WBCS (Exe.) Etc. Examination 2020 Notification By Public Service Commission , West Bengal
WBCS পরীক্ষা ২০২১ পাবলিক সার্ভিস কমিশন কর্তৃক প্রজ্ঞাপন, পশ্চিমবঙ্গ ।
WBCS (Exe.) Etc. Examination 2021 has been notified by the PSC WB.
Commencement of submission of online application : The 24th December , 2020
Closing date for submission of online application : The 15th January , 2021 (upto 12-00 midnight)
Closing date for submission of fees through online : The 15th January , 2021 (upto 12-00 midnight)
Closing date for submission of fees through offline : The16th January , 2021.*
- However, the Challan must be generated by the 15th January , 2021 positively.
Minimum qualification: Graduate in any field.
Age limits: 20-39 years (General).
Download the notification scheme and syllabus for WBCS Exam 2021 from here:
For guidance of WBCS Prelims , Main Exam and Interview by WBCS Gr A Officers/ Toppers, WBCS Prelims and Main Mock Test (Classroom & Online), Optional Subjects, Studymaterials, Correspondence Course etc.Call WBCSMadeEasy™ at 9674493673 or mail us at email@example.com Visit www.wbcsmadeeasy.in
Here is the details:
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PUBLIC SERVICE COMMISSION, WEST BENGAL
161 A ,S. P. MUKHERJEE ROAD, KOLKATA-700026
ADVERTISEMENT No.- 18 /2020
In accordance with the State Services Recruitment Rules, the Public Service Commission, West Bengal will hold the West Bengal Civil Service (Executive) etc. Examination, 2021 on the results of which recruitment to the West Bengal Civil Service (Exe.) and certain other services and posts will be made. The rules of the examination and other particulars are stated in the following paragraphs. A candidate should verify from these rules whether he/she is eligible for admission to the examination. The conditions
prescribed cannot be relaxed.
The W.B.C.S. (Exe.) etc. Examination consists of two parts – (1) Written Examination and (2) Personality Test. Written Examination will be held in two successive stages, viz., (i) Preliminary Examination (Objective MCQ Type) and (ii) Main Examination (Both Objective MCQ Type and Conventional Type). A number of candidates to be selected on the results of the Preliminary Examination will be allowed admission to the Main Examination and a number of candidates to be selected on the results of the Main Examination will be called to appear at the Personality Test
The Preliminary Examination will be held at various centres in Kolkata and in certain other districts in West Bengal tentatively in the month of MARCH/APRIL,2021. Only scheduled tribe candidates of Darjeeling district and other candidates of the three hill sub-divisions, namely Darjeeling Sadar, Mirik and Kurseong will be allowed to appear at Darjeeling centre. Similarly all candidates from the Kalimpong district will be allowed to appear at KALIMPONG centre. The Main Examination will be held in Kolkata in the later part of the same year. The Personality Test will be held thereafter in the office of the Public Service Commission, West
Bengal, in Kolkata.
The W.B.C.S. (Exe.) etc. Examination is to be treated as a combined Competitive Examination comprising four separate and distinct examinations for four groups of services and posts as detailed below.
GROUPING OF SERVICES : The services and posts to which recruitment is made on the results of the W.B.C.S. (Exe.) etc. Examination are divided into groups: A, B, C and D with a graduated syllabus. A candidate may compete for one or more groups but is required to submit one application only indicating choice of group(s).
NAME OF THE EXAMINATION
WEST BENGAL CIVIL SERVICE (EXE.) etc. EXAMINATION, 2021
SERVICE/POSTS Mentioned below(SEE PAY SCALE COLUMN)
PAY SCALE: GROUP – A
(i) West Bengal Civil Service (Executive):
PAY LEVEL :16 (56,100 – 1,44,300)
besides D.A., M.A. and H.R.A. admissible as per rules.
(ii) Assistant Commissioner of Revenue in the integrated West Bengal Revenue Service :
PAY LEVEL : 16 (56,100 – 1,44,300 )
besides D.A., M.A. and H.R.A. admissible as per rules.
(iii) West Bengal Co-operative Service:
PAY LEVEL : 16 (56,100 – 1,44,300 )
besides D.A., M.A. and H.R.A. admissible as per rules.
(iv) West Bengal Labour Service :
PAY LEVEL : 16 (56,100 – 1,44,300 )
besides D.A., M.A. and H.R.A. admissible as per rules.
(v) West Bengal Food and Supplies Service :
PAY LEVEL : 16 (56,100 – 1,44,300 )
besides D.A., M.A. and H.R.A. admissible as per rules.
(vi) West Bengal Employment Service [Except the post of Employment Officer (Technical)] :
PAY LEVEL : 16 (56,100 – 1,44,300 )
besides D.A., M.A. and H.R.A. admissible as per rules.
GROUP – B
West Bengal Police Service :
PAY LEVEL : 16 (56,100 – 1,44,300 )
besides D.A., M.A. and H.R.A. admissible as per rules.
GROUP – C
(i) Superintendent, District Correctional Home / Deputy Superintendent, Central Correctional Home :
PAY LEVEL : 15 (42,600 – 1,09,800 )
besides D.A., M.A. and H.R.A. admissible as per rules.
(ii) Joint Block Development Officer :
PAY LEVEL : 14 (39,900 – 1,02,800 )
besides D.A., M.A. and H.R.A. admissible as per rules.
(iii) Deputy Assistant Director of Consumer Affairs and Fair Business Practices :
PAY LEVEL : 14 (39,900 – 1,02,800 )
besides D.A., M.A. and H.R.A. admissible as per rules.
(iv) West Bengal Junior Social Welfare Service:
PAY LEVEL : 14 (39,900 – 1,02,800 )
besides D.A., M.A. and H.R.A. admissible as per rules.
(v) West Bengal Subordinate Land Revenue Service, Grade-I :
PAY LEVEL : 14 (39,900 – 1,02,800 )
besides D.A., M.A. and H.R.A. admissible as per rules.
(vi) Assistant Commercial Tax Officer :
PAY LEVEL : 14 (39,900 – 1,02,800 )
besides D.A., M.A. and H.R.A. admissible as per rules.
(vii) Joint Registrar (West Bengal State Consumer Disputes Redressal Commission under the Consumer Affairs Department, Government of West Bengal) :
PAY LEVEL : 14 (39,900 – 1,02,800 )
besides D.A., M.A. and H.R.A. admissible as per rules.
(viii) Assistant Canal Revenue Officer (Irrigation) :
PAY LEVEL : 12 (35,800 – 92,100)
besides D.A., M.A. and H.R.A. admissible as per rules.
(ix) Chief Controller of Correctional Services:
PAY LEVEL : 12 (35,800 – 92,100 )
besides D.A., M.A. and H.R.A. admissible as per rules.
GROUP – D
(i) Inspector of Co-operative Societies :
PAY LEVEL : 10 (32,100 – 82,900 )
besides D.A., M.A. and H.R.A. admissible as per rules.
(ii) Panchayat Development Officer under the Panchayat and Rural Development Department :
PAY LEVEL : 10 (32,100 – 82,900)
besides D.A., M.A. and H.R.A. admissible as per rules.
(iii) Rehabilitation Officer under the Refugee Relief and Rehabilitation Department :
PAY LEVEL : 10 (32,100 – 82,900)
besides D.A., M.A. and H.R.A. admissible as per rules.
VACANCIES : The number of vacancies in different services and posts to be filled up on the results of the examination will be announced in due time. Posts of some groups may not be filled up on the basis of the results of the examination if vacancies for the same are not reported from the
Department concerned within the stipulated time for filling up such vacancies.
[Reservation for Meritorious Sportspersons is Applicable only for
candidates applying for the Group. D Posts as mentioned in page 5 of the
- Certain vacancies may be reserved for candidates belonging to Scheduled Castes, Scheduled
Tribes and Backward Classes (Non – Creamy Layer) of West Bengal declared as such by the
Govt. of West Bengal. Some vacancies may also be reserved for Persons with Disabilities (40%
and above) provided that they are otherwise suitable and possess the capacity to perform the
duties attached to the post. The benefits of reservation of vacancies for S.C/S.T/B.C.(NonCreamy Layer) candidates are admissible to S.C./S.T./B.C. (Non-Creamy Layer) candidates
of West Bengal only. The S.C./S.T./B.C. candidates of other States shall be treated as general
- Certain vacancies may be reserved for candidates belonging to Meritorious Sportspersons in
the area of International Competition, National Competition, Inter-University Tournament and
National Sports/Games for School Education in the following list of Sports:-
(i) Athletics (including Track and Field events), (ii) Badminton, (iii) Basket Ball, (iv) Cricket, (v)
Football, (vi) Hockey, (vii) Swimming, (viii) Table Tennis, (ix) Volley Ball, (x) Tennis, (xi)
Weightlifting, (xii) Wrestling, (xiii) Boxing, (xiv) Cycling, (xv) Gymnastics, (xvi) Judo, (xvii) Rifle
Shooting, (xviii) Kabaddi and (xix) Kho-Kho. – vide Govt. of West Bengal, Labour Department
Notification No. 49-EMP/1M-25/98 dated 1st March, 2011.
QUALIFICATIONS (i) A degree of a recognized University.
(ii) Ability to read, write and speak in Bengali (not required for those candidates whose
mother tongue is Nepali) – vide Finance Department’s Notification No.1243-F(P)
N.B. : The candidates must fulfill the requisite qualifications by the closing date of
submission of application.
: Not below 21 years but not more than 36 years on the 1st January of the year of examination
for services and posts included in Group ‘A’ & ’C’ (i.e. born not earlier than the 2nd
January, 1985 and not later than the 1st January, 2000). For the West Bengal Police
Service only (i.e. Group ‘B’ Service) age not below 20 years but not more than 36 years
on the 1st January of the year of examination (i.e. born not earlier than the 2nd January,
1985 and not later than the 1st January, 2001).for services and posts included in group ‘D’
the age should not be below 21 years and not more than 39 years on the 1st day of
January of the year of the examination (i.e. born not earlier than the 2nd January, 1982
and not later than the 1st January, 2000) Those candidates whose date of
birth lies between the 1st January, 2000 & the 1st January, 2001 [i.e.
whose age is between 20 & 21 years as on 01.01.2021] may apply
for Group B only.
N.B. : Age as recorded only in the Madhyamik or equivalent certificate
will be accepted. The age limits apply to all the candidates whether
in Govt. service or not.
RELAXATION IN AGE LIMIT The upper age limit is relaxable for S.C., S.T. & B.C. (Non-Creamy Layer) candidates of West
Bengal, by 5 years for S.C. & S.T. candidates and by 3 years for B.C. (Non-Creamy Layer)
candidates. In the case of Persons with Disabilities (PWD), the upper age limit is relaxable upto
45 years. S.C./S.T./B.C. candidates of other States shall be treated as general candidates.
SPECIAL CONDITIONS FOR
(a) West Bengal Police Service (Group ‘B’ Service)- The minimum height requirement is 1.65
metres for male candidates and 1.50 metres for female candidates subject to relaxation in the
case of candidates belonging to races such as Gorkhas, Garwalis, Assamese Tribals etc.
Candidates intending to be considered for this Group must indicate their height in appropriate
column of the application form.
(b) Assistant Canal Revenue Officer – They will have to work in remote areas and their
jurisdiction will cover a large number of villages. They will also be required to attend Tahsil and
Zilla Offices for which they may have only cycles as the means of transport and to face and
tackle general public.
(c) West Bengal Junior Social Welfare Service – For service in the Homes for the Blind
and / or Deaf and Dumb, a degree or Diploma or certificate in the training of Blind and / or Deaf
and Dumb shall be an essential qualification. Any person not possessing the above qualification
may be appointed in these Homes on condition that he / she will have to receive in service
training for teaching of the Blind and / or Deaf and Dumb. Male candidates will be unsuitable for
the posts meant for institutions for females, and female candidates unsuitable for the posts
meant for institutions for males.
(d) West Bengal Subordinate Land Revenue Service, Grade – I – No person shall be
appointed to the service unless he has good working knowledge of the Bengali Language, written
and spoken (candidates whose mother tongue is Nepali shall be exempted from this
requirement, but will be required to pass, within a period of two years a departmental
examination in Bengali).
Selected candidates for West Bengal Subordinate land Revenue Service, Grade-I shall be
appointed provisionally and shall undergo a period of six months’ in-service training during which
they will draw the initial of the scale of pay and allowances as admissible.
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The training shall include subjects such as cadastral survey, preparation of records-of-rights,
Revenue Laws, elementary instructions in all other laws relevant for the service.
Incumbents who do not apply themselves to the in-service training with due diligence or fail to
pass the end of Training Examination shall be liable to be discharged without notice. The period
of training may also be extended in special circumstances.
CHOICE OF GROUPS OF
(i) As already stated, a candidate may apply for one or more of the four groups of services, viz.,
A, B, C, and D. The candidate is required to state clearly in the appropriate column of the
application the particular Group or Groups for which he/she intends to compete. No further
application for change of group(s) will be entertained.
(ii) A number of candidates selected in order of merit on the results of the Main Examination for
all the services and posts included in Groups A, B, C and D will have to appear at a Personality
Test. No separate Personality Test will be held for different groups viz. Group-‘A’, Group-‘B’,
Group-‘C’ and Group-‘D’ in respect of a candidate.
(iii) Candidates called to Personality Tests on the results of their Main Examination will be
required to specify the order of their preference for the posts or services included in the Group
or Groups for which they have applied. Choice of preference thus exercised will be deemed to be
final and no alteration thereafter will be allowed.
(iv) Allotment of candidates will be made in order of merit and according to the number of
vacancies. Due consideration will be given, as far as practicable, to the preferences indicated by
a candidate, if any, but the Commission reserves the right to allot the candidate to any service
or post for which he/she is a candidate on consideration of his/her fitness and the number of
Note : (i) All appointments will be made on temporary basis in the first instance.
(ii) Candidates are particularly advised to note that unless they indicate
preference for a post or service they shall not be recommended for such post
or service even if they may be otherwise eligible for the same on the results
of the examination. Belated request for being considered for appointment to
such post or service is liable to rejection.
RULES REGARDING PWD
CANDIDATES SUFFERING FROM BLINDNESS OR LOW VISION OR CANDIDATES WITH
LOCOMOTOR DISABILITY / CEREBRAL PALSY WITH WRITING EXTREMITY MAY BE
ALLOWED THE HELP OF SCRIBE, IF REQUIRED. THE COMMISSION, HOWEVER, WILL
NOT PROVIDE SCRIBE FOR SUCH CANDIDATES. SCRIBE WILL HAVE TO BE ARRANGED
BY CANDIDATES THEMSELVES. THE SCRIBE SHOULD POSSESS EDUCATIONAL
QUALIFICATION NOT HIGHER THAN THE REQUISITE QUALIFICATION FOR THE
Candidates suffering from blindness or low vision, candidates with locomotor
disability/cerebral palsy will be allowed compensatory time of 20 minutes per hour.
MODE OF APPLICATION Applications can be submitted through online only. SUBMISSION OF MORE THAN ONE
APPLICATION BY THE SAME CANDIDATE IS STRICTLY FORBIDDEN AND SUCH
APPLICATIONS ARE LIABLE TO CANCELLATION.
OTHER REQUIREMENTS (i) The candidate must be
(a) A citizen of India (either natural or by registration), or
(b) Such other nationals as declared eligible by the Govt. of India.
Provided that a candidate belonging to category (b) shall be a person in whose favour a
certificate of eligibility has been issued by the Government. A candidate in whose case a
certificate of eligibility is necessary may be admitted to the examination but the offer of
appointment may be given only after the necessary eligibility certificate has been issued to him
by the Government.
(ii) The candidate must have good health and character and suitability in all respects for
appointment to Government service.
