WBCS Exe Etc Exam Main Optional Subject Political Science Syllabus
Paper – I :
Group – A
Western Political Thought – Plato, Aristotle, Machiavelli, Rousseau, Bentham, J. S. Mill, Marx.
Indian Political Thought – Kautilya, Rammohan Roy, Vivekananda, Syed Ahmed Khan, Rabindranath,Gandhi, Ambedkar.Continue Reading WBCS Exe Etc Exam Main Optional Subject Political Science Syllabus.
Political Concepts – State, Civil Society, Government, Governance, Power, Authority, Nation, Nationalism,Internationalism.
Political Ideas – Rights, Duties, Liberty, Equality, Justice, Rule of Law, People Participation.
Political Ideologies – Liberalism, Democratic Socialism, Feminism, Terrorism.
Different aspects of Democracy – Meaning and Theories of Democracy; Direct vs Representative Democracy; Electoral System; Electoral Reforms.
Political Process – Party System, Single Party, Bi Party, and Multi Party Systems; National Parties andRegional Parties; Lobbyists and Pressure Groups.
Forms of Government – Dictatorial vs Democratic; Totalitarian vs Liberal. Presidential vs Parliamentary,Unitary vs Federal.
Social Movements – Environmental movements, Women’s movements, Human rights movements.
Basic features of Indian Constitution – Constituent assembly, Salient Features of the Indian Constitution,Nature of Indian Federation, Centre-State relations, Legislative, Executive and Financial-Fiscal dimensions, Evolving political trends.
Fundamental Rights – Directive Principles & Fundamental duties – Constitutional provisions and judicial interpretations regarding fundamental rights.
Union Legislature – Composition, Powers and Functions of Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha, Functioning of the Committee System.
Union Executive – President, Vice President – Election, Position, Functions, Prime Minister, Council of Ministers, Relationship between President and Prime Minister.
The Judiciary – Supreme Court and the High Courts, Composition and Functions, Judicial review and Judicial activism, Public interest litigations, Judicial reforms.
Government in the States – Governor, Chief Minister and Council of Ministers, Position and Functions. State Legislature – Composition and Functions.
Local Government and Politics – Panchayati Raj: Evaluation, Structure, Powers and Functions, Municipal Government; Significance of 73rd and 74th amendments; Role of women, SCs & STs in Local Government.
Bureaucracy – Classical administration and Development Administration; Changing role of bureaucracy in
Post-Colonial India, “Representative” bureaucracy, Issues of bureaucratic accountability.
Social Processes – Role of Peasants and Workers in Indian Politics; Role of Interest / Pressure Groups; Regionalism, Casteism, Linguism and Communalism in Indian Politics; Issues of Criminalisation, Corruption; Citizens’ movements.
Paper – II :
Public Administration and International Relations
Group – A
Theories of Administration – Scientific Management, Classical Theory, Weber’s theory of bureaucracy, Riggsian Model of Echological Approach to Public Administration.
Forms of Public Organizations – Ministries and Departments; Corporations, Boards and Commissions.
Principles of Organization – (a) Hierachy (b) Unity of Command (c) Span of Control (d) Authority (e) Centralization, Decentralization and Delegation, (f) Line and Staff.
Processes of administration – (a) Decision – making and Policy Formulation (b) Communication and Control (c) Leadership (d) Co-ordination.
Accountability and Control – Legislative, Executive and Judicial Control over administration; Role of Civil Society; Public opinion and Media; Right to Information; Administrative Corruption; Grievance Redressal Machineries like Ombudsman.
Development Administration – Evolution of the Concept; Basic features.
Control of Public Expenditure – Parliamentary Control, Control of Parliamentary Committees;
Indian Administration – Continuity and Charge – brief historical outline.
Recruitment and Training of Civil Servants in India – Role of Union and State Public Service Commissions and Training Institution.
Organization of the Union Government in India – PMO, Cabinet Secretariat, Secretariat Administration.
Organization of the State Governments in India – Chief Secretary – Relationship between Secretariats and Directorates.
District Administration in India – Changing role of District Officers, Sub-divisional Officers & Block Officer; their interfaces with Local Self Government.
Some Basic Concepts of International Relations – (a) Balance of Power (b) Collective Security (c) Bipolarity and Unipolarity (d) Neo-Colonialism (e) Globalization.
Foreign Policy – Concept and Techniques; Determinants of foreign policy.
Evolution of World Politics – League of Nations; United Nations; Cold War; Detente; Collapse of the Soviet Union; Regional Integrations; International Terrorism.
Non-Alignment – Evolution of the Movement and Role of India.
Major Issues in Indian Foreign Policy – Sino-Indian relations, Indo-Pak conflicts and the liberation of Bangladesh, developments in Sri Lanka, Indian role in promoting regional cooperation through
S.A.A.R.C., the Kashmir question and India becoming a nuclear power. India and South East Asia; India’s relations with U.S.A., China, Japan & Russia. India on the question of nuclear weapon. India and the U.N.
system-India’s role in U.N. peace keeping and global disarmament. India and the emerging international economic order.
Recent Global Issues – Egypt, Lebanon and Lybia.
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