )
  • Parthenocarpy , plant  diseases  , pests ,  red rot  disease etc
  • KEY CONCEPTS  OF  ZOOLOGY &  HUMAN BODY  like  red blood cells /RBC/ WBC/ , neurons , sympathetic / para sympathetic etc.
  • Genetics –  Mono hybrid / Di – hybrid  (9 : 3 : 3 : 1)/ Test cross/ Back cross/pleotropyetc
  • Recent Advancements  like  DNA  finger printing  ,  JUMPING GENES, MAGIC BULLET
  • Enzymes related  to  Bio-technology   like  DNA – ligase ,  molecular scissors, restriction endo – nuclease 
  • Molecular Biology &  Biotechnology  is  very important  from exam point of view.
  • Also stages of  cell division  like  LEPTOTENE,  PACHETENE  etc  are important.

Illustrated  Examples  with real questions:-

  1. An example of modified underground stem is

(A) Carrot         (B) Potato        (C) Groundnut         (D) Turnip

 

  1. Crossing over occurs during meiosis at

(A) Leptotene         (B) Anaphase-I        (C) Pachytene        (D) Diakinesis

  1. Which of the following processes makes direct use of oxygen ?

(A) Glycolysis        (B) Fermentation        (C) Citic Acid Cycle       (D) Electron transport

  1. The wellkhown antibiotic penicillin is obtained from this plant group :

(A) Algae         (B) Fungi         (C) Lichen        (D) Angiosperm

  1. The nature of stele in primitive vascular plants was

(A) Protostele         (B) Siphonostele         (C) Dictyostele         (D) Atactostele

  1. What is a bacteriophage ?

(A) A virus

(B) A bacterium growing in artificial nutrient medium

(C) A fungus causing disease

(D) A phagocytic protozoa

  1. “Particulate theory of inheritance” was pro­posed by

(A) Charles Darwin       (B) Gregor Johann Mendel        (C) Herman Muller       (D) T.H.Morgan

  1. Which one of the following animal phylum is latest by discovery ?

(A) Pogonophora         (B) Kinorhyncha        (C) Loricifera        (D) Ctenophora

  1. A mammal that lays eggs :

(A) Talpa        (B) Echidna        (C) Pteropus         (D) Lemur

  1. Barr body is absent in somatic cell of

(A) Klinefelter syndrome individual

(B) Tripple X syndrome individual

(C) Turner syndrome individual

(D) Sub-human mammalian female individual

 

 

 

CHEMISTRY

Chemistry  is  becoming  very  important  these days !  If  you  are  comfortable  then you can attempt  these  questions or else  it is advisable to  leave this section.

However it would be prudent  to  prepare the following:-

  • Basic Gas laws/  Thermodynamics / Entropy , Gibbs Free Energy / Enthalpy (  ∆G  ;   ∆S  ;  ∆ H  )
  • Important concepts  of  Organic chemistry  ( Hybridization / SN1  SN2  reaction )
  • In organic chemistry –  Periodic Table  (  Ionisation / electron affinity )

Illustration with Questions

A reaction is spontaneous when

(A) ΔG = -ve        (B) ΔH = -ve        (C) ΔS = +ve        (D) ΔS = -ve

  1. Geometry of SF4 is

(A) square planar        (B) tetrahedral        (C) octahedral        (D) see-saw

  1. The strongest electropositive element is

(A) Cs       (B) Li        (C) Mg        (D) K

  1. Conversion of CH3C = CH to CH3CH = CH2 needs

(A) Lindlar catalyst         (B) H2Pd         (C) NaBH4         (D) LiAlH4

  1. Conversion of RBr to RMgBr requires

(A) Mgdry etherN2 -atmosphere

(B) Mg/moist etherN2 -atmosphere

(C) Mgethanol/N2 -atmosphere

(D) Mgdry ether/O2–atmosphere

 

 

  1. The fastest SN1 reaction is of the followings :

(A) MeO – CH2-Cl         (B).Me-CH2-Cl

O

II

(C) Me-C-CH2-Cl       (D) Ph-CH2-CH2-Cl

PHYSICS

From  my school ( Don Bosco) days PHYSICS  has  been my most favourite subject! Questions from this section  is relatively  easier  and aspirants  who want to clear prelims  CANNOT  AFFORD  TO MISS THIS SECTION !