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Rs.210/- (Rupees two hundred ten) only + Service Charge 1% of Examination Fee subject to
a minimum of Rs.5/- (Rupees Five) only for online payment through debit/credit card plus
service charge /GST as applicable as Govt. Duty or Service Charge of Rs.5/- (Rupees Five)
only for Net Banking or Service Charge of Rs.20/- (Rupees Twenty) only for payment through
Bank Counter (off-line payment).
SC/ST candidates of West Bengal and Persons with Disabilities (PWD) having physical
disability of 40% and above are not required to pay any fee. BC candidates of West Bengal
are, however, required to pay usual fee as aforesaid. NO EXEMPTION OF FEE IS AVAILABLE TO
SC/ST/BC CANDIDATES OF OTHER STATES. No claim for refund of the fee will be entertained nor
will it be held in reserve for any other examination.
- A candidate claiming to be S.C., S.T., B.C. (Non-Creamy Layer) or Persons
with Disabilities (40% and above) & Meritorious Sportspersons must
have a certificate in support of his / her claim from a competent authority of
West Bengal issued on or before the closing date of submission of application as
specified below :
(a) For S.C., S.T. & B.C.(Non – Creamy Layer) Candidates :-
i) In the district, the Sub-Divisional Officer of the Sub-Division concerned, and
ii) In Kolkata, the District Magistrate, South 24-Parganas or such Additional District
Magistrate, South 24-Parganas, as may be authorized by the District Magistrate,
South 24-Parganas, in this behalf and the District Welfare Officer, Kolkata and
Ex-officio Joint Director, Backward Classes Welfare.
[vide the W.B.S.Cs. & S.Ts. (Identification) Act, 1994 and S.C. & S.T. Welfare
Deptt. Order No. 261-TW/EC/MR-103/94 dated 6.4.95 read with B.C.W. Deptt.
Order No.6320-BCH/MR-84/10, dated 24.09.2010 and No.2420-BCW/MR61/2012 (Pt.), dated 12.07.2013]
(b) For Persons with Disabilities (PWD) :-
A Medical Board constituted at Government Medical College Hospitals in Kolkata,
District Hospitals and Sub-divisional Hospitals.
[vide West Bengal Persons with Disabilities (Equal Opportunities, Protection of Rights
and Full Participation) Rules, 1999]
The Public Service Commission may require such further proof or particulars
from the candidates as it may consider necessary and may make enquiries
about their character and other particulars regarding suitability and eligibility.
(c) For Meritorious Sportspersons (Applicable only for candidates applying
for the Group. D Posts) :-
Competent Authorities for issuing Certificates to Meritorious Sportspersons are
as follows :
Area Competent Authority
Secretary of the National
Federation/National Association of the
Secretary of the State Association of the
Dean/Director of Sports or other Officer
in overall charge of Sports of the
National Sports / Games for
Director or Deputy Director in overall
charge of Sports/Games for Schools in
the Directorate of School Education,
- BC ( Non – Creamy Layer) candidates must submit their renewed / revalidated BC (Non
–Creamy Layer) certificates at the time of appointment.
- The Public Service Commission may require such further proof or particulars from the
candidates as it may consider necessary and may make enquiries about their character
and other particulars regarding suitability and eligibility.
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Penalty of marks shall be imposed in case of disclosure of identity in the
answer script of the examination as per Rules of the Commission.
DEDUCTION OF MARKS There shall be negative marking for each wrong answer to multiple choice
questions (MCQ Type).
LANGUAGE OF THE
. Answer in all the papers, compulsory and optional, except the language paper may be
written either in English or in Bengali ( unless otherwise directed in these rules or in the
NOTE : Candidate shall write their answers to all the questions in only one and
the same language in any particular paper.
LIST OF PRELIMINARY
WITH CODE NO.
01–Kolkata, 02–Baruipur, 03–Diamond Harbour, 04–Barrackpore, 05–
Barasat, 06–Howrah, 07– Chinsura 08–Burdwan, 09–Durgapur 10–
Medinipur, 11–Tamluk, 12–Bankura, 13–Purulia, 14–Jhargram, 15-Suri, 16–
Krishnanagar 17–Berhampore, 18-Malda 19–Balurghat, 20-Raigunj, 21-
Jalpaiguri 22-Alipurduar 23-Coochbihar 24-Siliguri 25-Kalimpong and 26-
CAUTION i. The candidates must abide by the instructions as may be given by Supervisors /
Invigilators of the Examination. If the candidate fails to do so or indulges in disorderly or
improper conduct, he / she will render himself / herself liable to expulsion from the
Examination Hall and / or such other punishment as the Commission may deem fit to
ii. A candidate who has been reported against by the Supervisor of the Examination Centre
for violating any of the instructions will be punished with cancellation of candidature and
also debarment from future examinations and selections as may be decided by the
Commission according to the circumstances of the case.
iii. If at any stage even after issue of the letter of appointment, a candidate is found
ineligible in terms of advertisement his / her candidature will be cancelled without
further reference to him / her.
iv. The conditions prescribed cannot be relaxed in any case other than those mentioned in
v. A candidate should note that his / her admission to the examination will be deemed
provisional subject to determination of his / her eligibility in all respects. If at any stage
after issue of the admit card a candidate is found ineligible for admission for this
examination, his / her candidature will be cancelled without further reference to him /
her. No candidate shall be allowed to take the examination unless he / she holds a valid
vi. THE PUBLIC SERVICE COMMISSION, WEST BENGAL, SHALL HAVE DISCRETION
TO FIX QUALIFYING MARKS IN ANY PAPER/ALL PAPERS/SUBJECTS AND IN
vii. Candidates are not allowed to carry mobile phones or any other gadget of
communication inside the examination halls. This instruction must be strictly
viii. There will be arrangements for frisking of the candidates at entry points of venues
– separately for male and female candidates so that candidates with mobile phones
or any other gadget of communication may not enter the venue.
ix. CANDIDATES ALLOTTED IN A PARTICULAR VENUE WILL IN NO CASE BE
ADMITTED TO A VENUE OTHER THAN THAT INDICATED IN THE ADMIT CARD
ISSUED BY THE COMMISSION.
Page 7 of 7 Commencement of submission of online application : The 24th December , 2020
Closing date for submission of online application : The 15th January , 2021 (upto 12-00 midnight)
Closing date for submission of fees through online : The 15th January , 2021 (upto 12-00 midnight)
Closing date for submission of fees through offline : The16th January , 2021.*
- However, the Challan must be generated by the 15th January , 2021 positively.
MEDICAL EXAMINATION Candidates who will be selected for appointment will be required to appear before a Medical
Board for certificates of their fitness for Government service in the form prescribed for the
CANVASSING Any attempt on the part of a candidate to enlist support for his / her application through persons,
officials of Government, or agencies will disqualify him / her for appointment. Spontaneous
recommendations from persons interested in the candidates, or otherwise known to them, will be
disregarded and will render the candidates ineligible.
RESULTS OF THE
: The names of the candidates called to Personality Test and those recommended for
appointment will be published provisionally subject to determination of eligibility of the
candidates in all respects and verification of original certificates etc. If at any stage of such
verification any candidate is found ineligible, his / her candidature / allotment will be cancelled.
For further details and assistance the candidates may contact the following numbers
on any working day from 11-00 a.m. to 4-00 p.m.
(033) 2262-4181 [Related to Offline Payment]
(033) 4003-5104 [Related to Online Payment]
For Technical Support
(033) 2419-8187 Help Desk
Email-id :- firstname.lastname@example.org
PUBLIC SERVICE COMMISSION, WEST BENGAL
WEST BENGAL CIVIL SERVICE (EXECUTIVE) ETC. EXAMINATION, 2021
ADVERTISEMENT NO. 18/2020
SCHEME AND SYLLABUS
The scheme and syllabus of the examination shall be as detailed in the Schedule below :-
1 1. Scheme of the Preliminary Examination : The Preliminary Examination will consist of only one paper, viz., a paper on
“General Studies”. The paper will be of an objective type consisting of 200 multiple-choice questions. The paper will carry 200 marks
and will be of 2½ hours duration. The standard of the paper will be of the level of knowledge as expected of a graduate of any faculty
of a recognized University. The paper will include questions covering the following fields of knowledge:
1 (i) English Composition 25 Marks
1 (ii) General Science 25 Marks
1 (iii) Current events of National & International Importance 25 Marks
1 (iv) History of India 25 Marks
1 (v) Geography of India with special reference to West Bengal 25 Marks
1 (vi) Indian Polity and Economy 25 Marks
1 (vii) Indian National Movement 25 Marks
1 (viii) General Mental Ability 25 Marks
An outline of the syllabi is given in Appendix – I
The Preliminary Examination is meant to serve as a Screening Test only for the purpose of selection of candidates for the Main
Examination. The marks obtained in this examination by the candidates will not be considered for final selection. Only those
candidates who will be declared qualified at the Preliminary Examination in a year shall be eligible for admission to the W.B.C.S.
(Exe.) etc.(Main) Examination of that year.
1 2. Scheme of the Main Examination : The Main Examination shall consist of six Compulsory papers and one optional
subject consisting of two papers (Only for candidates applying for group A and / or B) to be chosen by the candidates from the list of
optional subjects given below. There will be two papers of the optional subject of 200 marks each. Each paper, Compulsory or
Optional, will carry 200 marks and will be of 3 hours duration.
Out of six compulsory papers four papers i.e. (i) General Studies- I, (ii) General Studies- II, (iii) The Constitution of India and
Indian Economy including role and functions of Reserve Bank of India and (iv) Arithmetic and Test of Reasoning will be of MCQ Type
to be answered in OMR answer sheets and remaining two compulsory papers i.e. Paper – I and Paper – II will be of conventional type
Compulsory Papers : Six compulsory papers are as follows:-
Paper I : Bengali/Hindi/Urdu/Nepali/Santali – Letter writing (within 150 words) / Drafting of Report (within 200 words), Précis
Writing, Composition and Translation from English to Bengali/Hindi/Urdu/Nepali/Santali
Paper II : English – Letter writing (within 150 words) / Drafting of Report (within 200 words), Précis Writing, Composition and
Translation from Bengali/Hindi/Urdu/Nepali/Santali to English
Paper III : General Studies-I : (i) Indian History with special emphasis on National Movement and (ii) Geography of India with
special reference to West Bengal.
Paper IV : General Studies-II : Science and Scientific & Technological advancement, Environment, General Knowledge and
Paper V : The Constitution of India and Indian Economy including role and functions of the Reserve Bank of India.
Paper VI : Arithmetic and Test of Reasoning.
2 3. List of Optional Subjects : (Vide restriction on choice in Item No.-4 below and syllabi in Appendix-I)
1 Bengali 01
2 Hindi 02
3 Sanskrit 03
4 English 04
5 Pali 05
6 Arabic 06
7 Persian 07
8 French 08
9 Urdu 09
10 Santali 10
11 Subject Code
12 Comparative Literature 11
13 Agriculture 12
14 Animal Husbandry and Veterinary Science 13
Page 1 of 52
15 Anthropology 14
16 Botany 15
17 Chemistry 16
18 Civil Engineering 17
19 Commerce and Accountancy 18
20 Computer Science 19
21 Economics 20
22 Electrical Engineering 21
23 Geography 22
24 Geology 23
25 History 24
26 Law 25
27 Mathematics 26
28 Management 27
29 Mechanical Engineering 28
30 Medical Science 29
31 Philosophy 30
32 Physiology 31
33 Physics 32
34 Political Science 33
35 Psychology 34
36 Sociology 35
37 Statistics 36
38 Zoology 37
1 4. The standard of Arithmetic part of Compulsory Paper – VI(Arithmetic & Test of Reasoning) will be similar to that of the
Compulsory Mathematics paper at the Madhyamik Examination of the Board of Secondary Education, West Bengal. Test of Reasoning
will cover Analytical Reasoning:Data Sufficiency, Logical Reasoning : (i) Logical Deduction (ii) Forcefulness of the Arguments(iii)
Implication of sentences (iv) Inferring from diagrams, Series: (i) Letter series, (ii) Number series, Inferring from Data, Analogy tests,
Symbol Interpretation, Mathematical puzzles, Odd man out, Perception test, Non-verbal reasoning & Selecting the correct sequence.
The standard of other compulsory papers will be of the level of learning expected from a graduate of any faculty of a recognized
The two papers of the optional subjects will be of conventional type and the standard of the examination will be approximately that of
an Honours Degree Examination as prescribed by the recognized Indian Universities except Law, Medical Science and Engineering
subjects which will be that specified for the LLB, MBBS and BE or equivalent courses respectively recognized by Indian Universities /
The Topic ‘Environment’ in paper General Studies II will include the following:-
Bio diversity and Coastal Regulation Zone, Global Warming, Industrial and Environmental Pollution, Ozone Layer and related issues.
The Topic ‘Indian Economy including role and functions of the Reserve Bank of India’ of the compulsory paper- V will consist of the
Central State relation and devolution of central funds to state, Planning process and objectives of five years plan, Functions of RBI
and Monetary policy, Central Finance Commission & State Finance Commission and Fiscal Policy of Government of India.
1 5. Answers in all the papers, Compulsory and Optional, except the language papers may be written either in English or in
Bengali (unless otherwise directed in these rules or in the question papers). Answers in the following optional papers may also be
written in Nepali:
Optional : (1) Political Science
Note : Candidates shall write their answers to all the questions in only one and the same language in any particular paper.
Candidates may use the Devanagari or Bengali Script in the answer papers on Sanskrit, the Devanagari Script in the answer papers
on Hindi or Nepali, and the Bengali, Arabic, Persian, Urdu in the answer papers on Bengali, Arabic, Persian and Urdu
respectively.Questions for Santali Paper will be set in Olchiki script and answers should also be written in Olchiki.
- A summary of the group-wise papers in the Main Examination :
Group ‘A’ & ‘B’ Services & Posts : All 6 compulsory papers and one optional subject consisting of two papers.
Group ‘C’ & ‘D’ Services & Posts : All 6 compulsory papers.
1 7. Personality Test : A number of candidates selected in order of merit on the results of the Main Examination for all the
services and posts included in Groups A, B, C and D shall have to appear at a Personality Test. Each candidate will be asked
questions on matters of general interest. The object of the test will be to assess the candidate’s personal qualities e.g., alertness of
mind, power of clear and logical exposition, intellectual and moral integrity, leadership and also the candidate’s range of interests.
Candidates for Group ‘B’ Service (West Bengal Police Service) will be specially tested at the interviews with regard to their suitability
for the service.
Marks for the Personality Test
(i) Group ‘A’ & ‘B’ 200 Marks
(ii) Group ‘C’ 150 Marks
(iii) Group ‘D’ 100 Marks
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Note : No separate Personality Test will be held for different groups viz. Group-‘A’, Group-‘B’, Group-‘C’ and Group-‘D’ in respect of a
candidate. Marks will be awarded according to different services against allotted full marks for Personality Test.
In all the answer papers under examination due credit will be given for proper economy of words combined with clarity,
precision and effectiveness of expression and originality of approach.
- Deduction of marks : Penalty shall be imposed in case of disclosure of identitity in the answer script of the
examination as per Rules of the Commision.
There shall be negative marking for each wrong answer to multiple-choice questions (MCQ) type.
1 9. Discretion of the Commission : The Commission has discretion to fix qualifying marks in any or all the papers/subjects
and in the aggregate.
If a candidate fails to secure qualifying marks in any paper / subject, the marks in that paper / subject will not be considered in
calculating his / her aggregate.
