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  • Government Of India Scheme Notes – Miscellaneous Schemes – For W.B.C.S. Examination.
    Posted on December 18th, 2019 in General Knowledge
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    Government Of India Scheme Notes – Miscellaneous Schemes – For W.B.C.S. Examination.

    ভারত সরকারের প্রকল্পের নোট – বিবিধ পরিকল্পনা – WBCS পরীক্ষা।

    1. Pravasi Teerth Darshan Yojana
    • Governmentt has launched the Pravasi Teerth Darshan Yojana.Continue Reading Government Of India Scheme Notes – Miscellaneous Schemes – For W.B.C.S. Examination.
    • Under the scheme, a group of Indian diasporas will be taken on a governmentsponsored tour of religious places in India twice a year.
    • The group will be taken to the religious places of all major religions in India.
    • The tour would be completely government sponsored.
    • Under the eligibility criteria, all people of Indian-origin, aged between 45 and 65 can apply and a group will be selected out of them.
    • The first preference will be given to people from ‘Girmitiya countries’ such as Mauritius, Fiji, Suriname, Guyana, Trinidad and Tobago and Jamaica.
    • Who are Girmityas?
    o Girmityas or Jahajis are descendants of indentured Indian labourers
    brought to Fiji, Mauritius, South Africa, East Africa, the Malay Peninsula,
    Caribbean and South America (Trinidad and Tobago, Guyana and
    Suriname) to work on sugarcane plantations for the prosperity of the
    European settlers and save the Fijians from having to work on these
    plantations and thus to preserve their culture.
    o The term Girmitiya was coined by Mahatma Gandhi who referred to
    himself as first Girmitiya.
    o The countries where these indentured Indian labourers settled are
    known as Girmitiya countries.
    2. Project ReWeave
    • Microsoft India has launched a new e-commerce platform ‘re-weave.in’ under project ReWeave to help handloom weavers.
    • About Project ReWeave:
    o Initiated by Microsoft India (R&D) Pvt. Limited in 2016 as part of its
    Philanthropies efforts.
    o Aim: To revive the handloom weaving ecosystem in India.
    o Features: Under the initiative, Microsoft is working closely with NGO
    partner, Chaitanya Bharathi to provide infrastructure, financing and
    marketing support to help weaver families keep their weaving traditions
    alive by sustaining livelihoods.
    3. Floating Solar Plants
    • A 50MW floating solar plant will be set up in the country’s largest reservoir Rihand dam in Sonbhadra district in UP.
    • The largest floating solar plant to date is a 2MW one in Vishakhapatnam.
    Another is a 500-kWh plant built by the Kerala State Electricity Board at the
    Banasura Sagar Dam.
    4. India’s Longest Railroad Bridge
    • The Bogibeel bridge is India’s longest railroad bridge. It was inaugurated
    recently. The bridge is 4.94 km long in length. The double decker rail and road bridge, on the Bramhaputra river, will cut down the train-travel time between Tinsukia in Assam to Naharlagun town of Arunachal Pradesh by more than 10 hours.
    • Built by the Indian Railways, the double-decker bridge is strong enough to
    withstand movement of heavy military tanks.
    • The Bogibeel bridge will connect the south bank of the Brahmaputra river in Assam’s Dibrugarh district with Silapathar in Dhemaji district, bordering
    Arunachal Pradesh. The railways have reduced the distance between Dhemaji
    and Dibrugarh from 500 Kms to 100 kms with the completion of the project.
    5. Strategic Petroleum Reserve (SPR) Programme
    • To ensure energy security, the Government of India had decided to set up
    million metric tons (MMT) of strategic crude oil storages at three locations
    namely, Visakhapatnam, Mangalore and Padur (near Udupi).
    • These strategic storages would be in addition to the existing storages of crude
    oil and petroleum products with the oil companies.
    • In the 2017-18 budget, it was announced that two more such caverns will be set
    up Chandikhole in Jajpur district of Odisha and Bikaner in Rajasthan as part of
    the second phase.
    • The construction of the Strategic Crude Oil Storage facilities is being managed by Indian Strategic Petroleum Reserves Limited (ISPRL), a Special Purpose
    Vehicle, which is a wholly owned subsidiary of Oil Industry Development Board (OIDB) under the Ministry of Petroleum & Natural Gas.
    • The Indian Strategic Petroleum Reserves Ltd (ISPRL) has signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) with the Abu Dhabi National Oil Company (ADNOC) in Abu Dhabi to explore the possibility of storing ADNOC crude oil at ISPRL’s underground oil storage facility at Padur in Karnataka, which has a 2.5 million tonne capacity.
    o ISPRL is an Indian government-owned company mandated to store
    crude oil for emergency needs.
    o ADNOC is the only foreign oil and gas company, so far, to invest by way
    of crude oil in India’s strategic petroleum reserves program.
    o ISPRL has already built 5.33 million tonnes of underground storage
    capacity at three locations – Visakhapatnam (1.33 million tonnes),
    Mangalore (1.5 million tonnes) and Padur (2.5 million tonnes), that can
    meet around 9.5 days of the country’s oil needs.
    6. Yuva Sahakar-Cooperative Enterprise Support and Innovation Scheme
    • To cater to the needs and aspirations of the youth, the National Cooperative Development Corporation (NCDC) has come up with a youth-friendly scheme ‘Yuva Sahakar-Cooperative Enterprise Support and Innovation Scheme” for attracting them to cooperative business ventures.
    • Key facts:
    o The scheme would encourage cooperatives to venture into new and
    innovative areas.
    o NCDC has created a dedicated fund with liberal features enabling youth
    to avail the scheme.
    o The scheme will be linked to Rs 1000 crore ‘Cooperative Start-up and
    Innovation Fund (CSIF)’ created by the NCDC.