Focus  on the  following  sections :-

  • Units & measurements – Basic dimensions
  • Force ; Pressure ,Upthrust , Archimedes principle
  • Application of Surface Tension , Bernoulis Theorem , Viscosity , Heat &  Thermodynamics
  • Light specially   Refraction , Scattering of light , Total internal reflection , Interference , Polarization
  • RADAR , SONAR , sound , Harmonics
  • MODERN PHYSICS α  rays  β rays  ϒrays
  • Radioactivity , Nuclear Fission , Fusion   etc

Illustration with questions:-

The material used for safety from nuclear radiation is

 

(A) Copper        (B) Platinum         (C) Iron        (D) Lead

 

  1. The electric appliances in a house are connected

 

(A) in series        (B) in parallel       (C) either in series or in parallel.      (D) both in series and in parallel.

 

  1. The immersed portion of a piece of pure ice floating in water is

 

(A) 8/9th of its volume.       (B) 9/10th of its volume.       (C) 10/11th of its volume.    (D) 11/12th of its volume.

 

  1. ‘Red’ is used as a danger signal because

 

(A) blood is red.

 

(B) red light is scattered least by the air molecules.

 

(C) redcolour is easily available.

 

(D) redcolour is soothing for eye.

 

  1. A shaving brush is dipped in water. When taken out the hairs of the brush are seen to be drawn together due to

 

(A) surface tension of water.

 

(B) viscosity of water.

 

(C) elasticity of the hairs of the brush.

 

(D) temperature difference between air and water.

 

  1. A body is acted upon by two unequal forces in opposite directions, but not in one line. The effect is that the body will have

 

(A) only rotational motion.

 

(B) only translational motion.

 

(C) neither the rotational nor the translational motion.

 

(D) rotational as well as translational motion.

 

  1. ‘RADAR’ stands for

 

(A) Radio Detection and Ranging

 

(B) Ready Advanced Appliance for Ranging

 

(C) Range Detection Appliance for Airplane Ranging

 

(D) Ready Advanced Airplane Ranging

 

 

SCIENCE  &  TECHNOLOGY  ( TECHNOLOGY  PART )

Focus  on key  concept  like :-

  • WIMAX
  • Web search engines
  • GSM , CDMA  technologies
  • Mobile Technologies 4G  etc
  • IPV4, IPV6 etc
  • Key terms related  to computer science  RAM , SRAM , EPROM
  • Bits , nibble , byte
  • Spam , virus , cookies
  • LCD , LED OLEDetc

 

POLITY  – CONSTITUTION OF INDIA

POLITY  &  CONSTITUTION OF INDIA   has been one of my strongest point.

They  key  to excel  in this section is  to be THOROUGH with  ARTICLES,  AMMENDMENTS   and  their  significance.

 

Important  points  that  aspirants need  to be well versed with:-

  • Historical background –Making  of  our Constitution
  • PREAMBLE – importance  &  significance of KEY  TERMS
  • SCHEDULES & PARTS  OF THE CONSTITUTION
  • IMPORTANT ARTICLES
  • IMPORTANT CASES like Keshavnanda , Golaknath,  etc
  • IMPORTANT AMMENDMENTS like 42nd , 44th , 84th, 91st, 97th ,100, 101stetc

 

The  key  is to relate  between  IMPORTANT ARTICLES,  RELATED  AMMENDMENTS  &  ASSOCIATED  CASES  &  their significance.

 

 

Illustration  with questions

Q1) The Supreme Court held, that forcing a person to undergo polygraph, brain mapping and narco analysis tests, as violative of

(A) Article 25      (B) Article 20      (C) Article 21 and article 20(3)      (D) Article 360

Q2) To pass a Money Bill in the Parliament which of the following is not necessary ?

(A) Approval of the LokSabha

(B) Approval of the Finance Minister

(C) Approval of the RajyaSabha

(D) None of the above

ECONOMICS –  INDIAN ECONOMY 

ECONOMICS  has been my  favourite  subject.  A sound knowledge  of economics  is a sine-qua non  not only from the exam point of view  but also  for the sound understanding of INDIAN ECONOMY.

Though this section is one of the most scoring  section , but often the most neglected.  Most of the students abhor  and detest ECONOMICS  because they conjure tough , theoretical concepts related to economics.

However students fail to realize that WBCS is  not just about  tough theoretical conceptual questions.

A lion’s share of the questions comes from INDIAN  ECONOMY& ROLES , FUNCTIONS of RBI. Hence sound knowledge of  few key concepts will help you to ace this section !