Abstract Table of Papers / Subjects and Marks
Main Examination and Personality Test
No. Compulsory Papers
- Bengali/Hindi/Urdu/Nepali/Santali – Letter writing (within 150 words) /
Drafting of Report (within 200 words), Précis Writing, Composition and
Translation from English to Bengali/Hindi/Urdu/Nepali/Santali
200 200 200 200
- English – Letter writing (within 150 words) / Drafting of Report (within
200 words), Précis Writing, Composition and Translation from
Bengali/Hindi/Urdu/Nepali/Santali to English
200 200 200 200
- General Studies-I : (i) Indian History with special emphasis on National
Movement and (ii) Geography of India with special reference to West
200 200 200 200
- General Studies-II : Science and Scientific & Technological advancement,
Environment, General Knowledge and Current Affairs. 200 200 200 200
- The Constitution of India and Indian Economy including role and
functions of Reserve Bank of India. 200 200 200 200
- Arithmetic and Test of Reasoning. 200 200 200 200
- Optional Subject – One subject to be chosen, Two papers of 200 marks
each. 400 400 — —
- Personality Test 200 200 150 100
Total Marks 1800 1800 1350 1300
APPENDIX – I
SYLLABI FOR PRELIMINARY EXAMINATION
Questions on English Composition will cover Synonyms, Antonyms, Idioms and Phrases, Vocabulary test, Phrasal Verbs, the
same words bearing more than one meaning, use of appropriate and qualifying words etc. Questions on General Science will cover
general appreciation and understanding of science, including matters of everyday observation and experience as may be expected of
a well-educated person who has not made a special study of any scientific discipline. In History, emphasis will be on broad general
understanding of the subject in its social, economic and political aspects. Questions on the Geography of India will relate to Physical,
Social and Economic Geography of the country, including the main features of Indian Agricultural and Natural Resources with special
reference to West Bengal. Questions of Indian Polity and Economy will test the knowledge of the country’s Political System,
Panchayatee Raj, Community Development and Planning in India, Questions on the Indian National Movement will relate to the
nature and character of the Nineteenth Century Resurgence, Growth of Nationalism and Attainment of Independence. General Mental
Ability will relate to Logical perception, understanding and natural conclusion.
SYLLABI FOR OPTIONAL PAPERS OF MAIN EXAMINATION
Paper – I : Section-A
1) Topics from the History of Bangla Language.
a) The chronological track from Proto Indo-European to Bangla (Family tree with branches and
b) Historical stages of Bangla (Old, Middle, New) and their linguistic features.
c) Dialects of Bangla and their distinguishing characteristics.
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d) Elements of Bangla Vocabulary.
e) Forms of Bangla Literary Prose-Sadhu and Chalit.
2) Process of Phonetic Changes in Bangla Language.
Apinihiti (Anaptyxis), Abhishruti (Umlaut), Samibhavan (Assimilation), Svarabhakti /
Viprakarsha, Svarasangati (Vowel harmony).
3) Problems of standardization and reform of alphabet and spelling and those of
transliteration and Romanization.
4) History of Bangla Literature.
a) Periodization of Bangla Literature: Old Bangla and Middle Bangla.
b) Roots and reasons behind the emergence of modernity in Bangla Literature.
c) Evolution of various Middle Bangla forms: Mangal kavyas, Vaishnava lyrics, Adapted
narratives (Ramayana, Mahabharata, Bhagavata) and religious biographies.
d) Narrative and lyric trends in the nineteenth century Bangla poetry.
e) Development of prose.
f) Bangla dramatic literature (nineteenth century, Tagore, Post-1944 Bangla drama).
5) Tagore and Post Tagoreans (upto the decade of fifties).
6) Fiction, major authors:
Bankimchandra, Tagore, Saratchandra, Bibhutibhusan, Tarasankar, Manik.
7) Women and Bangla Literature.
a) Swarna Kumari Devi, b) Ashapurna Devi, c) Mahasweta Devi, d) Rajlakshmi Devi, e) Kabita Singha,
f) Nabanita Deb Sen
Paper – II : Section – A
1) Vaishnava Padavali (Calcutta University Publication).
Phases (Parjayas): Gourchandrika, Purvaraga, Abhisar, Mathur, Prarthona.
2) Chandimangal: Kalketu episode by Mukunda (Sahitya Akademi).
3) Meghnadbadh Kavya by Michael Madhusudan Dutta – 1st, 2nd and 3rd cantos.
4) Rajani by Bankimchandra Chattopadhyay.
5) Kapalkundala by Bankimchandra Chattopadhyay.
6) Samya and Bangadesher Krishak by Bankimchandra Chattopadhyay.
7) Punascha by Rabindranath Tagore.
8) Bichitra Prabandha by Rabindranath Tagore.
9) Chacha Kahini by Sayed Muztaba Ali.
10) Chandragupta by Dwijendralal Roy.
11) Grihadaha by Saratchandra Chattopadhyay.
12) Adhunik Bangla Kabita
i) Saswati by Sudhindranath Dutta
ii) Rabindranath by Achintya Kumar Sengupta
iii) Aami Kabi Jata Kamarer by Premendra Mitra
iv) Bandir Bandana by Buddhadeb Basu
v) Amar Koifiat by Kazi Nazrul Islam
13) Prabandha Samgraha by Pramatha Choudhuri:
Selected Essays: Bharatchandra, Birbal, Boipara
14) Pather Panchali by Bibhutibhusan Bandyopadhyay
15) a) Ekaler Galpo Sanchayan – Vol.- 1 & 2 (Calcutta University Publication).
b) Selected Stories:
i) Payomukham by Jagadish Gupta
ii) Haraner Natjamai by Manik Bandyopadhyay
iii) Fossil by Subodh Ghosh
iv) Tope by Narayan Gangyopadhyay
v) Adab by Samaresh Bose
vi) Aswamedher Ghora by Dipendranath Bandyopadhyay
16) Shrestha Kavita by Jibanananda Das.
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17) Jagori by Satinath Bhaduri.
18) Ebam Indrajit by Badal Sircar.
Paper – I : SECTION-A
- Hindi Linguistic and Grammatical References
i. Definition of Language
ii. Difference between learning and parole
iii. Elements of Communication of Language
iv. Different aspects of Language
v. Units of language – Phonemes, Morphemes, Syntax, Discourse, Sementics.
- History of Hindi language and Nagari Lipi
i. History of Development of Hindi language (Short study)
ii. Development of Khari Boli Hindi as literary language and Lingua Franka
(Special context to Indian Freedom struggle and post Independent India)
iii. Area of Hindi Language
iv. Prominent Hindi dialects and inter relationship between the dialects
v. Grammatical structure of standard Hindi
vi. Scientific features of Nagari lipi
vii. Development of Hindi as a global language in the modern context
History of Hindi Literature:
- Tradition of writing History of Hindi Literature
- Literary trends of following four periods of Hindi Literature:
b) Madhya Kala :
i) Purva Madhyakala (Bhakti kala) (ii) Uttar Madhyakala (Riti Kala)
c) Adhunika Kala
A. ADIKALA- Prominent Poets and their works:
i) Sarhapa and Goraknath
ii) Chand Vardai and Narapati Nalha
iv) Abdur Rahman and Amir Khusro
B. PURVA MADHYAKALA (Bhakti kala) – Prominent Poets and their works:
i. Sant Kavyadhara – Kabir and Sahjo Bai
ii. Sufi Kavyadhara – Jayasi
iii. Krish Kavyadhara – Surdas and Meerabai
iv. Ram Kavyadhara -. Tulsidas
C. UTTARMADHYAKALA (Ritikala) – Prominent Poets and their works :
i. Ritibadh – Keshavdas
ii. Ritisiddha – Bihari
iii. Ritimukta -Ghananda
D. ADHUNIK KALA
- Trends of Navajagran (Renaissance)
- Development of Hindi Prose and contribution of Bhartendu Mondal
- Contribution of Mahavir Prasad Divedi towards the development of Hindi Prose
- Prominent trend of Modern Hindi Poetry-
Chahayavad, Pragtivad, Prayogvad, Nai Kavita, Samakalin Kavita and Ghazal, Sanavadi Kavita
- Prominent Poets – Maithili Sharan Gupta, Prasad, Nirala, Mahadevi, Dinkar,
Agyeya, Muktibodh, Nagarjun, Dushyant Kumar.
i) Development of Hindi Novels and short stories
ii) Prominent writers-Premchand, Jainendra, Prasad, Renu, Bhishma Sahani,
Yaspal, Chitra Mudgal, Mohan Rakesh and Krishna Sobti
DRAMA AND THEATRE
- Development of Hindi Drama and Stage
- Prominent Dramatists-Bhartendu, Prasad, Mohan Rakesh, Lakshmi Narayan Lal
- The development of Hindi Theatre
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- Development of Hindi Criticism
- Prominent Critics -Ramchandra Shukla, Hazari Prasad Divedi, Ram Vilas Sharma
Paper – II : (Textual studies of the prescribed text. This paper will test the critical and analytical aptitude of the
- Kabir – Kabir Vani, ed. by Parasnath Tiwari, first 25 padas
- Surdas – Bhramar Gitsar, ed. Ramchandra Sukla, first 25 padas
- Tulsidas-Vinay Patrika-Geeta Press, first 15 padas
- Bihari -Ritikavya Sanghra ed. Jagadish Gupta, first 25 dohas
- Prasad -Kamayani (Shraddha and Ira Sarga)
- Nirala -Saroj Smriti, Jago Phir Ek Bar
- Mahadevi Varma – Mai Neer Bhari Dukh ki Badli, Ravindra ke Mahaprasthan Par
- Agyeya-Asadhya Vina, Hamne Poudhey se kaha
- Nagarjun-Bahut Dino Ke Bad and Pret ka Byan.
- Dhumil-Mochiram, Roti Aur Sansad
- Sarveshvar Dayal Saxsena -Tumhare Sath Rah Kar, Soundryabodh
- Muktibodh – Mai Dur Hun, Bhool Galati
- Bharatendu – Andher Nagri
- Mohan Rakesh – Ashad Ka Ek Din
- Ramchandra Shukla-Shraddha Aur Bhakti, Krodha
- Premchand-Godan (Novel), Paush ki Raat, Badey Ghar ki Beti, Ahuti, Mukti Marg, Idgah (Stories)
- Prasad – Dhruswamini
- Phanishwar Nath Renu – Tisari Kasam, Panchlight, Rasapriya(Stories)
- Manu Bhandari – Mahabhoj
- Bhairv Prasad Gupta-Ganga Maiyya
- Harishankar Parasai – Matadin Chand Par, Viklanga Shraddha ka Dor
- Hazari Prasad Divedi-Vasant A Gaya, Devdar
Paper – I : (a) Sanskrit Linguistics:-.
(i) Indo European family of languages
(ii) Phonetic Laws-Grimm’s Law, Verner’s Law, Grassmann’s Law, Collitz’s Law
(iii) Phonetic Tendencies
(iv) Development of Sanskrit- Vedic and Classical Sanskrit, Non-Aryan Influence in
Sanskrit, Contribution of Sanskrit in Linguistic Studies
(b) Sanskrit Grammar- Siddhanta Kaumudi-Karaka and Samasa
(c) Translation from Vedic texts into English:-
(d) (i) Translation from Sanskrit into English
(ii) Translation from English into Sanskrit
(e) Paragraph in Sanskrit
Paper – II : (a) History of Vedic and Classical Sanskrit Literature:-
(i) Vedic- Samhita, Brahmana, Aranyaka, Upanisad, Vedanga
(ii) Classical- Ramayana, Mahabharata, Asvaghosa, Bhasa, Kalidasa, Sudraka, Visakhadatta,
Bhavabhuti, Bharavi, Bhotti, Magha, Dandi, Banabhatta.
(iii) Philosophical – Fundamental ideas of orthodox systems of Indian Philosophy
(iv) Technical – Chandas, Arthasastra, Architecture, Medicine, Mathematics
(b) Texts (Meant for general acquaintance and not for minute study)
(i) Kalidasa’s Abhijnanasakuntalam and Bhavabhuti’s Uttararamacaritam
(ii) Kalidasa’s Kumarasambhavam (Canto I – V ) and Bharavi’s Kiratarjuniyam (Canto I – V )
(iii) Manusamhita (Ch. VII Sl. I-144)
Paper – I : In Section A, candidates will have to write an essay. Texts for detailed study in Sections B and C are
An essay on a literary topic
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- William Shakespeare- -Macbeth -As You Like It
- Christopher Marlowe – Edward II
- John Donne- – ‘Canonization’; -‘ Death be not proud’; -‘The Good Morrow’
- Andrew Marvell-‘To His Coy Mistress’; -‘The Garden’
- John Milton-‘Lycidas’; -Paradise Lost, Book I
- Alexander Pope – The Rape of the Lock
- William Wordsworth- -‘Ode on Intimations of Immortality’; -‘Tintern Abbey’
- Samuel Taylor Coleridge -‘Kubla Khan’; -‘Dejection: an Ode’
- Percy Bysshe Shelley- – ‘Ode to the Westwind’ ; -‘ Ozymandias’
- John Keats- -‘Ode to a Nightingale’ -‘Ode on a Grecian Urn’
- Alfred Tennyson-‘Ulysses’; -‘The Lotus Eaters’; -‘Tithonus’
- Robert Browning-‘The Last Ride Together’
- Elizabeth Barrett Browning-‘ How do I love thee!’
- Jane Austen- Pride and Prejudice
- Charles Dickens-Great Expectations
- Thomas Hardy-The Mayor of Caster bridge
- Mark Twain-The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn
- Emily Bronte-Wuthering Heights
- Mary Shelley-Frankenstein
Paper – II : In Section A, candidates will have to respond critically to an Unseen Passage. Texts for detailed study in
Sections B and C are given below.
Critical analysis/response to an unseen passage in prose/verse
- W. B. Yeats-‘Easter 1916’;
-‘Sailing to Byzantium’;
-‘Leda and the Swan’
- T. S. Eliot-
-‘The Love Song of J. Alfred Prufrock’;
-‘The Journey of the Magi’;
- W.H. Auden-
-‘In Memory ofW.B.Yeats’;
-‘Lay your sleeping head, my love’;
-‘The Shield of Achilles’
- John Osborne-Look Back in Anger
- Samuel Beckett-Waiting for Godot
- Sylvia Plath –
- ‘Nick and the Candlestick’
- Henry Louis Vivian Derozio-‘To India My Native Land’;
- Kamala Das -‘ An Introduction’
- D.H. Lawrence-The Rainbow
- Raja Rao-Kanthapura
- Amitava Ghosh-The Shadow Lines
- Chinua Achebe-Things Fall Apart
- James Joyce -A Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man
- Rabindranath Tagore – ‘Crisis in Civilization’
- Virginia Woolf – ‘A Room of One’s Own’
Paper – I : Candidates shall have to answer five questions taking atleast one question from each group. Answer to
questions on Group-B, Group-D and Unit 3 of Group-C must be written in Pali language either in Bengali or
in Roman script. The remaining questions must be attempted in Pali or in Bengali or in English but in only
any one of these languages.
A) PALI LINGUISTICS :
Unit 1 – Concepts of Linguistics, Languages and Phonetic Laws.
Unit 2 – Concept of Homeland of Pali, Features of Pali, Pali as M.I.A., Pali & Sanskrit, Pali & Prakrits.
Unit 3 – Short notes on Phonetic Tendencies.
B) PALI GRAMMAR :
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Unit 1 – Sandhi, Samasa, Itthipaccaya.
Unit 2 – Karaka Vibhakti, Paccaya-Kita & Taddhita.
Unit 3 – Conjugation, Declension, Make Sentences.
C) TRANSLATIONS :
Unit 1 – Pali to English (unseen passages from poetry) with grammatical notes on any two words.
Unit 2 – Pali to English (unseen passages from prose) with grammatical notes on any two words.
Unit 3 – English to Pali.
