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  • Essay Composition On – Population Of India – For W.B.C.S. Examination.
    Posted on June 24th, 2020 in English Composition
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    Essay Composition On – Population Of India – For W.B.C.S. Examination.

    The current population of India contributes to 17% of the global population. Also, all these people are unevenly distributed across 3.28 million square kilometers of our geographical area.Continue Reading Essay Composition On – Population Of India – For W.B.C.S. Examination.

    According to the 2001 Census, Uttar Pradesh is the highest populated state in India with a total number of 166 million people. While on the other hand, states like Sikkim and Lakshadweep have the lowest population of 0.5 million in Sikkim and only 60000 people in the island state of Lakshadweep.

    Furthermore, about half of the country’s population is concentrated around five major states- Maharashtra, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal, Bihar and Andhra Pradesh. Though Rajasthan is the largest state in size, its population contributes to only 5.5% of the total population of India.

    This uneven distribution of the population is due to the varying population density of the country. Population density = the total number of people per unit of area. Also, population density is largely dependent on the geographical location and geological factors. Therefore, states like Assam, Himachal Pradesh, and other hilly terrains have a lower density of population. While the northern plains and coastal areas like Kerala, West Bengal, and Maharashtra have very high population density.

    Population growth is determined by the annual growth rate, which is calculated in percent per annum. Like, if there is an increase of two people per 100 people of the population, then the annual growth rate would be 2%.

    Age Composition

    One of the most important characteristics of the population of India, the age composition determines the country’s s social and economic structure. The total population is broadly divided into three age groups-

    • Children- below 15 years
    • Working-age- 15- 59 years
    • Aged (Senior)- 59 years and above

    Adolescent population

    This is one of the most important and influential elements of the age composition aspect of the population. Adolescents are people between the age groups of 10-19 years and in our country. Also, about one-fifth of the population comprise adolescent individuals. They are especially relevant to the future growth and are the most significant part of the population of India.

    Sex Ratio

    The sex ratio of population is determined by the number of females for every 1000 males. This helps in understanding the equality of males and females in the society, which consequently gives an idea of the nation’s culture. India’s sex ratio has always been on the lower side, until recently. States like Kerala and Union Territory of Pondicherry have higher sex ratio than the major states.

    Literacy Rate

    This is yet another important characteristics of the population because the literacy rate of a country determines its economic structure and growth. Literacy, according to the 2001 Census, is the ability of a person of 7 years and above to read and write in any language. The census states the literacy rate of the population of India is almost 74.04% (2016).

    Occupational Structure

    The number of people in a population involved in different economic activities helps assess the growth of the country’s economy. The occupational structure is the distribution of the population across different occupations. This is an important element of the population of India. Also, our occupational structure has three broad categories-

    • Primary occupation- agriculture, fishing, mining, animal husbandry, forestry etc.
    • Secondary occupation- manufacturing, building, construction work etc.
    • Tertiary occupation- communication, transportation, administration etc.

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