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    Geography – Yearwise Questions – Physical India And World – W.B.C.S. Mains Examination.

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    WBCS Main Question Paper – 2019

    1. The National Air Monitoring Program was initiated by
      (Central Pollution Control Board)
      (A) National Disaster Management Agency
      (B) State Pollution Control Board
      (C) National Pollution Control Board
      (D) Indian Meteorological Department
      2. The longest border of India is with ________ (4096 kilometers)
      (A) Nepal
      (B Bhutan
      (C) Afghanistan
      (D) Bangladesh
    2. The southernmost point of India is ______, located at 6
      045′ N.
      (A) Indira Point
      (B) Kanniya Kumari
      (C) Dras
      (D) Chennai
    3. In the year _____ tsunami occurred in coastal areas of India.
      (A) 2003
      (B) 2006
      (C) 2004
      (D) 2005
      5. IMD has defined severe drought when deficiency of rainfall exceeds
      ______ of normal rainfall
      (A) 25%
      (B) 40%
      (C) 50%
      (D) 75%
    4. The famous earthquake of January 26, 2001 took place at _______
      (Magnitude 7.7 Mw)
      (A) Uttar Kashi
      (B) Bhuj (Gujrat)
      (C) Andaman and Nicobar
      (D) Kinnaur
    5. In 2005, the Indian government enacted an act for prevention and
      mitigation of disaster. It is known as
      (A) Disaster Prevention Act
      (B) Disaster Mitigation Act
      (C) Disaster Management Act
      (D) None of the above
      8. The National Fire Service college is located at
      (A) Ahmedabad
      (B) Chennai
      (C) Nagpur
      (D) Allahabad
    6. ________ is not a drought prone area.
      (A) Kalahandi (Orrisa)
      (B) Purulia (West Bengal)
      (C) Nellai (Tainil Nadu)
      (D) Assarm Valley (Assam)
    7. India Standard Time is ahead of Greenwich Mean Time.
      (A) 6 hours 30 minutes
      (B) 4 hours 30 minutes
      (C) 5 hours 30 minutes
      (D) 6 hours 15minutes
      11. The Marwar plain is found in
      (A) Rajasthan
      (B) Gujrat
      (C) Maharashtra
      (D) Uttar Pradesh
    8. _____ has one of the four training centers of National Disaster Response
      (A) Delhi
      (B) Hyderabad
      (C) Bangalore
      (D) Bhopal
    9. India and Pakistan have boundary dispute over _____ creek.
      (A) Sir
      (B) Kari
      (C) Kajhar
      (D) None of the above
      14. ____ forecast flood in India.
      (Central Water Commission)
      (A) Indian Meteorological Department
      (B) Central Flood Forecasting Organization
      (C) Central Flood and Disaster Forecasting Organization
      (D) None of the above
    10. ______ coastal plain stretches from Daman to Goa.
      (A) Kerela
      (B) Konkan
      (C) Utkal
      (D) Gujrat
      16. In the year 1988, India launched the first remote sensing satellite,
      (sun-synchronous orbit)
      (A) IRS-1A
      (B) INSAT-1D
      (C) INSAT-1A
      (D) None of the above
    11. Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan was launched in the year
      (86th Amendment)
      (A) 2000
      (B) 2001
      (C) 2002
      (D) 2003
      18. By ______ amendment constitutional status was given to the Panchayat
      (A) 74th
      (B) 73th
      (C) 72th
      (D) 62th
    12. The basic objective of ______ is to provide all-weather connectivity to all
      (A) SGSY
      (B) IAY
      (C) DPAP
      (D) PMGSY
    13. Integrated Urban Development Project was initiated during five-year
      (A) Fourth
      (B) Fifth
      (C) Sixth
      (D) Seventh
    14. ‘100 Smart Cities Mission’ was launched by Indian Government in the
      (A) 2014
      (B) 2015
      (C) 2016
      (D) 2013

    WBCS Main Question Paper – 2018

    1. The longest sea beach in India is
      (A) Chapora beach
      (B) Diu beach
      (C) Aksa beach
      (D) Marina beach
      2. The famous Lagoon lake of India is
      (A) Dal Lake
      (B) Chilika Lake
      (C) Pullicat Lake
      (D) Manas Sarover
      3. Where is Panzseer Valley situated?
      (A) Lebanon
      (B) Afghanistan
      (C) Jammu and Kashmir, India
      (D) Syria