D) ESSAY IN PALI consisting of 200 words on any one of the following topics:
Gotama Buddha, Tipiţaka, Dhamma – Vinaya, Sammāsambuddha, Paccekabuddha, Bodhisatta,
Majjhima paţipadā, Ariyaaţţhangikamagga, Cattāriariyasaccāni, Dukkha, Paţiccasamuppāda, Nibbāna,
Dukkhanirodhagāminīpaţipadā, Tilakkhana, Anicca, Anattā, Kammavāda.
Paper – II : Candidates shall have to answer any three questions from Section -A and any two from Section-B. Answers
of questions belonging to Section-B must be answered in Pali language in Bengali or in Roman script. The
remaining three questions must be attempted in any one of the following three languages – Pali, Bengali,
SECTION – A
A) History of Canonical Literature : Vinayapitaka, Suttapitaka & Abhidhammapitaka.
B) Non-Canonical Literature : Extra-Canonical (Anupitaka), Commentaries (Atthakathas), Vamsa
C) History of Early Buddhism : Pre-Buddhist India, Life of Buddha, Royal Patronage, Origin of Samgha.
D) Development of Buddhism : Buddhist Councils (1st, 2nd, 3rd & 4th); Buddhist Schools and Sects;
Spread and Decline of Buddhism.
SECTION – B
E) CRITICAL STUDY OF SELECTED PALI TEXTS
UNIT-I POETRY TEXTS
DHAMMAPADA – Yamakavagga, Appamadavagga, Cittavagga, Maggavagga, Buddhavagga
SUTTANIPATA – Pabbajja Sutta, Padhana Sutta, Karaniya Mettasutta, Khaggavisanasutta,
Parayanavagga – Vatthugatha.
THERAGATHA – Kaccayana, Talaputa, Silava THERIGATHA – Ambapali, Subha Jivakambabanika, Kisagotami
UNIT-II PROSE TEXTS
Dhammacakkapavattana Sutta, Mahaparinibbana Sutta, Ariyapariyesana Sutta, Singalovada Sutta,
Kutadanta Suttanta. How women were admitted to the Sangha, Milindapanha-Bahirakatha, Marriage of
Visakha, Annihilation of the Sakiyas, Sibi Jataka, Dasaratha Jataka
Explanation of Pali quotations from the prescribed texts in Pali language.
Ref.: www.vipassanaresearchinstitute.com for Pali texts
Ref.: B.A. Pali Selection, Prose & Poetry, Calcutta University Publication
B.A. Pali (Hon.) Selection, Calcutta University Publication
M.A. Pali Selection, Prose & Poetry, Calcutta University Publication
F) CRITICAL STUDY OF CHANDA AND ALAMKARA (Answers to be written in Pali language)
UNIT-I – VUTTODAYA _ – Samavutta Chanda
UNIT-II – SUBODHALANKARA – Yamaka, Upama, Rupaka, Vyatireka,
Paper – I : (a) Arabic linguistics; (b) Arabic grammar; (c) Translation from Arabic into English; (d) Translation from
English into Arabic; (e) Arabic rhetoric and prosody.
Paper – II : (a) History of Arabic literature; (b) Texts (meant for general acquaintance and not for minute study) : (1)
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Diwan-Ibn-ul-Fariz; (2) Sab’a Mu’allaqa; (3) Sirat-Ibn-i-Hisham; (4) Muqaddama-Ibn-i-Khaldun.
Paper – I : (a) Persian linguistics (Persian and Indo-European family of languages; Aryan or Indo_Iranian branch,
evolution of Persian language, Old Persian, Avestan language, Middle Persian or Pahlavi, Modern Persian,
Iranian dialects, Persian influence on Indian languages); (b) Persian grammar; (c) Translation from Persian
into English; (d) Translation from English into Persian; (e) Persian rhetoric and prosody.
Paper – II : (a) History of Persian literature (Origin of Persian poetry, Early poets, Development of poetic forms-qasida,
ghazal, masnavi,, etc. Growth of poetic themes or trendsepic, romantic, mystical, philosophical, ethical,
etc. Survey of prose-works-historical, mystical, ethical, biographical, etc. Literary progress in different
periods of Iranian history. Contributions of eminent poets and writers. Modern poetry, Modern prose, IndoPersian literature); (b) Texts (meant for general acquaintance and not for minute study) : (1) Shahnama of
Firdausi; (2) Chahar Maqala of Nizami Aruzi; (3) Qasaid-iKhaqani; (4) Diwan-i-Hafiz; (5) Masnavi of Jalaluddin Rumi; (6) Naldaman of Fayzi.
Paper – I : Translation from French into English, Translation from English into French, French Grammar.
Paper – II : History of French Literature, Texts, Texts (meant for general acquaintance and not for minute study) :
(1) Prose-Ronsard : Deveres choisies (Classique Larosusse) – 2 volumes, Pierre Loti; La roman d’um
enfant; (2) Poetry-Ronsard : Poesies choisies (Classique Larosusse)-2 volumes. Musset : Poesies nouvelles.
Drama-Moliers : L’Avare, Corneilles : La Cid.
Paper – I : (Answer must be written in Urdu)
Section – A
- Development of Urdu Language :-
a) Development of Indo-Aryan
i) Old Indo-Aryan
ii) Middle Indo Aryan
iii) New Indo Aryan
b) Western Hindi and its dialects :-
i) Brij Bhasha, Maghrabi Hindi Aur Uski Mukhtalif Boliyan & Haryanvi
ii) Theories about the origin of Urdu Language
c) Daccani Urdu origin and Development, its significant linguistic feature.
d) Fort William College and its contribution to Urdu Literature.
Section – B
- Genres and their development :-
A. Poetry :-
i. Ghazal, Qasida, Masnavi, Marsia, Nazm and Rubai.
a) Ghazal :-
i) Wali :- Intekhab-e-wali compiled by Nurul HasanHashmi – (First five Ghazals)
ii) Mir :- Intekhab-e-Mir compiled by Maulvi Abdul Haq –
( First five Ghazals)
iii) Ghalib :- Diwane-Ghalib ( First five Ghazals)
Faiz Ahmed Faiz :- Naqsh-e-Faryadi, (first five Ghazals)
Nasir Kazmi :- Barg-e-Ne ( first five Ghazals)
Shaharyar :- Hijr ke Mausam ( First five Ghazals)
Qasida : Dar Tazhik-e-Rozgar – Sauda.
Masnavi : Sahrul Bayan – Mir Hasan
Marsia; i) Jab Badban-e-Kashti Shahe Umam Gira – Mir Anis
ii) Kis Sher ki Amad hai Ke Run Kanp Raha hai – Mirza Dabir
Nazm; Banjara Nama – Nazir Akbarabadi Masjide Qartaba – Iqbal
Tanhai – Faiz Ahmed Faiz
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Ek Ladka – Akhtarul Iman
Taslise Hayat – Pervez Shahedi Rubai; i. Khenche Huwe Sar Ko Kahan jata hai – Mir Anis ii.Ek Fitna hai Naqeson Mein Kamil hona – Josh Malihabadi
iii.Aa Ae Mani-e-Kayenat Mujh Mein Aaja – Firaq Gorakhpuri
- Significant features of :-
a) i) Lucknow School
ii) Delhi School
b) i) Sir Sayed Movement ii) Progressive Movement
Paper – II : Answer must be written in Urdu
(This paper will require first hand reading of the texts prescribed and will be designed to test the
candidates critical ability)
Section – A
- Bagho Bahar Mir Aman Dehalvi
- Abe Hayat (Dibacha) Md. Hussain Azad
- Ood-e-Hindi Asadullah Khan Ghalib
- Ghubar-e- Khatir Maulana abul Kalam Azad
- Godan Munshi Prem Chand
- Lajwanti Rajindra Singh Bedi
- Toba Tek Singh Sa’adat Hassan Manto
- Maqualate sir syed (Ta’asub, Sir Syed Ahmed Khan
Tahzib, Rasm-o-Rewaj ki Pabandi
Ke Nuqsanat, Khushamad)
- Ganjhaye Giramaya Rasheed Ahmed Siddiqui
(Maulana Md. Ali Johar,
Mukhtar Ahmed Ansari,
Md. Aqbal, Ayub Abbasi,
- Safaid Khoon Agha Hashr Kashmiri
Section – B
Literary criticism and its development with reference to :-
i. Muqaddama sher-o-shaeri – Altaf Hussain Hali
ii. Tanquidi Nazaryat – Ehtasham Hussain
iii. Urdu Tanquid Per Ek Nazar- Kalimuddin Ahmed
iv. Adab aur zindagi -Majnu Gorakhpuri
v. Tanquidi Afkar -Shamsur Rahman Farooqui
Section – C
(Compulsory, covering literary and imaginative topics).
Paper – I : Question Papers are to be set in ‘OLCHIKI’ script and Answers should also be given in ‘OLCHIKI’ script.
Section – A
- Topic from the History of Santali Language:
a) The chronological track from Austro-Asiatic-Austric to Santali (Family tree with branches and
b) Historical stages of Santali (Old, Middle and New) and their Linguistic features with Santali
c) Santali languages and its Dialects and their distinguishing characteristic;
d) Elements of Santali Vocabulary;
e) Forms of Santali literary prose (Relevant with personal relations);
- Process of Phonetic changes in Santali languages and necessity of ‘OLCHIKI’ script.
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- Problems of standardization and reform of alphabet and spelling and those of transliteration and
inevitability of ‘OLCHIKI’ Script. Ill effects of use of other script in writing Santali excepting
Section – B
- History of Santali literature:
a) Periodization of Santali literature: Old and Middle Santali literature;
b) Roots and reasons behind the emergence of modernity in Santali literature;
c) Evolution of Santali oral literatures like ‘Binti’, ‘Bankher’, ‘Thuti’, Serwa Sereng (Traditional
songs) and the ‘Jamsimbinti’- the scripture of SARIDHARAM religion;
d) Narrative and lyric trends in the nineteenth century Santali poetry;
e) Development of Santali prose;
f) Santali dramatic literature (Nineteenth century, Pandit Raghunath Murmu, Sadhuram Chand
Murmu and Post 1946 Santali drama);
- Majhi Ramdas Tudu (Reska), Sadhuram Chand Murmu and Pandit Raghunath Murmu (Upto 1950).
- Fiction – Major Authors :
Majhi Ramdas Tudu (Reska), Sadhuram Chand Murmu, Pandit Raghunath Murmu, Paul Jujar Saren,
Narayan Saren (Toresutam), Sarada Prasad Kisku (Totko Malang), Nayke Mongal Chandra Saren,
Domon Sahu Samir.
Paper – II : Question Papers are to be set in ‘OLCHIKI’ script and Answers should also be given in ‘OLCHIKI’ script.
Section – A
- SADHURAM CHAND ANOLMALA (A total collection of Sadhuram Chand Murmu) – April, 1997,
Department of Information & Cultural Affairs, Govt. of West Bengal:
i) Marang Buru Dharam Sari Page – 19
ii) Ana terang horko Dusao Kana Page – 11
iii) Deban tengon adibasi bir Page – 61
(All from ol daha anarhe)
iv) Bhorom nasao Page – 85
v) Jati Milan Page – 93
vi) Kolkata renah bharak Page – 155
vii) Bah julung Page – 151
(All from ‘Aldaha anarhe’)
viii) Jamsimbinti Page – 204
ix) Dharti Dhasao Page – 208
x) Manmi Reah Bad Borket Page – 283 – 304
(All from Lita Godet)
- (HORKOREN MARE HAPRAM KOREYAH KATHA) Rev. L. O. Skrefsud:
i) AAD KHON MANOA REAH BIBORAN – Page – 1-19
ii) DHARAM AAR SERWOA – Page – 203-249
- Kherwal Bansha Dharam Puthi – Rajhi Ramdas Tudu (Reska)
Karmu ar kharmu reyah – Karambinti Galmarao – Page – 68-102
- Sansar Phend – A Drama by Sadhuram Chand Murmu
- Bidu Chandan – A Drama by Pandit Raghunath Murmu
- Sidu Kanu Santal Hool – A Drama by Pandit Raghunath Murmu
- The Jamsim Binti By Nayke Mongal Ch. Saren
Section – B
- Pandit Raghunath Murmu (Biography) By Ramchanda Murmu
- Santal Folk Tales (Collected) Vol-I By P. O. Bodding
- a) SAOHEND MOHANK – A collection of selected Essays By Subodh Hansda and
b) AYO AARANG TE OLOH – Pandit Raghunath Murmu
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c) SANTARI PARSI AARSAOHET – Sarada Prasad Kisku
d) SANTARI TULAJAKHA SAOHET – Gomosta Prasad Saren
- a) SAI SERMA RENAH ANORHE – A collection of Santali Poems of 100 year with
b) NIDA YUNTA – Sarada Prasad Kisku
c) DHARAM GE SARIYA – Mondal Hembram
d) MAYAJAL – Narayan Saren (Tore Sutaru)
- MIT GEL HOR KAHNI SALAH MIT SAI MIT KAHNI – A collection of Ten Santali Folk Tales and 101
- ‘Paschimbangla’ (Sadhu Ramchand Murmu Memorial Edition – Govt. of West Bengal).
- Saotal Bidraher 150 Bochhor – ‘Paschimbanga’ special issue.
COMPARATIVE LITERATURE :
Paper – I : 2 (a) Theories of Literature : Dates terms and Concepts.
3 (b) Literature of the Ancient World; (i) Indian, (ii) Western
4 (c) Bangla Sahitya : 1 (Baishnab Padabali theke Bankimchandra)
5 (d) Bangla Sahitya : 2 (Rabindranath o Uttorkaal)
6 (e) Bengali Literature in Translation
7 (f) Indian Literature other than Bengali in Translation
Paper – II : Western Literature –
1 (a) 800 – 1400 A.D. (including Song of Ronald, Tristan and representative writings of Troubadour
Minnesang, Dante, Petrarch, Boccaccio and Chaucer).
(b) 1400 – 1616 A.D. (including representative writings of Villon, Ronsard, Spencer, Machiavelli,
Rableis, Montaigne and Shakespeare).
(c) 1616 – 1749 A.D. (including representative writings of Moliere, Racine, Swift, Voltaire and
(d) 1749 – 1832 A.D. (including representative writings of Goethe, Schiller, Heine, Wordsworth,
Coleridge, Shelley, Keats, Scott, Rene, Lamartine, Vigny, Hugo and Musset).
(e) 1832 – 1910 A.D. (including representative writings of Whitman, Baudelaire, Verlaine,
Laforgue, lbsen, Balzac, Tolstoy, Maupassant and Chekhov).
(f) 1910 to the Present times (including representative writings of Yeats, Eliot, Frost, Rilke,
Mayakovsky, Eluard, Neruda, Hervert, Kafka, Marquez and lonesco).
Paper – I : Agro-ecological factors- plant growth and distribution. Distribution of crops according to region. Role of
climate and weather of crop production, weather forecasting including modern methods. Greenhouse
effect and global warming. Precision farming- Remote Sensing (RS) and Geographic Information system
Cropping pattern and cropping system-distribution, objectives, types and impact on high yielding
varieties, scope and limitations.
Package and practices of cereals (rice, wheat, maize), pulses (green gram, black gram, red gram, lentil
and peas), oil seeds (mustard, sesamum, ground nut, linseed, sunflower); fibre crops (Jute, sunhemp,
mesta); sugarcane and forage crops (Sorghum, napier, para, berseem, Lucerne, ricebean, cowpea, oat,
Weeds- definition, characteristics, dessimination and control.
Agroforestry-Definition of forest, scope of various types of forest – social forest, rural forest, urban forest,
farm forestry; forest products. Aforestation. Conservation.
Soil- definition, process and factors of soil formation, soil properties and soil conservation. Soilfertility –
problems of soil and their reclamation.
