English – Yearwise Questions – Precis Writing – W.B.C.S. Mains Examination.
Continue Reading English – Yearwise Questions – Precis Writing – W.B.C.S. Mains Examination.
WBCS Main Question Paper – 2019
- Write a precis of the following passage and add suitable title : 35 +
5 = 40
The chief record of Wordsworth’s College life is to be found in ‘The
Prelude’. Wordworth did not distinguish himself as a scholar and if his
life had any incidents, they were of that interior kind which rarely
appear in biography, though they may be of controlling influence upon
the life. Hes speaks of reading Shaucer, Spencer and Milton while at
Cambridge but no reflection from them is visible in his earliest
published poems. The greater part of his vacations was spent in his
native Lake-Country, where he is only sister, Dorothy, was the
companion of his rambles. She was a woman of large, natural
endowment, chiefly of the respective kind and had march to do with
the formation and tendency of the poet’s mind. It was she who called
forth the shyer sensibilities of his nature and taught an originally harsh
and austere imagination to surround itself with fancy and feeling, as
the rock fringes itself with a sun-spray of ferns. Though the greater
part of his life she continued to be a kind of poetical conscience to him.
WBCS Main Question Paper – 2018
- Write a precis of the following passage and add a suitable title :
The balance of nature is a very elaborate and very delicate system of
checks and counter-checks. It is continually being altered as climate
change, as new organism evolve, as animals or plants permeate to
new areas. But the alterations have in the past, for the most part, been
slow, whereas with the arrival of civilized man, their speed has been
Everywhere man is altering the balance of nature. He is facilitating the
spread of plants and animals into new regions, sometimes
deliberately, sometimes unconsciously. He is covering huge areas with
new kinds of plants or with houses, factories, slag-heaps and other
products of his civilization. He exterminates some spaces on a large
scale, but favours the multiplication of others. In brief, he has done
more in five thousand years to alter the biological aspects of the planet
than has nature in five million. (145 words)
WBCS Main Question Paper – 2017
- Make a precis of the following passage and add a suitable title: 40
Culture is a forbidding word. I have to use it, knowing of none better to
describe the various beautiful and interesting objects which man have
made in the past and handed down to us and which some of us are
hoping to hand on. Many people despise them. They argue with force
that cultural stuff takes up a great deal of room and time and better be
Cultivated people are like drops in ocean. They mix easily and
generally with other drops, for those exclusive days are over when
cultivated people made only cultivated friends and became tongue-tied
or terror-struck in the presence of anyone whose make-up was
different from their own. Culture, thank goodness, is no longer a social
asset, it can no longer be employed either as a barrier against the
mob or as a ladder into the aristocracy.
All the same we are a drop in the ocean. Few people share our
enjoyment so far. Strictly between ourselves and keeping our limited
circulation in mind, let up put our heads together and consider for a
moment our special problem, our special blessings, our special woes.
No one need listen us who does want to. We whisper in the corner of a
world which is full of others’ noises and louder ones.
Come closer, our problem, as I see it is what We have got worth
passing on. What we have is (roughly speaking) a little knowledge
about books, pictures, tunes, and a little skill in their interpretation.
Seated beside our grass-fires and beneath our electric bulbs, we
inherit a tradition which has lasted for about three thousand years.
WBCS Main Question Paper – 2016
- Make a precis of the following passage and add a suitable title. 40
In reality, the soldier who is engaged in armed combat in a national
war deliberately measures from day to day the sum of all degradation
inflicted upon many by colonial oppression. The man of action has
sometimes the exhausting impression that he must restore the whole
of his people that he must bring every one of them up out of the pit
and out of the shadows. He very often sees that his task is not only to
hunt down the enemy forces but also to overcome the kernel of
despair which has hardened in at the native’s being. The period of
oppression is painful, but the conflict ; by reinstating the downtrodden,
sets on foot a process of reintegration which is fertile and decisive in
the extreme. A people’s victorious fight not only consecrates the
triumph of its rights ; it also gives to that people consistence,
coherence and homogeneity. For colonialism has not simply
depersonalized the individual it has colonized; the depersonalization is
equally felt in the collective sphere, on the level of social structures.
The colonizes people find that they are reduced to a body of
individuals who only find cohesion when in the presence of colonizing
The fight carried on by a people for its liberation leads it, according the
circumstances, either to refuse or else to explode the so-called truths
which have been established in its consciousness by the colonial civil
administration, by the military occupation, and by economic
exploitation. Armed conflict alone can really drive out these falsehoods
created in man which force into inferiority the liveliest minds among us
and which, literally, mutilate us.
WBCS Main Question Paper – 2015
- Make a precis of the following passage and add a suitable title. 40
I quite understand that food and the utensils to eat it out of are both
needful to man. But where there is a “shortage of food, a parsimony in
re gard to utensils also becomes necessary. To make the paraphernalia
of our Education so expensive that Education itself becomes difficult of
attain ment would be like squandering all one’s money in buying
We in the East have had to arrive our own solution of the problem of
life. We have, as far as possible, made our food and clothing unburden
some; and this our very climate has taught us to do. We require
openings in the walls more than the walls themselves. Light and air
have more to do with our wearing apparel than the weavers’ loom. The
sun makes for us the heat-producing factors which elsewhere are
required from food-stuffs. All these natural advantages have molded
our life to a particular shape, which I cannot believe it will be profitable
to ignore in the case of our education.
I do not seek to glorify poverty. But simplicity is of greater price than
the appendages of luxury. The simplicity of which I speak is not merely
the effect of a lack of superfluity : it is one of the signs of perfection.
When this dawns on mankind, the unhealthy fog which now
besmirches civilization will be lifted. It is for lack of this simplicity that
the necessaries of life have become so rare and costly.
Most things in the civilized world, such as eating and merry-making,
education and culture, administration and litigation, occupy more than
their legitimate space. Much of their burden is needless; and in
bearing it civilized man may be showing great strength, but little skill.
To the gods, viewing this from on high, it must seem like the
floundering of a giant who has got out of his depth and knows not how
to swim. (317 words)
WBCS Main Question Paper – 2014
- Make a precis of the following passage and add an appropriate title
Not a few of our troubles are the result of acting before thinking; we do
our thinking afterwards – and too late. It would be difficult to reckon
how many friendships have been broken up simply because one of the
friends did not use his head. He ought to have known; he did not
know, but he simply did not think; and what he did or said cannot be
undone or unsaid. Afterwards we recall the matter and wonder why we
were such fools; and then we get out and play the same fool trick for
the thousand – and – first time. A little thinking might save a thousand
It is a difficult lesson to learn, but it can be mastered. It will not be
easy, but it can be done, and it will repay a thousand fold all the labour
necessary for its accomplishment. To learn to think just before we
speak, just before we act, is something which thousands never learn,
and all their life time they regret the fact because of its inevitable
consequences; and yet they might have learnt the lesson in early life
and have saved themselves and their friends much necessary worry.
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