    4A narrow strip of land that connects two larger landmasses is called
    (A) Strait
    (B) Peninsula
    (C) Cape
    (D) Isthmus
    5. Which of the following cities lies to the Western-most longitude?
    (A) Jaipur
    (B) Nagpur
    (C) Bhopal
    (D) Hyderabad
    6. Which foreign country is closest to Andaman Islands?
    (A) Sn Lanka
    (B) Myanmar
    (C) Indonesia
    (D) Pakistan

    1. Which of the following processes is responsible for producing the sand
      dunes in Western Rajasthan?
      (A) Wind erosion
      (B) Erosion by water
      (C) Wind deposition
      (D) Mechanical weathering
      8. The standard time of a country differs from the GMT in multiples of
      (A) Two hours
      (B) One hour
      (C) Half hour
      (D) Four minutes
    2. 82 / E longitude is geographically significant to India because
      (A) it determine the Indian Standard time.
      (B) it has a hearing on the tropical climate of India.
      (C) ii divides India into eastern and western zones.
      (D) it enables determining local lime in eastern India
    3. Which of the following cities/towns lies to the northern most latitude?
      (A) Patna
      (B) Allahabad
      (C) Panchmari
      (D) Ahmedabad
      11. The Andaman and Nicobar group of islands are separated from each other by
      (A) Ten degree channel
      (B) Great channel
      (C) Bay of Bengal
      (D) Andaman Sea
    4. The approximate length of the coastline of India
      (A) 5500km
      (B) 6000km
      (C) 6500 km
      (D) 7000km (7517 km)
    5. The coast that belongs to Kerala is known as
      (A) Konkan coast
      (B) Malabar coast
      (C) Commandal coast
      (D) Canara coast
      14. The palk strait lies between
      (A) Bay of Bengal and Gulf of Mannar
      (B) Andaman and Nicobar islands
      (C) Rann of Kutch and Gulf of Khambhat
      (D) Lakshadweep and Maldives
    6. which of the following Indian state has the largest coastline?
      (A) Andhra Pradesh
      (B) Maharashtra
      (C) Orissa
      (D) Tamil Nadu

    WBCS Main Question Paper – 2017

    1. MacMohan Line is a boundary between
      (A) India and China
      (B)India and Bangladesh
      (C) China and Nepal
      (D) India and Afghanistan
      2. The Tropic of Cancer does not pass through which of the following
      (A) Madhya Pradesh
      (B) Chattisgarh
      (C) Bihar
      (D) Jharkhand
      3.The shape of India is approximately a
      (A) square
      (B) triangular
      (C) quadrangular
      (D) circular

    4.Which one of the following is correctly matched in terms of hot springs in India?
    (A) Manikaran – Himachal Pradesh
    (B) Puga Valley – Jharkhand
    (C) Surajkund – Jammu and Kashmar
    (D) Sahasradhara – Madhya Pradesh
    5. Locationally India roughly occupies the central part of
    (A) the western hemisphere
    (B) the eastern hemisphere
    (C) the northern hemisphere
    (D) the southern hemisphere
    6.Which pair of the following are twin-cities in India?
    (A) Mumbai-Pune
    (B) Hyderabad- Secunderabad
    (D) Bengaluru – Mysuru
    (C) Howrah – Kolkata
    7. Which one of the following is a volcanic island in India?
    (A) Amindivi
    (B) Dadra
    (C) Narcondam
    (D) Minicoy
    8. In terms of relief the maximum area of India is covered under
    (A) mountains
    (B) hills
    (C) plateaus
    (D) plains
    9.The Eight Degree Channel forms the boundary between
    (A) Lakshadweep and Maldive islands
    (B) Andaman and Nicobar islands
    (C) India and Srilanka
    (D) The Arabin Sea and the Indian Ocean
    10. A cold desert of India is
    (A) Shillong Plateau
    (B) Thar
    (C) Tibbet
    (D) Laddakh