Nutrition- essential elements, role of nutrients on plants, integrated nutrient management and
Water use efficiency and dryland farming- water use efficiency in relation to crops production. Criteria for
scheduling irrigation. Methods and systems of irrigation. Rainwater harvesting.
Dryland farming – definition, prospects and problems. Techniques for establishment and management.
Farm management – scope, importance and characteristics, farm planning, farm budgeting and farm
Agro-economics – function and crop insurance.
Agril-extension – importance and role, methods of evaluation of extension programme. Role of KVK in
technology transfer. Role and scope of Information Technology in Indian Agriculture. Livelihood
management through agriculture (Self Help Group in agriculture).
Marketing – its channels, pricing, marketing intelligence, storage with special references to cold storage
and wirehouse. Distribution- public distribution system.
Paper – II : Crop improvement- Cell structure and functions, law of heredity, chromosome structure and aberrations,
Page 12 of 52
polyploidy. Mutation breeding.
History of plant breeding. Mode of reproduction, selfing and crossing techniques. Crop genetic resources –
conservation and utilization. Application of principles of plant breeding. Breeding methods.
Heterosis,somatic hybridization. Molecular markers, DNA finger printing and genetically modified crops.
Principles of plant physiology; absorption, translocation, photosynthesis and respiration (definition,
process, factors affecting and significance). Growth and development, photoperiodism, plant growth
substances (definition, classification and role).Stress-physiology.
Seed production, testing, certification and storage.
Cultivation practices of major commercial fruits, vegetables, flowers, plantation and spices, medicinal and
aromatic crops. Landscaping- principles, features and designs. Postharvest technology. Protected
cultivation of horticultural crops.
Pests and diseases of commercially important fruit, vegetables, flowers, plantation & spices, medicinal
and aromatic crops. IPM.
Food and nutrient security. Scope for export of agricultural products.
ANIMAL HUSBANDRY AND VETERINARY SCIENCE :
Paper – I : 1. ANIMAL NUTRITION
1.1 Livestock Feeds : Common feeds and fodder and their classification. Proximate analysis of feed
1.2 Energy Nutrition : Energy sources, Measures of food energy and their application such as Gross
Energy, Digestible Energy, Metabolisable Energy, Net Energy, Total Digestible Nutrients. Energy
requirement for maintenance, growth, pregnancy and lactation in milk producing livestock.
1.3 Protein Nutrition: Biological value of protein, Protein efficiency ratio, digestible crude protein.
Use of NPN in ruminants, bypass protein. Protein requirements for maintenance, growth, pregnancy and
lactation in milk producing livestock. Improvement of poor quality roughages.
1.4 Mineral and Vitamin Nutrition : Major and trace minerals, their sources, physiological
functions and deficiency symptoms. Role of vitamins, their sources and deficiency symptoms.
1.5 Feed Additives: Role of probiotics, prebiotics, antibiotics, enzymes, antioxidants, buffers, mould
inhibitors and methane inhibitors. Antinutritional and toxic factors present in livestock feed and fodder.
1.6 Storage & Conservation of Feeds and Fodders: Storage of feed ingredients. Conservation of
fodder through hay and silage making and their use in livestock feeding.
1.7 Computation of Ration: Balanced ration, Formulation of ration and feeding of dairy cattle and
buffaloes during different phases of growth and production (young, pregnant, lactating and dry animals).
Formulation of ration and feeding of sheep,goat, pig and poultry.
- LIVESTOCK PRODUCTION MANAGEMENT
2.1 Breeds : Various indigenous breeds of livestock including poultry; Exotic breeds experienced in
India; Origin, distribution and breed descriptor of important breeds.
2.2 Farm Animal Practices : Dentition and ageing of animals. Disbudding, marking of animals,
Grooming, Dipping, Castration, Isolation, quarantine, Disinfection and
disposal of carcasses. Drug administration, Vices of animals, their prevention and care.
2.3 Dairy Farming : Opportunities in dairy farming, Dairying under mixed and as specialized
farming. Management of calves, heifer, pregnant, lactating and dry animals, bulls and bullocks. Housing
systems, Layout and design of different buildings for dairy animals. Methods of milking and precautions.
Factors affecting quality and quantity of milk. Organic Livestock Production.
2.4 Fodder Production : Importance of grasslands and fodders in livestock production. Feed and
fodder requirements of individual animal. Supply of greens throughout the year. Scarcity fodder,
Recycling of animal wastes and washings for fodder production.
2.5 Sheep and Goat Farming : Homestead farming vs. Commercial farming, Goat as poor man’s
2.6 Poultry Production : Economic Importance of commercial poultry farming, Backyard poultry
farming. Brooding management. Incubation and hatching, Management of broilers, layers and breeder
flock. Designer egg.
- ANIMAL GENETICS AND BREEDING
3.1 Principles of Genetics : Mitosis and Meiosis. Mendelian inheritance, deviation to Mendelian
genetics. Expression of genes. Linkage and crossing over. Sex linked, sex influenced, and sex limited
characters. Cytoplasmic inheritance, chromosomal aberrations, Gene and its structure, DNA as a genetic
material, genetic code and protein synthesis, Recombinant DNA technology, Transgenesis.
3.2 Population Genetics : Quantitative and qualitative traits. Gene and genotype frequency, HardyWeinberg Law and its application. Inbreeding and methods of estimating inbreeding coefficient.
Heritability, repeatability, genetic and phenotypic correlations and environmental interaction.
3.3 Animal Breeding : Basis of selection such as individual, pedigree, family, progeny testing.
Methods of Selection. Methods of breeding – Inbreeding, out breeding, upgrading, cross breeding.
Crossing of inbred lines for commercial production. Sire index.
- ANIMAL REPRODUCTION
Page 13 of 52
4.1 Hormone in reproduction : Hormones related to reproduction, mechanism of action, control of
secretion and negative feed back mechanism of hormonal regulation. Releasing and tropic hormones of
4.2 Andrology : Puberty, sexual maturity and libido. Factors causing infertility in males. Components
of semen, physical and chemical properties of semen. Preservation of semen and artification
insemination. Deep freezing of semen.
4.3 Gynaecology : Symptoms of heat, detection of oestrus and time of insemination for optimal
conception. Anoestrus and repeat breeding. Silent heat. Management of buffaloes in summer for better
- LIVESTOCK PRODUCTS TECHNOLOGY
5.1 Milk and milk products : Milk industry in India. Composition and nutritive value of milk. Physicochemical properties of milk Quality testing of raw milk. Processing, packaging, storing, distribution and
marketing of milk. Pasteurized, standardized, toned, doubled toned, homogenized, reconstituted,
recombined and flavoured milk. Various milk products such as Cream, Butter, Ghee, Khoa, Channa,
Cheese, Condensed, evaporated and dried milk. Preparation of cultured milk such as yoghurt, Dahi, Lassi
5.2 Meat and meat products : Meat industry of India.Ante mortem care and management of food
animals, stunning, slaughter and dressing. Meat inspection. Physical and chemical characteristics of meat.
Method of meat preservation such as curing, canning, irradiation, packaging.
5.3 Poultry products Technology : Composition and nutritive value of poultry meat and eggs.
Slaughtering techniques. Grading of eggs. Structure, composition and nutritive value of eggs.
5.4 Milk and meat hygiene : Clean milk production. Hygienic method of handling meat and meat
products. Adulteration of milk and its detection. Legal standards of milk.
- EXTENSION EDUCATION
6.1 Concept of Sociology : Man and animal relationship, Society, Community, Association and
Institution. Social groups, its types and function.
6.2 Principles of Extension : Basic philosophy, objective and concept. Methods adopted to educate
farmers under rural condition, generation of technology, its transfer and feedback. Animal Husbandry
Programmes for rural development.
Paper – II : 1. VETERINARY ANATOMY, PHYSIOLOGY AND BIOCHEMISTRY
(i) VETERINARY ANATOMY
Osteology, arthrology and myology: Classification, physical properties and structure of long
bones, joints and muscle. Study of skeleton of Pectoral, Pelvic gardles, Skull and vertebral bones of
Splanchology : Gross morphology and topography of visceral organs of thoracic, abdominal and
Neurology and asthesiology : Basic structural organization of nervous system (CNS, PNS, ANS), Eye and
Anatomy of fowl : Parts of female reproductive tracts of fowl and their role in egg formation. Organs of
Blood : Constituents of blood, blood cell formation, haemoglobin synthesis, coagulation of blood,
hemorrhagic, disorders, anticoagulants. Biochemical tests for assessing liver and kidney function.
Circulatory System : Haemodynamics of circulation, physiology of heart function, Cardiac Cycle, regulation
of cardiac output, coronary circulation and ECG, blood pressure and hypertension, osmotic regulation,
Excretion : Structure and function of nephron, formation of urine. Regulation of electrolyte and
acid-base balance, sweat glands and their function.
Respiration: Mechanism of respiration, Transport and exchange of gases in lungs and tissues.
Neural control of respiration and hypoxia.
Environmental Physiology : Climate change, climatological variables and their importance in animal
ecology and behaviour. Effect of environmental stress on health and production.
Physiology of Milk Production : Hormonal control of mammary growth, lactogenesis and galactopoiesis.
Letting down and holding up of milk.
Biochemistry of carbohydrate, protein, lipids, enzymes, co-enzymes, co-factors and their role in
metabolism; Biochemistry of blood and body fluids.
- PHARMACOLOGY AND TOXICOLOGY
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Pharmacology : Principles of drug activity such as pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics.
Concept of drug and receptor. Does response relationship. Adverse drug reaction, drug interaction.
Biopharmaceuticals and gene therapy Antimicrobials, antifungal and principles of chemotherapy in
Toxicology : Fundamentals and scope of toxicology. Toxicity due to insecticides, organo phosphates,
heavy metals, non-metals, micotoxins and their ameliorative measures. Toxic plants.
- BASIC VETERINARY MICROBIOLOGY, PATHOLOGY AND PARASITOLOGY
Microbiology: Marphology and classification, cultivation and identification of microbes related to
animal diseases. Transmission of infections, sterilization and disinfactants.
Pathology: Pathogenesis and Pathognomic lesions in important microbial diseases of livestock.
Parasitology: Morphology and pathogenesis of important helminthic and protozoal diseases in
livestock like ascariasis, facioliasis, Trypanosomiasis etc.
- ANIMAL DISEASES:
Infectious diseases : Etiology, symptoms, diagnosis and control of important bacterial, protozoal
and viral diseases of domestic livestock and poultry, such as Anthrax, HS, BQ, Brucellosis, FMD, Hog
Cholera, PPR, Goat Pox, Rabies, RD, IBD, Trypanosomiasis, Babesiosis, Coccidiosis etc.
Production/metabolic diseases : Etiology, symptoms, treatment and control of important
metabolic diseases such as milk fever, ketosis, pregnancy toxaemia, hypomagnesemia of domestic
Systemic states and diseases : Fever, hyperthermia, hypothermia, toxaemia, septicaemia, bloat,
impaction, diarrhoea, dehydration and snake bite.
Herd health Management : Herd immunity, disease free zones, chemotherapeutics and
chemoprophylaxis for herd health. Vaccination and deworming schedule of livestock and poultry.
Surgical intervention : Diagnosis and surgical intervention in fracture, hernia, choking,
ruminotomy, castration and Caesarian section.
- VETERINARY PUBLIC HEALTH AND EPIDEMIOLOGY
Epidemiology : Principles and applications of epidemiological measures in the study of diseases
and their control. National and international regulations on livestock diseases.
Zoonoses : Socio-economic importance of zoonotic diseases. Role of animals in transmission of
zoonotic diseases. Occupational zoonotic diseases.
Animal Welfare and Jurisprudence : Role of veterinarian in animal welfare. Animal Welfare Board
of India. Role and function of Committee for the Purpose of Controlling and Supervising Experiments in
Animals (CPCSEA), Common offences against animals. Examination of living and dead animals in criminal
- WILD / ZOO / LAB ANIMAL HEALTH CARE
Method of handling and restrant of Wild animals. Conservation of wild life. Management and
feeding practice and housing of Wild, Zoo and Laboratory animals.
Paper – I : 1. Introducing anthropology: Meaning and scope of anthropology.
Major branches of anthropology:
1.1 Main branches of Anthropology, their scope and relevance :
(a) Social-cultural Anthropology,
(b) Biological Anthropology,
(c) Archaeological Anthropology,
(d) Linguistic Anthropology.
1.2 Brief outline of the growth of anthropology. Enlightenment. Colonialism and anthropology.
- Human evolution and Hominization process :
2.1 Theories of organic evolution. Human evolution and emergence of Man :
(a) Biological and Cultural factors in human evolution,
(b) Theories of Organic Evolution (Pre-Darwinian, Darwinian and Post-Darwinian),
(c) Synthetic theory of evolution; Brief outline of terms and concepts of evolutionary biology.
2.2 Neutral theory of molecular evolution.
2.3 Concept of evolutionary biology: Skeletal changes, (skull, vertebral column, pelvic girdle, hind limb).
2.4 Characteristics of primates, Primate classification (general), Features and distribution of New
World Monkey, Old World Monkey, Asian and African Apes.
2.5 Theories of human origin.
2.6 Geological time scale with special reference to Pleistocene epoch.
Page 15 of 52
2.7 Distribution, characteristics and phylogenetic status :
(b) Dryopithecus, Sivapithecus
(c) Australopithecus africanus, Australopithecus afarensis, Homo habilis
(d) Homo erectus (Java Man, Peking Man)
(e) Archaic Homo sapiens
(f) Neanderthal Man – La-chapelle-Aux-Saints, Tabun Man
(g) Anatomically Modern Homo sapiens – Cromagnon, Grimaldi, Chancelade
- Human Genetics :
3.1 Methods – Mendelism, Twin-study, Cytogenetics, Population genetics.
3.2 Biological basis of inheritance: DNA structure and replication, Restriction Fragment Length
Polymorphism (RFLP), Variable Number of Tandem Repeat(s) (VNTRs), Short Tandem Repeat(s) (STRs)
protein synthesis, gene, allele, cell division.
3.3 Concept of Human Genome : nuclear genome, mitochondrial genome, Chromosome and
chromosomal aberrations in man (Numerical and structural aberrations, point mutation), Satellite DNA.
3.4 Patterns of inheritance – autosomal, sex-chromosomal, multifactorial, polygenic, sex
determination, sex influenced.
3.5 Application of human genetics – consanguinity, inbreeding, genetic load, genetic counselling,
forensic anthropology, personal identification, paternity identification, DNA fingerprinting,
- Human variation :
4.1 Concept of Race, racism.
4.2 Basis of variation – Morphological (hair, eye) metric (stature, head shape), Polymorphic (genetic
marker) – blood group (ABO, Rh), Hb, PGM, HP, Y-chromosome STR, mtDNA.
4.3 Concept of Human physique and somatotype.
4.4 Concept of ethnic groups – Mongoloid, Caucasoid, Negroid, Australoid.
- Human Growth and Nutrition :
5.1 Concept of human growth, stages of growth – Pre-natal, Post-natal, Adolescent.
5.2 Factors affecting the growth and development – genetic, environmental, nutritional, socioeconomic.
5.3 Methodology of growth study.
- Concept of Health and disease :
6.1 Concept of Communicable and Non-Communicable diseases. (Malaria and Type-2 diabetes
respectively). Nutrition Deficiency related diseases.
6.2 Nutrition – concept of Macro and Micro nutrients and Deficiency.
- Human adaptation :
7.1 Concept of Human adaptation and acclimatization – hot, cold and high altitude. Bergman’s and
7.2 Anthropometry and its uses in understanding human adaptation (BMI and CI), Physiological
variable (blood pressure, pulse rate), Body composition (fat patterning).
- Cultural evolution :
8.1 Tool typology and technology of tool manufacturing.
8.2 Excavation, Exploration, Site survey, Application of GIS
8.3 Concept of Dating: Absolute (C14, K-Ar) Relative (Dendrochronology and Stratigraphy).
8.4 Features and distribution of prehistoric cultures with reference to India and Europe :
(e) Iron Age.