    It would have more incentivesfor cooperatives of North Eastern region,
    Aspirational Districts and cooperatives with women or SC or ST or PwD
    members.
    o The funding for the project will be up to 80% of the project cost for
    these special categories as against 70% for others.
    o The scheme envisages 2% less than the applicable rate of interest on
    term loan for the project cost up to Rs 3 crore including 2 years
    moratorium on payment of principal.
    o All types of cooperatives in operation for at least one year are eligible.
    • About NCDC:
    o National Cooperative Development Corporation (NCDC) was established
    by an Act of Parliament in 1963 as a statutory Corporation under
    Ministry of Agriculture & Farmers Welfare.
    o It has many regional centres to provide the financial assistance to
    Cooperatives/Societies/Federations.
    7. Paisa – Portal for Affordable Credit & Interest Subvention Access
    • PAiSA – A centralized electronic platform for processing interest subvention on
    bank loans to beneficiaries under Deendayal Antyodaya Yojana – National
    Urban Livelihoods Mission (DAY-NULM).
    • It is designed and developed by Allahabad Bank (Nodal bank).
    • Benefits of PAiSA:
    o Another effort by the government to connect directly with the
    beneficiaries for ensuring greater transparency and efficiency in
    delivery of services.
    o DBT ofsubvention on monthly basis under DAY-NULM will give the
    necessary financial support to small entrepreneurs in a timely manner.
    o All 35 States/UTs & allscheduled commercial banks, RRBs and
    Cooperative Banks are expected to be on board the PAiSA portal the
    year end.
    8. Swasth Bharat Yatra National Campaign
    • Union Government has launched national campaign ‘Swasth Bharat Yatra’ on occasion of World Food Day (16 October) to sensitise people about eating safe food and be healthy.
    • The campaign has been launched in association with states and led by Food Safety and Standards Authority of India (FSSAI).
    • About Swasth Bharat Yatra national campaign:
    o Under it, pan-India cycle rally is being organized to create consumer
    awareness about eating safe and nutritious food for becoming healthy
    and combating food adulteration.
    o This campaign will not only mobilise masses but also create large pool of
    local community to sustain this movement.
    • World Food Day:
    o World Food Day is celebrated on October 16 every year to raise
    awareness on the issues of poverty and hunger.
    o World Food Day was established by Food and Agriculture Organization
    of the United Nations (FAO) in November 1979 and since then the day is celebrated worldwide by many organisations that are concerned with
    food security.
    o 2018 theme: “OUR ACTIONS ARE OUR FUTURE. A #ZERO HUNGER
    WORLD BY 2030 IS POSSIBLE”.
    9. National Council for Vocational Education and Training (NCVET)
    • The Union Cabinet has approved the merger of the existing regulatory
    institutions in the skills space – National Council for Vocational Training (NCVT)
    and the National Skill Development Agency (NSDA) into the National Council for
    Vocational Education and Training (NCVET).
    • Functions:
    o NCVET will regulate the functioning of entities engaged in vocational
    education and training, both long-term and short-term and establish
    minimum standards for the functioning of such entities.
    o The primary functions of NCVET will include:
    ▪ Recognition and regulation of awarding bodies, assessment
    bodies and skill related information providers.
    ▪ Approval of qualifications developed by awarding bodies and
    Sector Skill Councils (SSCs).
    ▪ Indirect regulation of vocational training institutes through
    awarding bodies and assessment agencies.
    ▪ Research and information dissemination.
    ▪ Grievance redressal.
    • Composition:
    o The Council would be headed by a Chairperson and will have Executive
    and Non-Executive Members.
    • Benefits:
    o This institutional reform will lead to improvement in quality and market
    relevance of skill development programs lending credibility to
    vocational education and training, encouraging greater private
    investment and employer participation in the skills space.
    o This in turn will help achieve the twin objectives of enhancing
    aspirational value of vocational education and of increasing skilled
    manpower furthering the Prime Minister’s agenda of making India the
    skill capital of the world.
    o Being a regulator of India’s skill ecosystem, NCVET will have a positive
    impact on each individual who is a part of vocational education and
    training in the country.
    o This is also expected to facilitate the ease of doing business by
    providing a steady supply of skilled workforce to the industry and
    services.
    • Facts for Prelims:
    o The National Skill Development Agency (NSDA) is an autonomous body
    under the Ministry of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship.
    o It coordinates and harmonizes the skill development efforts of the
    Indian government and the private sector to achieve the skilling targets
    of the 12th Plan document and beyond.