    WBCS Main Question Paper – 2016

    1. The largest area under waste land is in the state of :
      (A) Uttar Pradesh
      (B) Madhya Pradesh
      (C) Gujarat
      (D) Rajasthan
      2. The channel which separates Rameshwaram dwip from Indian main land
      (A) 9 Channel
      (B) 10 Channel
      (C) Palk Strait
      (D) Pamban Channel
      3. Which of the following coast has greatest number of lagoons ?
      (A) Malabar coast
      (B) Konkancoast
      (C) Coromondal coast
      (D) Kathiawarcoast
    2. The state which has longest coastline is
      (1215 km)
      (A) Andhra Pradesh
      (B) Gujarat
      (C) Tamil Nadu
      (D) Kerala
      5. Which one of the following channel divides Minicoy from Maldives ?
      (A) 9 Degree Channel
      (B) 10 Degree Channel
      (C) 8 Degree Channel
      (D) Grand Channel
      6. Lakshadweep is a
      (A) barrier reef island
      (B) fringing reef island
      (C) coral island
      (D) volcanic island
    3. Which one of the following is backwater port in the western coast of India ?
      (A) Kandla
      (B) Marmagaon
      (C) Mangalore
      (D) Cochin
      8. McMohan Line is in between
      (A) India and Pakistan
      (B) India and Afghanistan
      (C) India and China
      (D) Pakistan and Afghanistan
      9. Pullicat lake is which type of lake ?
      (2nd largest brackish water)
      (A) Crater lake
      (B) Salt lake
      (C) Glaciated lake
      (D) Lagoon lake
      10. ______ is a volcanic island of India.
      (A) Narcadam
      (B) New Moore
      (C) Pambass
      (D) Rameshwaram
      11. Pulicut Lake is situated at the coast of
      (A) Malabar coast
      (B) Konkan coast
      (C) Coromandal coast
      (D)None of the above
      12. Palk Strait separates India from
      (A) Pakistan
      (B) China
      (C) Sri Lanka
      (D) Maldives
      13. Southern most point of Indian territory is :
      (A) Tamil Nadu
      (B) Lakshadeep
      (C) Trivandrum
      (D) Andaman and Nicobar islands
      14. Which one of the following is the boundary between India and Sri Lanka ?
      (A) Gulf of Mannar
      (B) Paik bay
      (C) Palk Strait
      (D) Malacca Strait
      15. Which is the largest Salt water lake in India?
      (A) Lonar Lake

    (B) Pulicat Lake
    (C) Chilka Lake
    (D) Wular Lake
    16. Which one is the land locked state ?
    (A) Gujarat
    (B) Andhra Pradesh
    (C) West Bengal
    (D) Bihar
    17.The channel which separates Car Nicobar from little Andaman is
    (A) 9
    0 Channel
    (B) 8
    0 Channel
    (C) 10 0 Channel
    (D) 7
    0 Channel
    18. ‘Diego Garcia’ is an island in the ocean
    (A) Atlantic
    (B) Pacific
    (C) Indian
    (D) Arctic
    19. On the basis of evidences emerging from the site of Kodumanal the
    beginning of urbanization in Tamil Nadu goes back to
    (A) 800 BCE
    (B) 500-400 BCE
    (C) 300 BCE-200 CE
    (D) CE 200

    1. Isohyets lines shows the distribution of on map.
      (A) Temperature
      (B) Rainfall
      (C) Snowfall
      (D) Humidity
      21. Who prepares the topographical maps of India ?
      (A) Geological Survey of India
      (B) Survey of India
      (C) Defense Ministry
      (D) Geographical Survey of India
    2. Isogonic lines is the line of equal:
      (A) Earth inclination
      (B) Magnetic declination
      (C) Polar inclination
      (D) Magnetic inclination
      23.The longest highway (N.H.) of India is
      (NH 44, Leanth – 3,745 km)
      (A) N.H.-2
      (B) N.H.-1
      (C) N.H.-3
      (D) N.H.-7

    WBCS Main Question Paper – 2015

    1. Which one among the following statements is incorrect ?
      (Now a, b, c are incorrect)
      (a) Sikkim, West Bengal, Arunachal Pradesh and Jammu & Kashmir are having boundary touching maximum no. of Countries
      (b) West Bengal has the highest population density
      (c) Mumbai City is the largest District
      (d) Bihar has the lowest literates
    2. Wular Lake of Kashmir is :
      (fed by the Jhelum River)
      (a) Ox-bow Lake
      (b) Lake formed by tectonic activity
      (c) Lake formed by terminal morainic dam
      (d) Lake formed by continuous deposition of silt
      3. The States which have common borders with China are :
      1. Jammu & Kashmir
      2. Sikkim
      3. Arunachal Pradesh
      4. Himachal Pradesh
      (a) 1 & 3
      (b) 2, 3 & 4
      (c) 1, 2 & 3
      (d) 1, 2, 3 & 4
    3. Among the following cities which one is the nearest to the tropic of
      Cancer ?
      (a) Delhi
      (b) Kolkata
      (c) Jodhpur
      (d) Nagpur
      4. which of the following Islands of India has volcanic origin ?
      (a) Car-Nicobar
      (b) Barren
      (c) North Andaman
      (d) Little Nicobar
      5. Which of the following is not the agencies for carrying out the aerial
      Photography in India’?
      (a) National Remote Sensing Agency, Hyderabad
      (b) Air survey Company (Private) Limited, Calcutta
      (c) Indian Air Force
      (d) None of the above
    4. Which one of the following statements incorrect ?
      (a) Diu is an island in the Gulf of Khambat
      (b) Daman and Diu were separated from Goa by the 56th Amendment of the
      Constitution of India