- Theories and concept of culture and society :
9.1 Brief outline of Anthropological Theories: Evolutionism, Diffusionism, Functionalism,
Structuralism, Symbolism and Interpretative Approach, Post-structuralism and Post-modernism –
Hermeneutics and Phenomenological Anthropology.
9.2 Concept (brief outline): Social structure, Social organization, Gender, Institution, Group,
Page 16 of 52
- Culture and civilization :
10.1 Definition and features of culture and civilization.
10.2 Cultural relativism, Acculturation, Enculturation, Diffusion, Cultural lag, World view, Symbol.
10.3 Anthropological approaches to the study of civilization.
- Elements of social organization :
11.1 Family – Definition, Types, functions, recent changes.
11.2 Marriage – Definition, Types, functions, recent changes.
Marriage payments (dowry and bride wealth). Incest regulation, Preferential and prescribed forms of
11.3 Kinship – Definition of kinship system. Importance, Types of kinship systems, kin term
11.4 Rules of Descent and alliance, Rules of residence, Descent groups.
- Economic Anthropology :
12.1 Concept and approaches.
12.2 Major ways of subsistence – Hunting-gathering, Pastoralism, Horticulture and Settled Agriculture.
12.3 Production, Distribution (Reciprocity, Market exchange, Re-distribution), Consumption, Gift
- Political anthropology :
13.1 Definition and approach.
13.2 Power, authority, social control, law, social sanction, governance.
13.3 Concepts of Band, Tribe, Chiefdom and State.
13.4 Political movement – Approaches of study, Types of socio-political movements (Revitalization,
Messianic, Social solidarity, regional and Ethnic).
13.5 Ethnicity – Definition, concept of ethnic boundary.
- Anthropology of religion :
14.1 Definition of religion, functions of religion.
14.2 Approaches to the study of religion (intellectual, psychological, functional, interpretative).
14.3 Concepts: Myth, magic, witchcraft, sorcery, taboo, totem, divination, rituals, symbolism in
14.4 Religious specialists – shaman, witch-doctor, priest.
- Social stratification :
15.1 Definition and features.
15.3 Types – Caste and class.
15.4 Concepts: Status, role, age-set/age-grade, social mobility.
- Ecological anthropology :
16.1 Definition, scope and approaches/methods of ecological anthropology.
16.2 Concept of culture ecology.
- Emerging fields of social-cultural anthropology :
17.1 Development anthropology – Definition and scope, development, globalization.
17.2 Legal anthropology and Human Rights.
17.3 Anthropology of communication – visual anthropology, mass media, popular culture.
17.4 Anthropology of gender.
- Basic methods of data collection and interpretation :
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18.1 Qualitative and quantitative approaches, ethnography, fieldwork.
18.2 Basic methods/techniques of data collection – observation (special reference participant
observation), interview, case study, schedule, questionnaire, genealogy, PRA and RRA.
18.3 Application of statistical principles – Descriptive statistics – central tendency (mean, median,
mode), standard deviation, standard error, Testing of hypothesis: t-test, chi-square test.
Paper – II : 1. History and Development of Anthropology in India :
1.1 Colonialism and Anthropology in India.
1.2 Phases of development and major trends of Anthropology in India.
1.3 Idea of Indian tradition of Anthropology. Contribution of Indian scholars : S.C.Roy, N.K. Bose, M.N.
Srinivas, D.N. Majumdar, T.C. Das, S.C. Sinha and S.S. Sarkar.
- Evolution of Indian culture and civilization :
2.1 Prehistoric cultures: Palaeolithic, Mesolithic, Neolithic, Chalcolithic, Iron age.
2.2 Indus Valley Civilization (origin, distribution, features with special reference to architectural,
socio-economic and religious; decline; Indus script.)
2.3 Vedic society (early and late): Society, economy and polity.
2.4 Contribution of tribal cultures to Indian civilization.
2.5 Ethnoarchaeology in India with special reference to mortuary practices and
- Emergence of man in India and contemporary variation :
3.1 Fossil remains in India: Ramapithecus, Narmada man.
3.2 Classification of Indian population: H.H. Risley, B.S. Guha and S.S. Sarkar.
3.3 Contemporary classification based on morphology, anthropometry and genetic
markers (ABO, Hb, HP, mtDNA).
- Demographic Profile of India :
4.1 Demography: concept, theories and methods.
4.2 Structure and features of Indian population; Rates and Ratios : Fertility, Mortality; Factors
influencing fertility and mortality. Dynamics of demography in rural, urban and tribal contexts. Migration
and effects of migration.
4.3 Linguistic elements in Indian population (Grierson and S.K.Chatterjee).
- Anthropological approaches to Indian civilization :
5.1 Cultural categories of ancient India :Varnashram, Purushartha, Karma and
5.2 Caste system – origin, features, functions and change in caste system, Dominant
Caste, Jajmani system.
5.3 Structure of Indian civilization: Theoretical understanding (R.Redfield, N.K.Bose).
5.4 Concepts for understanding Indian civilization: Sanskritization, Universalization-Parochialization,
Tribe-peasant & Tribe-caste continuum, State Formation and Sacred Complex.
5.5 Idea of folk and folk culture, folkloric elements in Indian culture (proverbs, folksong, folkart with
special reference to West Bengal), folklore and identity, performances.
5.6 Impact of Buddhism, Jainism, Islam, Christianity on Indian society.
- Aspects of Indian village :
6.1 Development of village study in India and its significance.
6.2 Types of village, social organization of Indian village (agricultural).
6.3 Concepts developed through village studies in India.
6.4 Changes in rural society in post-Independent India.
- Weaker sections :
7.1 Concepts of SC, ST, OBC, minority, women, children, aged – status, constitutional provisions,
problems, programmes of development.
7.2 Linguistic minority and its problems.
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- Tribal situation in India :
8.1 Ethnic strains in Indian population, Geographical, Economic and linguistic distribution of Indian
8.2 Major problems of Indian tribes with special reference to issues of land and forest.
8.3 Plan and programmes for the development of the STs; problems/critique of tribal development;
five year plans and Indian tribes – a review.
8.4 Constitutional safeguards for STs, 5th and 6th Schedules.
8.5 Socio-economic changes in tribal millieu – Impact of urbanization, industrialization, forest policy,
development projects on tribal people. Changes in tribal society in colonial and post-Independent periods.
Impact of modern democratic institutions on traditional political system.
8.6 Tribal movement (Nature and distribution), Emergence of Ethnicity, Issues of Identity, Tribe and
Nation-State, Indian National Movement and Indian tribes, Regionalism, Jharkhand movement, Santal
- Anthropology of development:
9.1 Critique, approaches, issues of women development, cultural factors of development,
displacement and rehabitation, sustainable development, alternative to development.
9.2 Role of NGO in development.
9.3 Role of anthropology in development.
- Emerging issues in Indian Anthropology:
10.1 Human Rights and advocacy of anthropology in the contexts of women, children, health and
10.2 Social-cultural dimensions of health: Bio-medical, medical anthropology and ethno medicine.
10.3 Issues in context: Sect, Cult, Religions pluralism in India, Visual image and Indian society, Public
Culture in India, Refugee, Civil Society, Violence, Traditional Knowledge.
Paper – I : Microbiology:
Plant virus- types – TMV- Physicochemical characteristics and Multiplication, One step growth curve, Lytic
cycle (T4 phage) and Lysogenic cycle (Lambda phage), Significance of lysogeny, Viroids and Prions.
Bacteria – Distinguishing features of Archaea and Bacteria, Flagella (ultrastructure) and Pilli, wall –
chemical structure and differences between Gram +ve & Gram –ve bacteria, Bacterial genome and
plasmid, Endospore – formation, structure and function. Genetic Recombination (Transformation,
Transduction & Conjugation) Application in Medicine and Industry.
Terms and Definitions: Disease concept, Symptoms, Etiology and causal complex, Endemic, Epidemic,
Pandemic and Sporadic diseases, Disease triangle, Disease cycle (monocyclic, polycyclic and polyetic)
with special reference to Late Blight of Potato, Brown Spot of Rice and Citrus Canker. Host – Parasite
Interaction. Pathotoxin (Definition, criteria and example), Phytoalexin, Resistance. Plant Disease
Management- Symptoms, Causal organism, Disease cycle and Control measures.
General account. Ultrastructure of cell. Diatom: Cell structure, Cell division, Auxospore formation in
Centrales and Pennales. Economic Importance: Food, Phycocolloid (Agar-agar, Algin, Carrageenan),
Diatomite, Algal Biotechnology – potential of microalgae for SCP, β-carotene, Biofertilizer, Biodiesel;
Principles of mass cultivation of microalgae; Algal toxins.
FUNGI & LICHEN: General Account: Hyphal forms, Fungal spore forms and mode of liberation,
Sexual reproduction and degeneration of sex, Homothallism and heterothallism, Life cycle patterns,
Anamorphic fungi and parasexuality, Mycotoxins with emphasis on aflatoxin. Mycorrhiza: Role in
Agriculture & Forestry.
Fungal Biotechnology: Mushroom, Cheese and Ethanol- Industrial production (brief outline), Fungal sources
and uses of Mycoprotein, Enzyme (Cellulase), Amino acid (Tryptophan), Vitamin (Riboflavin),
Antibiotic( Griseofulvin), Pharmaceuticals (Cyclosporin-A).
Lichen : Types, Reproduction , Economic and ecological importance.
General Account and Origin of Alternation of Generations (Homologous and Antithetic theory), Evolution of
Sporophytes (Progressive and Regressive concept).
Importance: Role of bryophytes in Plant succession and Pollution Monitoring.
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General Account: Colonisation and rise of early land plants.
Fossil Pteridophytes: Structural features, Geological distribution and Evolutionary significance.
Telome concept and its significance in the origin of different groups of Pteridophytes.
Heterospory and Origin of Seed habit.
Economic importance as food, medicine and Agriculture.
Palaeobotany & Palynology:
Plant Fossil: Types, Different modes of preservation, Nomenclature and Reconstruction, Importance of
Geological time scale with dominant plant groups through ages.
Palynology: Pollen aperture types, NPC classification (Erdtman). Pollen wall- Sporopollenin, Stratification
and Ornamentation (sculpturing), Applied Palynology:- Palaeopalynology,.Aeropalynology , Forensic
Progymnosperms: Phylogenetic importance.
Fossil gymnosperms: Structural features of Cycas, Pinus, Lyginopteris, Williumsonia oldhamia and
Geological distribution of reconstructed genera.
Economic Importance of fossils with reference to Wood, Resins, Essential oils, and Drugs.
MORPHOLOGY OF ANGIOSPERMS:
Inflorescence types with examples. Flower: Corolla- forms, aestivation; Stamen- types; Placentation-types;
Ovule – structure and forms. Fruit – types with examples.
TAXONOMY OF ANGIOSPERMS:
Components of Systematics: Nomenclature, Identification, Classification; Taxonomy and its phases –
Pioneer, Consolidation , Biosystematic and Encyclopaedic ; alpha- and omega- taxomony .
Nomenclature: Herbaria and Botanical Gardens – their role; important Indian Herbaria and Botanical
Gardens; Dichotomous keys – indented and bracketed, Phenetics. Brief idea on Phenetics, Numerical
taxonomy; Cladistics; Monophyletic, polyphyletic and paraphyletic groups; Plesiomorphy and apomorphy.
Data sources in Taxonomy: Supportive evidences from: Phytochemistry, Cytology and Anatomy.
Diagnostic features, Systematic position of Economically important plants (parts and uses) with special
reference to the families Poaceae, Orchidaceae, Brassicaceae, Fabaceae, Solanaceae and Malvaceae.
Pre-fertilisation changes: Microsporogenesis and Microgametogenesis, Megasporogenesis. Postfertilization changes. Embryogenesis and Development of Endosperm, Apomixis, Apospory and Apogamy,
Ultrastructure and chemical composition of cell wall. Stomata: Types, Ontogeny of Trachea and Sievetube. Stele: Stelar types & evolution/ Secondary growth with special reference to the abnormal growth in
Dracaena, Boerhaavia and Bignonia. Mechanical tissues and the Pinciples governing their distribution in
Organisation of shoot apex (Tunica–Corpus) and Root apex (Korper-Kappe), Adaptive anatomical features
of Hydrophytes and Xerophytes.
Habitat and Niche, Ecotone and edge–effect, Carrying capacity.
Community ecology: Community- Characteristics and diversity, Ecological succession –Primary and
secondary, Seral stages (with reference to Hydrosere), autogenic and allogenic succession.
Plant indicators (metallophytes); Phytoremediation. Conservation of Biodiversity (In-situ & Ex-situ).
Phytogeographical regions; Endemism; Endemic types and Factors; Age & Area hypothesis and Epibiotic
theory; Endemism in Indian flora with special emphasis on Sunderban and Eastern Himalayas.
Paper – II : Cell & Molecular Biology
CELL BIOLOGY: Cell and its types (prokaryotic and eukaryotic), structure and functions of the major cell
organelles (nucleus, mitochondria, chloroplast, ribosome, endoplasmic reticulum, Golgi bodies,
microbodies), cell division (mitosis and meiosis), significance of cell division, Cell cycle, structure of a
typical chromosome, nucleosome model of chromosome, chromosomal aberrations (deletion, duplication,
translocation and inversion), Concept of RNA world.
MOLECULAR BIOLOGY: Chemical structure and nature of the nucleic acids, concept of gene, replication
of DNA, concept of genomic DNA and cDNA, split genes, overlapping genes, oncogenes, genetic code,
protein synthesis in prokaryotes and eukaryotes, central dogma, basic of recombinant DNA technology
(restriction enzymes, vectors, molecular cloning, application of R DNA technology and its social ethics).
Genetics, Plant Breeding, Biometry & Evolution Biology:
GENETICS: Mendelian principles (Mendel’s monohybrid and dihybrid experiments and laws), concept of
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linkage and crossing over, polyploidy, multiple alleles, point mutation, sex-linked inheritance, cytoplasmic
inheritance and basic population genetics.
PLANT BREEDING: Objective of plant breeding, methods of propagation in relation to breeding methods,
methods of plant breeding (selection, hybridization, concept and causes of heterosis). Maintenance of
germplasm, Heterosis and hybrid seed production, Molecular Breeding (use of DNA markers in plant
breeding). Maintenance of germplasm, Mass selection and pure line selection, Heterosis and hybrid seed
production, Molecular Breeding (use of DNA markers in plant breeding).
BIOMETRY: Random sampling, Frequency distribution, Central tendency– Arithmetic Mean, Mode and
Median, Measurement of dispersion – Standard Deviation, Standard error of Mean, Test of significance: ‘t’-
test; chi square test for goodness of fit. Probability, Measurement of gene frequency (Hardy-Weinberg
equilibrium). Overview of Bioinformatics, nature of biological data, literature databases (searching and
downloading), introduction and overview of biological databases, nucleic acid sequence databases,
GenBank, Protein sequence databases, introduction to BLAST series.
EVOLUTION BIOLOGY: Concept of biological evolution, evidence of organic evolution (taxonomic,
geological, morphological and anatomical); Lamarckism, Darwinism and mutation theories of de Vries.