    The NSDA’s role is also to anchor the National Skills Qualifications
    Framework (NSQF) and facilitate the setting up of professional certifying
    bodies in addition to the existing ones.
    10.#Self4Society App
    • #Self4Society app, developed by MyGov, has been launched by the government
    to help coordinate volunteer work undertaken by professionals.
    • This platform will help to create better synergies among so many CSR and other
    initiatives and lead to a much better outcome of the efforts of professionals.
    • Companies have observed that a spirit of service and volunteering improves
    employee satisfaction and reduces employee attrition.
    • The app will have incentives, gamification and intra- and inter-company
    competitions, and social networking.
    • The volunteer time for the government’s flagship programmes such as Swachh
    Bharat is expected to increase.
    11.Strategic Policy Group
    • The government has set up Strategic Policy Group or SPG to help the National
    Security Council, which advises the Prime Minister on matters of national
    security and strategic interests.
    • About the Strategic Policy Group (SPG):
    • Composition:
    o It will be headed by National Security Advisor.
    o Its members include the NITI Aayog vice chairman, cabinet secretary,
    the chiefs of the three defence services, the RBI governor, the foreign
    secretary, the home secretary, the finance secretary and the defence
    secretary.
    o The secretary of the Department of Defence Production and Supplies,
    the scientific adviser to the defence minister and the secretary, cabinet
    secretariat will also be members of the panel.
    o The other members are secretary, department of revenue; secretary,
    department of atomic energy; secretary, department of space; director,
    Intelligence Bureau, and secretary, National Security Council Secretariat.
    o Representatives of other ministries and departments will be invited to
    the meetings of the group as and when necessary.
    • Functions:
    o It will assist the National Security Council and undertake among other
    tasks, a long-term strategic review of country’s security affairs.
    o It will be the principal mechanism for inter-ministerial coordination and
    integration of relevant inputs in the formulation of national security
    policies.
    • Meetings:
    o The NSA will convene the meetings of the SPG and the cabinet secretary
    will coordinate implementation of the group’s decisions by union
    ministries and departments, and state governments.
    12.Mobilise Your City (MYC) Programme
    • India and France have signed an implementation agreement on “MOBILISE YOUR CITY” (MYC) programme.

    Based on a proposal made by AFD in 2015, the European Union has agreed to provide funds of Euro 3.5 million through the AFD to contribute to specific
    investments and technical assistance components within the Mobilise Your City (MYC) programme in India.
    • About Mobilise Your City (MYC):
    o MobiliseYourCity (MYC) is a global climate initiative for integrated
    urban mobility planning, and one of 15 international transport initiatives
    of the UN Global Climate Action Agenda (GCAA).
    o Mobilise Your City (MYC) is part of an international initiative which is
    supported by the French and the German Governments and was
    launched at 21st Conference of Parties (COP21) meeting in December,
    2015.
    o The MYC is an initiative combining urban mobility objectives and
    climate considerations.
    o It aims at providing solutions in a fully integrated manner, analysing
    different modes of transportation within the urban fabric, with the
    objective of providing people long-term, sustainable, adequate, reliable
    and cost-efficient transportation opportunities.
    o The project seeks to back 100 cities worldwide in three years, which are
    engaged in sustainable urban mobility planning to reduce greenhouse
    gas emissions.
    o In India, the MYC aims at supporting three pilot cities viz. Nagpur,
    Kochi and Ahmedabad in their efforts to reduce their Green House Gas
    (GHG) emissions related to urban transport by implementing urban
    mobility plans at local level and to help India at national level to improve
    their sustainable transport policy.
    o The three pilot cities selected under the programme as well as MoHUA
    will benefit from the Technical Assistance activities.
    • The main components of the proposed assistance are:
    o To support planning and implementation of sustainable urban transport
    projects.
    o Support to strengthening institutional capacity for regulating, steering
    and planning urban mobility.
    o Learning and exchange formats with other cities across India for
    exchanges on best practices.

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