      (c) Dadra and Nagar Haveli were under French Colonial Rule till 1954
      (d) Goa attained full statehood in 1987
      7. The World’s highest ground based Telescopic Observatory is located in .
      (a) Columbia
      (b) India
      (c) Nepal
      (d) Chile
      8. Vector and Raster data are used for
      (a) Remote sensing application
      (b) Geographical information system application
      (c) Global positioning system
      (d) All of the above
    5. Which one of the following is at the lowest height above the Mean Sea
      Level ?
      (a) Delhi (216m)
      (b) Jodhpur (231m)
      (c) Kota (271m)
      (d) Nagpur (310m)
      10. Which one of the following regions of the World is called ‘the bread
      basket of the world’?
      (a) Temperate Grassland
      (b) Tropical monsoonal region
      (c) Savana Grass land
      (d) Mediterranean region
      11. Which of the following percentage of solar radiation is absorbed by the atmosphere?
      (a) 23%
      (b) 16%
      (c) 10%
      (d) 20%
      12. How many kilometers are represented by 1 degree of latitude ?
      (a) 211
      (b) 111
      (c) 91
      (d) 131
      13. The approximate Circumference of the Earth is :
      (a) 23,000km
      (b) 20,000 km
      (c) 40,000 km
      (d) 35,000km
      14. The speed of rotation of the Earth is the highest :
      (a) Along the Equator
      (b) At the North Pole
      (c) Along the Tropic of Cancer
      (d) Along the Arctic Circle
      15. The map in which distribution of different objects are shown by letter
      symbols are called
      (a) Choroschematic maps
      (b) Chorochromatic maps
      (c) Choropleth maps
      (d) All of the above
    6. The most appropriate symbol for representing urban centres on maps is
      (a) Dots
      (b) Circles
      (c) Spheres
      (d) None of the above
      17. Which one of the following is not a GIS Software?
      (a) ARCVIEW
      (b) OAIRIS
      (c) ILWIS
    7. Pie-diagram is best example of representation of
      (a) Land use
      (b) Distribution of population
      (c) Spot heights
      (d) Crop production
      19. Ecosystem has components :
      (a) Plants and animals
      (b) Weeds and trees
      (c) Biotic and abiotic
      (d) Frogs and man
    8. Settlements which grow along the road, river or a canal are
      (a) Square settlements
      (b) Rectangular settlements
      (c) Linear settlements
      (d) None of the above
    9. Dry point settlements are common in
      (a) Deltas
      (b) Mountain regions
      (c) Deserts
      (d) Plains

    WBCS Main Question Paper – 2014

    1. What is the difference of time between GMT and IST?
      (a) 4 hours
      (b) 4.30 hours
      (c) 5.30 hours
      (d) 6.30 hrs.
      2. Which ocean deeps is located in Indian Ocean?
      (Sunda Trench – 7,450 m)
      (a) Murray
      (b) Tonga
      (c) Sunda
      (d) Mariana
    2. The Bay of Bengal and Arabian Sea came into being during
      (a) Cretaceous of early tertiary period
      (b) Middle or upper pleistocene period
      (c) Middle Miocene to lower Pleistocene period
      (d) Pleistocene to Quatermary period
    3. Which one of the following statements is incorrect?
      (a) PMGSY was initiated in 2000
      (b) It is a part of rural infrastructure development programme
      (c) It is backed by Employment generation programme
      (d) It aims to connect all habitation in rural area
      5. Sustainable development was first clearly defined by the
      (a) Brundtland Commission
      (b) Rio Conference
      (c) United Nations
      (d) World Bank
    4. When did India became a member of WTO?
      (a) 1991
      (b) 1994
      (c) 1995
      (d) 1996
    5. Which one is not a Green House Gas?
      (a) Carbon dioxide
      (b) Methane
      (c) Sulfur Hexafluoride
      (d) Hydro Oxide

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