Physiology and Biochemistry:
Plant-water relations, Stomatal physiology-mechanism of opening and closing, Organic Translocation
Photosynthesis, Photochemical reaction centres, Cyclic and noncyclic electron transport, Water splitting
mechanism, photophosphorylation, Z-scheme, Calvin cycle – Biochemical reactions and stoichiometry,
Photosynthetic efficiency of C3 and C4 plants and crop productivity, Photorespiration, Crassulacean acid
metabolism. Respiration- EMP pathway, TCA cycle, ETS and oxidative phosphorylation, Oxidative pentose
phosphate pathway and its significance, ß-oxidation of fatty acids and significance. Nitrogen Metabolism
(symbiotic and non-symbiotic), structure and function of di-nitrogenase complex, ETS of di-nitrogenase,
basic concept of nif and nod genes. Plant Growth Regulators (Auxin, Gibberellin, Cytokinin, Ethylene and
Abscisic Acid). Photoperiodism and plant types, Phytochrome, Vernalisation, Concept of biological clock
and biorhythm. Seed dormancy, Physiology of Senescence and Ageing. Stress Physiology.
Biochemistry as the molecular logic of living organisms, axioms of living organisms, the major compounds
of living beings; pH, buffers and basic bioenergetics, chemical structure and properties of water
molecule, ionization of water, Henderson-Hasselbalch equation, titration curve and the concept of
preparation of any buffer solution; biomolecules: general structure, properties, classification and metabolic
importance of carbohydrates, proteins, lipids and nucleic acids; enzymes, basic structure (holoenzyme,
apoenzyme, cofactor, coenzyme and prosthetic group), nomenclature and classification of enzymes
according to IUBMB, mechanism of enzyme action (concept of active site of an enzyme, activation of free
energy, principles of enzyme action, Fisher’s and Koshland’s models), enzyme kinetics (Michaelis-Menten
equation and Lineweaver-Burk plot), reversible and irreversible enzyme inhibition, allosteric enzyme
regulation and covalently modulated enzyme regulation, basic concept of ribozymes, abzymes and
Pharmacognosy and its importance in modern medicine , Crude drugs, Drug evaluation Secondary
metabolites, Interrelationship of basic metabolic pathways with secondary metabolite biosynthesis with
special reference to Cinchona, Ipecac, Adhatoda and Curcuma longa.
Plant Biotechnology & Instrumentation:
Plant tissue culture and Micropropagation. Plant Genetic Engineering: Brief concept of different gene
transfer methods. Transgenic plants.
Principles and applications of simple, compound, confocal and electron microscopy, colorimetry, visible
and UV-visible spectrophotometry, deferential centrifugation, PCR, RT-PCR, Gel Electrophoresis, Blotting
(Southern, Northern and Western) and ELISA.
Paper – I :
- Atomic Structure:
Bohr theory of hydrogen atom, Mosley’s experiment. Heisenberg’s uncertainty principle;
Schrodinger wave equation; Interpretation of wave function, particle in a one-dimensional box; quantum
numbers; hydrogen atom wave functions; shapes of s, p and d-orbitals.
- Chemical Bonding:
Ionic bond: characteristics of ionic compounds, lattice energy, Born-Haber cycle. Covalent bond and its
general characteristics: polarities of bonds in molecules and their dipole moments; shapes of molecule,
Valence bond theory, concept of resonance and resonance energy; molecular orbital theory (LCAO
method); bonding in H2
, H2, He2
to Ne2, NO, CO, HF, and CN-
, comparison of valence bond and molecular
orbital theories, bond order, bond strength and bond length.
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- Acid-Base & Redox Reactions
Theory of acids and bases; pH, buffer solution; solubility product and salt hydrolysis.
Nernst equation (without derivation). Influence of complex formation, precipitation and pH on redox
potentials; formal potential. Feasibility of a redox titration, redox potential at the equivalence point, redox
indicators. Redox diagram (Latimer and Frost diagrams) of common elements and their applications.
Disproportionation and comproportionation reactions (typical examples).
- Chemical Periodicity:
Periodic table, group trends and periodic trends in physical properties.
Effective nuclear charge, screening effect, Slater’s rules, atomic radii, ionic radii (Pauling univalent),
covalent radii. Ionization potential, electron affinity and electronegativity (Pauling, Mulliken and AllredRochow scales) and factors influencing these properties.
Comparative studies of hydrides, halides, oxides of s- and p- block elements.
Structure and bonding of B2H6, (SN)x, Phosphazenes and inter-halogens.
d-block elements; electronic configuration, ionization energies, oxidation states, variation in atomic and
ionic radii, magnetic and spectral properties.
- Gaseous State and Transport Phenomenon
Maxwell distribution of molecular speeds, intermolecular collisions, collisions on wall and effusion; thermal
conductivity and viscosity of hard sphere gases. van der Waals equation of state, inter-molecular
interactions, critical phenomena and liquefaction of gases,
- Liquid State
Viscosity, Poiseuille equation, temperature dependence.
Surface tension and surface energy, wetting and contact angle, interfacial tension and capillary action;
- Solid State
Crystal systems; designation of crystal planes, lattice structure and unit cell; Miller indices, Bragg’s law; Xray diffraction by crystals; close packing, radius- ratio rules, calculation of some limiting radius-ratio
values; structures of NaCl, KCl; stoichiometric and non-stoichiometric defects, impurity defects, semiconductors.
Work, heat and internal energy; first law of thermodynamics.
Second law of thermodynamics; entropy as a state function, entropy change in various processes,
reversibility and irreversibility, free energy functions; thermodynamic equation of state; Maxwell’s
relations; temperature, volume and pressure dependence of thermodynamic functions; J-T effect and
inversion temperature; criteria for equilibrium, relation between equilibrium constant and thermodynamic
quantities; Nernst heat theorem.
Definitions and interrelations among Kp, Kc and Kx ; Van’t Hoff equation, Le Chatelier principle.
Group – C
Aromaticity and anti-aromaticity; benzene, naphthalene, annulene, azulene, tropolones, fulvenes,
sydnones. Electrophilic and nucleophilic substitution. Synthesis and reactions of heteroaromatic
compounds (pyrrole, furan, thiophene, pyridine).
- Study of Mechanisms
General methods (both kinetic and non-kinetic) of study of mechanism of organic reactions: isotopic
method, cross-over experiment, intermediate trapping, stereochemistry; energy of activation;
thermodynamic control and kinetic control of reactions.
Reactive intermediates: Generation geometry, stability and reactions of carbonium ions and
carbanions free radicals, carbenes, benzynes and nitrenes.
- Organic Reaction Types
Substitution Reactions: SN1, SN2 and SNi mechanisms; neighbouring group participation.
Elimination Reactions: E1, E2 and E1cb mechanisms; orientation in E2 reactions-Saytzeff and
Hoffmann; pyrolytic syn elimination – Chugaev and Cope eliminations.
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Addition Reactions: Electrophillic addition to C=C and CC; nucleophilic addition to C=O, C=N,
conjugated olefins and carbonyls.
Rearrangements: Pinacol-pinacolone, Hoffmann, Beckmann, Baeyer-Villiger, Favorskii, Fries, Sclaisen,
Cope, Stevens and Wagner-Meerwein rearrangements.
- Organic Spectroscopy:
Principle and applications in structure elucidation:
Infra-red: typical functional group identification
UV-vis: Singlet and triplet states; n-* and -* transitions; application to conjugated double bonds
and conjugated carbonyls – Woodward–Fieser rules; charge-transfer spectra.
Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (1H NMR): Basic principle; chemical shift and spin-spin interaction and
Mass Spectrometry: Parent peak, base peak metastable peak, McLafferty rearrangement.
Paper – II : Group-A
- Coordination Chemistry – I
Bonding theories of metal complexes; valence bond theory, crystal field theory and its modifications;
application of theories in the explanation of magnetism and electronic spectra of metal complexes.
- Coordination Chemistry – II
Isomerism in coordination compounds; IUPAC nomenclature of coordination compounds;
stereochemistry of complexes with 4 and 6 coordination numbers; chelate effect and polynuclear
complexes; trans effect and its theories; kinetics of substitution reactions in square-planer complexes;
thermodynamic and kinetic stability of complexes.
- Bio-Inorganic Chemistry
Metal ion in biological systems and their role in ion transport across the membranes (molecular
mechanism), oxygen-transport proteins: hemoglobin, myoglobin, hemerythrin; electron-transport proteins:
cytochromes and ferrodoxins.
- Organometallic Chemistry
EAN rule, synthesis, structure and reactivity of metal carbonyls; carboxylate anions, carbonyl
hydrides and metal nitrosyl compounds.
Complexes with aromatic systems; synthesis, structure and bonding in metal-olefin, -alkyne and –
cyclopentadienyl complexes; coordinative unsaturation, oxidative addition reactions, insertion reactions,
fluxional molecules and their characterization; compounds with metal-metal bonds and metal atom
Group – B
- Phase-equilibria and solutions
Gibbs phase rule and its significance. Clapeyron equation; Clausius – Clapeyron equation; phase
diagram for a pure substance; phase-equilibria in binary systems, partially miscible liquids, upper and
lower critical solution temperatures; properties of dilute solutions; Raoult’s and Henry’s law. Partial molar
quantities, their significance; excess thermodynamic functions.
- Surface phenomena, catalysis and polymers
Adsorption from gases and solutions on solid adsorbents: Langmuir and B.E.T. adsorption isotherms;
determination of surface area, characteristics and mechanism of reactions on heterogeneous catalysts.
Number and weight average molecular weight, their determination. Kinetics of polymerization.
- Chemical Kinetics
Differential and integral rate equation for zeroth, first, second and fractional order reactions; rate
equations involving reverse, parallel, consecutive and chain reactions; branching chain and explosion;
effect of temperature and pressure on rate constant; collision theory and transition state theory.
- Photochemistry and spectroscopy :
Fluorescence & phosphorescence, Jablonsky diagram, Franck-Condon principle, Lambert-Beer law.
Laws of photochemistry, quantum yield, photo-stationary state, photosensitized reaction.
Rotational spectra of diatomic molecules: Rigid rotator model, selection rule, determination of
Vibrational spectroscopy of diatomic molecules: SHO model, selection rule, determination of bond
Group – C
- Configuration and conformation
Representation of molecules in three dimension Fischer, Saw-horse and Newman projection;
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configuration (R and S) of chiral carbon, priority rule.
Conformation of acyclic and alicyclic molecules; gauche-butane interaction; chair-boat in
- Chirality and stereoselectivity
Chirality: asymmetric carbon, axial and planar chirality. Optical activity; resolution of optically
active compounds; enantioselective and diastereoselective synthesis; enantiomeric excess; Prelog’s rule
for configuration determination; Cram’s rule.
- Organic Synthetic methods
Condensation reactions; Aldol, Claisen, Diemann, Perkin, Knoevenagel, Stobbe, Acyloin
Oxidation; epoxidation, dihydroxylation, periodate, chromate, permanganate, lead tetraacetate,
Reduction; catalytic hydrogenation, metal hydrides, dissolving metal reduction.
Organometalic, catalysis; palladium-catalyzed coupling reaction and allylic substitution; Wilkinson
catalyst; alkene metathesis.
- Pericyclic and photochemical reactions
Photochemical reaction; singlet and triplet state; Norrish Type I and Type II. Patterno-Buchi.
Photochemical generation of radicals.
Pericyclic reaction; conservation of orbital symmetry; electrocyclic reactions; cycloaddition
reactions, sigmatropic rearrangements.
CIVIL ENGINEERING :
Paper – I : Strength of Materials :
Stress-strain, elastic modulus, shear force and bending moment diagrams of determinate beams,
deflection of beams by different methods.
Structural Analysis :
Application of Area moment theorem & Conjugate beam method, Castigliano’s theorems I & II,
Slope deflection & Moment distribution method. Introduction of Matrix method of analysis : force and
displacement method. Application of displacement method to truss, beam & frame structure, Introduction
of plastic analysis.
Design of steel structures :
Concept of design by working stress method and Limit state method. Application of Limit state
method : Design of tension and compression member, design of flexure members : Beams – rolled section
and plated beam. Design of column for axial and eccentric loads. Design of connection : Bolted and
Design of concrete structures :
Concept of working stress method and limit state method. Application of limit state method to
design of singly reinforced rectangular, T and L beams, doubly reinforced beam, column for axial and
eccentric loads, isolated footing.
Geotechnical Engineering :
Type of soils. Weight-volume relationship. Grain size distribution. Index properties – Attergb’s
limit, relative density, identification and classification of soils.
Water in soils, Effective pressure, Pore water pressure, Permeability – laboratory and field tests, Seepage,
Quick sand condition.
Shear strength – Mohr–Coulomb failure criteria, pole, Determination of shear strength parameters –
laboratory and field tests.
Compressibility and consolidation – normally consolidated and over consolidated soils, compression and
swelling indices. Determination of coefficient of Consolidation. Settlement Computation.
Soil stabilization – Compaction, Laboratory test, field methods and uses of admixtures.
Soil exploration – Spacing, depth and number of exploratory borings. Methods of boring & sampling.
Standard penetration test, Static cone penetration test, Seismic refraction method.
Earth pressure theories – Rankine and Coulomb, Different types of back fill. Determination of earth
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pressure. Stability of retaining walls. Sheet piles, Braced excavation.
Shallow Foundations – Estimation of bearing capacity and settlement. Allowable bearing pressure. Effect of
ground water table. Field tests. Types of footing – Isolated, combined, strip, grid and raft foundations.
Deep foundations – Types of piles, material, suitability and uses. Determination of pile capacity. Negative
skin friction, Testing of piles.
Paper – II : Construction: Materials, Planning & Management :
Physical Properties of Cement and cement concrete, stone, bricks and mortars, Stress-strain
behaviour of reinforcing steels, Nondestructive tests – Rebound Hammer, Ultrasonic Pulse velocity tests,
Construction activities schedules, organization for construction industry. Quality assurance principles.
Network analysis, CPM & PERT analysis: their use in construction monitoring, Cost optimization and
Chain surveying; Principles, Methods of linear measurement; Instruments for Chaining; Chaining tape
corrections including sag corrections; Chain triangulation; Selection of stations, locating ground features;
Plotting of chain survey.
Compass survey; Use of prismatic compass; Measurement of bearing, Computations of angles from
bearings, Chain and Compass traversing, Plotting compass traverse;
Plane table survey; Introduction and method; Errors in plane tabling;
Leveling; Adjustment of dumpy level; Reciprocal leveling and profile leveling; Countering and
interpretation of contour maps;
Theodolite Surveying and Traversing. Uses of Total Station.
Basic elements of Remote sensing and photogrammetry
Transportation Engineering :
Principles of Highway Planning. Functional classification of road. Highway alignment, Geometric design –
Cross section, Camber, Superelevation, Horizontal and Vertical curve, Pavement structure and Materials –
Subgrade soil, Sub base, Base materials, aggregates & bitumen. Pavement design – flexible and Rigid by
IRC and other methods. Construction method of WBM, Bituminus work and cement concrete roads.
Highway drainage system.
Traffic surveys and their application in traffic planning. Design of intersection, rotary signals. Standard
traffic signs and marking.
Water Resources Engineering :
Concept of storm and unit hydrograph, type of aquifers, Ground Water: Specific yield, storage coefficient,
coefficient of permeability, confined and unconfined aquifers, aquitards, radial flow into a well under
confined and unconfined conditions. Flood-flow estimation. Rainfall-frequency distribution and analysis.
Water requirements of crops, Canals : rectangular and trapezoidal, design of lined and unlined canal,
Types of dam, design, principles of design of rigid gravity & earth dams including statistical analysis, River
training : Objectives and methods.
Environmental Engineering :
Water Demand, Population estimate. Water quality : Physical, Chemical and bacteriological. Water
treatment principle and design of coagulation, flocculation, sedimentation and filtration. Principle of
Chlorination and softening. Waste water : Types and characteristics, BOD, COD estimation, Design of
separate and combined sewer. Wastewater treatment: Grit chamber, setting tank, activated sludge
process, stabilization pond.
Solid waste : Composting and land fill methods
Air Pollution : Types, sources and effects, control measures – ventury, wet scrubber, Electrostatic
Noise Pollution : Equivalent noise level, Determination of Leq.