  • “Repo-rate”/”Reverse Repo rate”
  • CRR, SLR etc
  • National Income /GDP , GDP at factor cost
  • Terms & concepts like Broad Money M3,  M2  etc
  • LIBOR ,  Bear,  Bull
  • Functions of RBI
  • Taxes ( Direct / Indirect ) GST
  • RESIDEX, SEZ, AGMARK ,    schemes/ Yojna like  CAPART/TRYSEM, Mid day meal etc
  • Economic Liberalization
  • Planning ( 5 Year plans) its chronology , key terms associated with it
  • Key concepts related to institutions like NABARD, SEBI, IRDA, EXIM  etc

Illustrations  with questions:-

  1. The service sector of India generates more than

(A) 33% of GDP        (B) 40% of GDP        (C) 42 % of GDP        (D) 50% of GDP

  1. In terms of population India ranks second in the world, while in terms of area India ranks

(A) first        (B) second        (C) seventh        (D) eighth

  1. The first railway line of India was operationalised in 1853 between

(A) Howrah and Delhi        (B) Bombay and Thane        (C) Howrah and Bombay       (D) None of the above

  1. The unorganised sector of India is characterised by

(A) more currency transactions      (B) more bank transactions.      (C) more barter transactions.     (D) more foreign exchange transactions.

  1. More than 50% of the working population in India depend on

(A) the primary sector.       (B) the public sector.       (C) the tertiary sector.       (D) the industrial sector.

  1. The largest contributor to the gross domestic savings of India is

(A) the household sector.      (B) the private corporate sector.      (C) the public sector.      (D) the foreign sector.

  1. ‘AGMARK’ is related to

(A) industry        (B) the Indian Railways        (C) agricultural goods        (D) agricultural finance

  1. ‘Economic Reforms’ were introduced in India in

(A) 1989         (B) 1990         (C) 1991        (D) 1992

 

  1. The Special Economic Zones Act was passed by the Indian Parliament in 2005 and the Act came into force in

(A) 2006        (B) 2009        (C) 2014         (D) 2016

  1. In India the Repo rate is announced by

(A) the Ministry of Finance, Government of India

(B) the Prime Minister of India

(C) the Reserve Bank of India

(D) the President of India

  1. In India non-agricultural income tax is

(A) levied by the Centre and fully distributed among the States.

(B) levied by the States.

(C) levied and appropriated by the Centre.

(D) levied by the Centre and shared with the States.

  1. The objective of the Fiscal Responsibility and Budget Management Act, 2004 is

(A) to reduce revenue deficit.

(B) to reduce fiscal deficit.

(C) to ensure that public debt does not exceed 50% of the GDP of the year from 2011.

(D) All of the above

CURRENT  AFFAIRS:-

Sound  knowledge  of  news  related to national and international importance for the last one year  is a must.  Be thorough  with  NEWSPAPERS.   Develop a healthy habit of reading atleast  two  – three newspapers (Bengali+English).

You need to be well-versed with not only  national  but also  important international  happenings related  to  World economy ,  environment , Important Geo-political developments , International – relations, Indian –Diaspora  , Latest inventions , discovery  in the sphere of Bio technology , Science Technology  etc

 

CONCLUDING  NOTES

“There is a higher court than courts of justice and that is the court of conscience. It supersedes all other courts.”

 -Mahatma Gandhi 

Don’t ever give up on yourself!  I  must  admit  that fear and failure are my  friends. They knock me down on my knees and from there my growth starts like  a“phoenix bird  who  rises again from the ashes”.   Like  our  muscles grow , when we strain our muscles in gym  similarly  we as an individual  will also grow when we  strain our selves and endure  tough times !  I repeat  that  examinations like WBCS is not just another exam but  a  process  through which  we  ultimately  learn  , imbibe and acquire  leadership and a plethora of other positive qualities.

The rigors of  this demanding exam enlightens us from within , so that we become  real leaders  and  serve our motherland  with   honesty , integrity , zest and enthusiasm!  During your preparation phase you must  put in all your efforts  and be true to your  conscience.  Take  ownership and LEAD TO VICTORY !

I will end  with abeautiful definition of  life from   Bhagavad  Gita:-

 

What is Life
Life is an Adventure … Dare it
Life is a Beauty … Praise it
Life is a Challenge … Meet it
Life is a Duty … Perform it
Life is a Love … Enjoy it
Life is a Tragedy … Face it
Life is a Struggle … Fight it
Life is a Promise … Fulfill it
Life is a Game … Play it
Life is a Gift … Accept it
Life is a Journey … Complete it
Life is a Mystery … Unfold it
Life is a Goal … Achieve it
Life is an Opportunity … Take it
Life is a Puzzle … Solve it
Life is a Song … Sing it
Life is a Sorrow … Overcome it
Life is a Spirit … Realize it
The Bhagavad Gita

 

 

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