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  • UPSC – IAS Mains – Syllabus For GS Paper I – History – Geography – Indian Society.

    The UPSC Mains syllabus comprises of four GS Papers, Essay, and two Optional papers. All the mains papers are descriptive in nature. The GS Paper 1 of the UPSC Mains Exam includes History (India and World), Geography, Art and Culture, and Indian Society.Continue Reading UPSC – IAS Mains – Syllabus For GS Paper I – History – Geography – Indian Society.


    Modern Indian History

    India Post Independence 

    World History

    Art & Culture


    Indian Geography

    World Geography

    Indian Society

    Social Issues, and Developments in Indian Society

      • Indian culture will cover the salient aspects of Art Forms, Literature & Architecture from ancient to modern times.
      • Modern Indian History from about the middle of the eighteenth century until the present- significant events, personalities, issues.
      • The Freedom Struggle – its various stages and important contributors /contributions from different parts of the country.
      • Post-independence consolidation and reorganization within the country.
      • History of the World will include events from the 18th century, such as the Industrial Revolution, World Wars, redrawal of national boundaries, colonization, decolonization, political philosophies like communism, capitalism, socialism, etc., – their forms and effects on the society. Salient features of Indian Society, Diversity of India. Role of women and women’s organizations, population and associated issues, poverty and developmental issues, urbanization, their problems and their remedies. Effects of globalization on Indian society – Social empowerment, communalism, regionalism & secularism.
      • Salient features of the world’s physical geography.
      • Distribution of key natural resources across the world (including South Asia and the Indian sub-continent); factors responsible for the location of primary, secondary, and tertiary sector industries in various parts of the world (including India); Important Geophysical phenomena, such as earthquakes, tsunami, volcanic activity, cyclones, etc., geographical features and their location – changes in critical geographical features (including water bodies and ice caps) and in flora and fauna and the effects of such changes.


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