COMMERCE & ACCOUNTANCY :
Paper – I : Financial Accounting: Accounting as a Financial Information System, Basic Concepts & Conventions,
Accounting Standards, Final Accounts of Profit-seeking and Non-profit seeking organisations.
Corporate Accounting: Issue, Forfeiture & Re-issue of Shares, Redemption of Preference Shares &
Debentures, Buy-back of Shares, Company Final Accounts, Reconstruction of Companies,
Preparation of Consolidated Balance Sheet.
Cost & Management Accounting: Cost Concepts, Terms & Classification of Costs, Elements of Cost,
Accounting for Material, Employee Cost and Overhead, Job costing, Process costing, Activity-based
costing, Marginal Costing – CVP Analysis & Decision Making, Standard Costing, Budgetary Control,
Funds flow & Cash Flow Statement, Accounting Ratios.
a) Income Tax – Definitions, Residential Status & Incidence of Tax of Individual, Computation of Total
Income of an individual (various heads of income and deduction from Gross Total Income), Set off &
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b) Indirect Tax
i) WB VAT Act, 2003: Basic concepts, features, determination of tax payable, registration of dealer.
ii) Central Sales Tax, 1956: Definition, incidence and levy of tax, exemption and exclusion, determination
of turn over and tax payable, registration of dealer.
Paper – II : Indian Financial System – Role of finance in an economy, components (instruments, markets, etc.), role of
financial intermediaries, structure of Indian financial system, role of RBI, Commercial Banks and other
Financial Institutions(LICI,UTI, SIDBI, SFCs, NABARD)
Money Market – structure of Indian money market, discount houses, call money market, recent trends of
Indian money market
Capital Market – primary and secondary market, functionaries of stock-exchanges, concept of DMAT, role
i) Indian Contract Act, 1872 – Offer & Acceptance, Consideration, capacity of parties, free consent, void
& voidable agreements, discharge of contracts.
ii) Consumer Protection Act, 1986 – Rights of consumers; definition of consumer, manufacturer,
complaints, unfair trade practices; composition and jurisdiction of District Forum, State Commission and
iii) Companies Act, 1956 – Types of companies, Memorandum and Articles of Association, Prospectus,
Promotion and Incorporation of Companies, Directors, Company Meeting, Winding up.
iv) Industrial Disputes Act, 1947 – Nature, Causes, and settlement of industrial disputes, workers’
participation in management and collective bargaining.
Auditing – Auditing procedures and techniques; internal control and internal audit; company audit –
divisible profit, dividend and depreciation; Audit of Bank, Insurance and NGOs; Audit Report.
Organisation Behaviour – Nature and Concept of Organisation; organisation structure; modern concepts of
organisation theory; Leadership – theories and styles; Motivation – concept & theories; Quality of Work Life
– meaning and impact.
COMPUTER SCIENCE :
Paper – I : Algorithms and Problem solving : Number systems and Arithmetic : Theory of Counting : Graphs and
Algorithms : Boolean Algebra : Models of Computer Machines : Numerical Algorithms : Operations
Research : Circuit and Network Theory : Basic Electronics : Instruments : Digital Logic and Systems : Data
Communication : Data Structure.
Paper – II : Operating System : System Analysis and Design : Object oriented Programming, Computer Architecture
and Organization : Micro Processor : Computer Networks : Database Management : Assembler, Loader and
Linker : Compiler : Graphics and Multimedia.
Paper – I : 1. Microeconomic Theory
- Macroeconomic Theory
- International Trade Theory
- Public Finance
- Statistics and Econometrics
- Microeconomic Theory
i. Consumer Theory
ii. Production and cost- returns to scale, short run and long run costs
iii. Market Structure-Perfect competition, Monopoly, Monopolistic Competition, Oligopoly
iv. General Equilibrium and Welfare (optimality of perfect competition)
v. Marginal Productivity Theory of Distribution
- Macroeconomic Theory
i. National Income Accounting
ii. Economy in the long run, economy in the short run, Fiscal and Monetary policy using ISLM, Growth Theory—Harrod-Domar Model, Solow Model, Endogenous Growth.
- International Trade Theory
i. Classical — Ricardo, Neoclassical – Hecksher- Ohlin
ii. Imperfect competition and trade , Intra-industry trade
iii. Trade Policy—Tariff, Quota
iv. Current and Capital Account in Balance of Payments, Fixed and Flexible exchange rate
v. Open economy macroeconomics — Mundell-Fleming model
- Public Finance
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a. Theory of externality and market failure
b. Public Goods and Role of the Public Sector
c. Budget — Different concepts
d. Tax—indirect and direct, VAT, subsidy and transfers
e. Public debt and its burden
- Statistics & Econometrics
- Measures of Central Tendency & Dispersion
- Theory of Probability
- Sampling Theory
- Econometrics—Classical Linear Regression Model
Paper – II : 1. Development
- The Indian Economy
(a) Pre-independence period
(b) Post-independence pre-liberalisation period
(c) Post-liberalisation period
(d) The West Bengal Economy
(a) Process of development
Harris Todaro Model
Demographic change and occupational transformation
(b) Trade and Development
Trade as an engine of growth
(c) Planning vs. Market Model of Development
Poverty and Inequality
(d) Capability and Human Development including issues of Gender
(e) Environment and development
- The Indian Economy
Commercialisation of agriculture
Development of Indian Railways
Planning models and experience till Seventh Plan
Change in composition of national income—Agriculture, Industry & Services.
Industry—Role of Public Sector
Changing role of Planning (from centralised to indicative, participatory and
Salient features of NEP
Progress in Reforms—1st and 2nd generation Reforms
Role of WTO & IMF
Monetary and Fiscal Policies
Poverty and inequality
(d) The West Bengal Economy-A historical perspective
i. Brief economic history of the colonial period.
ii. Economic & demographic consequences of Partition.
iii. Evolution of Land and Tenancy Reforms (1950-1980) and its economic
iv. Changing composition of SDP
v. Social development indicators-health, education, environment
vi. West Bengal: in relation to other major States of India.
ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING :
Paper – I : Electrical Circuits and Network :
Circuit components, network graphs, KCL, KVL.
Circuit analysis methods : nodal analysis/mesh analysis, basic network theorems and applications.
Transient analysis : RL, RC and RLC circuits.
Sinusoidal steady state analysis, resonant circuits and applications.
Coupled circuits and applications.
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Balanced 3-phase circuits.
Signals & Systems :
Representation of continuous-time and discrete-time signals & systems, Analysis of signals & systems by
Laplace Transform and Z-Transform, Poles & Zeroes, Fourier Transform, Sampling and Reconstruction of
Signals, analysis of discrete time signals by DFT and FFT.
Field Theory :
Electric Field : Gauss’s Integral Law, Electric Dipole Fields, Electric Polarisation and its relation to the
Permittivity of Di-electric media. Gauss’s Law in differential form. Poisson’s and Laplace Equations in
different co-ordinates. Energy stored in Electric Field.
Magnetic Field : Ampere’s Law and Biot-Savart’s Law, Faraday’s Law of Electromagnetic Induction, Self &
Mutual Inductance, Energy in Magnetic Field, Force due to Magnetic Field.
Maxwell’s equations, Wave propagation in bounded media. Boundary Conditions. Reflection and Refraction
of Plane Waves, Distributed Parameter circuits.
Analog & Digital Electronics :
Characteristics and equivalent circuits (large and small-signal) of Diode, BJT, JFET and MOSFET.
Diode circuits : Clipping, clamping and rectifiers.
Biasing and bias stability of BJT.
Amplifiers : Single and multi-stage, differential, operational, feed-back and power.
OPAMP circuits, Active Filters.
Sinusoidal oscillators : transistor and OPAMP configurations.
Function generators and wave-shaping circuits.
Boolean algebra; minimization of Boolean functions; logic gates.
Digital IC families (TTL,MOS,CMOS).
Combinational circuits : Arithmetic circuits, code converters, multi plexers and decoders.
Sequential circuits : latches and flip-flops, counters and shift-registers.
Comparators, timers, multivibrators.
Sample and hold circuits, ADCs and DACs.
Logic implementation using MUX / DMUX and programmable devices (ROM, PLA, FPGA).
Measurement and Instrumentation :
Error analysis, measurement of current, voltage, power, energy, power-factor, resistance,
inductance, capacitance and frequency, bridge measurement, Use of CT and PT.
Electronic measuring instruments : multimeter, CRO, digital voltmeter, frequency counter, Q-meter.
Transducers : Thermocouple, thermistor, RTD, LVDT, strain-gauge, piezo-electric crystal, use of
transducers in measurements of non-electrical quantities.
Data acquisition systems.
Control System :
Elements of control systems, block-diagram representation, open-loop
& closed-loop systems, principles and applications of feed-back.
LTI systems : time-domain and transform-domain analysis.
Stability : Routh Hurwitz criterion, root loci, Nyquist’s criterion, Bode plots.
Design of lead-lag compensators.
Proportional, PI, PID controllers.
State-variable representation and analysis of control systems.
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Principles of discrete-control system.
Microprocessors and Microcontrollers :
Microprocessor architecture, Address/Data and Control lines, Timing Diagram, Internal Registers, Interrupt
mechanism (hardware/software), Memory interfacing, I/O interfacing, Programmable Peripheral devices,
Microcontrollers and Embedded Processors – its architecture.
Paper – II : Electrical Machines :
Principles of electromechanical energy conversion : Torque and emf in rotating machines.
DC machines : characteristics and performance analysis, starting and speed control of motors.
Transformers : principles of operation, analysis, regulation, efficiency. 3-phase transformers.
3-phase induction machines and synchronous machines : characteristics, performance analysis, starting,
speed control and braking.
Special machines : Stepper motors, brushless DC motors, permanent magnet motors, single-phase
induction motors, AC series motors.
Power Electronics & Electric Drives :
Semi-conductor power devices : diode, transistor, thyristor, triac, GTO and Power MOSFET – static
characteristic and principles of operation.
Diode rectifiers, phase control rectifiers, triggering circuits.
Bridge converters: fully-controlled and half-controlled.
Principles of choppers and inverters.
Basic concepts of speed control of dc and ac motor drives.
Linear power supplies and SMPS.
Power Systems and Protection :
Construction and parameters of overhead lines and underground cables, and T models of lines,
principles of active and reactive power transfer, per unit representation, load flow analysis, control of
voltage, active and reactive power, frequency control, tie-line control, economic operation, analysis of
symmetrical and unsymmetrical faults.
Concept of power system stability : rotor angle stability and voltage stability, swing equation, equal area
Line compensation, static VAR system, basic concepts of HVDC transmission and Flexible AC Transmission
Power system protection : principles of overcurrent, differential and distance protection, protection of
lines, transformers, busbars and generators.
Circuit breaker : principles of current interruption and arc quenching, restriking voltage, making capacity
and breaking capacity, different types of circuit breakers.
Introduction to energy control centre : SCADA and RTUs.
Distribution system : radial and ringmain systems, calculation of voltage drop.
Analog & Digital Communication :
Signals and Spectra: properties of Signals and Noise.
Power Spectral Density and Autocorrelation, Random Signals, Random Process.
Analog modulation Techniques : AM, FM and PM.
Pulse Amplitude modulation and digital communication : PAM, Delta, ASK, FSK, PSK, MSK.
Performance of communication systems corrupted by Noise : signal-to-noise ratio, C/I ratio.
Energy Sources :
Present Electrical Power Scenario of West Bengal & India (Generation & Utilisation).
Main components of Thermal and Hydel Power Plant.
Basic theory of small Hydropower, Solar (thermal and photovoltaic), Wind & Bio-energy and other
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Pollution from energy sources.
Energy Conservation & Storage.
Energy Management and Audit.
Electrical Utilisation & Illumination Engineering :
Electric heating. Resistance, Arc & Induction Furnaces – basic principles and application, Dielectric Heating
- principles & application.
Radiometric and Photometric quantities, Laws of Illumination, Photometry.
Lamps : incandescent, discharge and solid-state types, their efficacies, features and applications.
Magnetic choke and glow starter operation in TL circuit. Difference between electronic and magnetic
Luminaire – its functions.
General indoor lighting design by Lumen method.
Paper – I : PRINCIPLES OF GEOGRAPHY ( GROUP – A : PHYSICAL GEOGRAPHY)
Nature and composition of earth’s crust; Structure of earth’s interior; Origin, distribution
and permanency of Continents and Ocean Basins; Theories of isostasy, continental drift,
and plate tectonics; Earth movements – types and effects; Fundamental concepts in
geomorphology; Gradational processes – weathering and masswasting; Landforms due to
fluvial. glacial. aeolian, coastal and karst processes; Evolution of landscape – cyclic and
non-cyclic models; Global hydrological cycle.
Atmosphere – nature, composition and structure; Elements and factors of weather and
climate; Insolation and Heat-budget; General circulation of winds, Jet Streams and
Monsoons; Condensation and Precipitation; Airmass and fronts; Tropical and Extra-tropical
cyclones; Thunderstorm and tornado; Climatic classification – principles and
application(Koppen, Thorntwaite, Trewartha); Global climatic changes.
Origin of continents and ocean basins; Bottom topography of ocean basins: Indian, Pacific
& Atlantic Oceans; Nature, origin and characteristics of continental shelves and slopes,
submarine canyons and coral reefs and atolls; Ocean currents: Indian, Pacific and Atlantic
oceans; Physical and Chemical properties of ocean water: temperature, salinity and
density; TS Diagram and Watermass; Ocean Deposits; Marine Resources.
Nature and composition of Biosphere; Concepts relating to Ecosystem – production and
decomposition, homoeostasis, energy environment, productivity, food chain, food web,
trophic structure, ecological niche, ecological pyramids, and ecological crisis; Ecosystem –
principles and components; Components, Bio-energy Cycles and Biogeochemical cycles;
Major Ecosystems of the world; Environmental degradation and conservation;
Environmental pollution – land, water, air and noise; Natural hazards and natural disaster –
characteristics, mitigation and global efforts.
The Earth as a Cartographic Problem – size and shape; co-ordinate system; scale and map
projection; Principles and properties of Polar Zenithal. Conical. Cylindrical and
Conventional projections (all normal case); Thematic mapping – types and techniques;
Principles of Surveying and Levelling with Chain, Plane Table, Dumpy level and GPS;
Remote Sensing nature and principles; Geographical Information System – evolution,
components, and functionality.
GROUP – B : HUMAN GEOGRAPHY
Concepts and theories of resources; Locational analysis of agriculture (intensive
subsistence in monsoon lands, extensive commercial farming in temperate lands,
plantation farming in the tropics and dairy farming in the temperate grasslands),
lumbering, fishing, mining (coal, petroleum and iron ore), power production (hydel and
nuclear) and manufacturing (iron & steel, aluminium, and cotton textile); Economic models
- landuse (Von Thunen), industry (Weber, Hoover, Pred). Economic systems and economic
landscape – characteristics and evolution (Rostow, Myrdal, and Isard). Global economic
blocks – patterns and functions.
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Factors and measures of population growth; Malthus, Neo-Malthusianism, Optimum, Social
and economic, Biological and natural and Demographic transition theories of population
growth; Pattern of World population growth; Migration – nature, theories and
consequences on society; Population distribution – density and global pattern; Global
patterns and trends of population composition (age-sex structure and occupational
Social & Political Geography
Concept of space: absolute & relative; Social structure: stratification and differentiation;
Social Processes; segregation, adaptation, assimilation and integration; Heartland and
Rimland theories; Principles of boundaries and frontiers
Origin and Growth of Settlements; Function, morphology, types and patterns of Rural
settlements; Urban growth and urbanization; Classification, functions, and morphology of
towns and cities; Models of urban growth – Burgess, Hoyt, Harris and Ullman, Mann. Urban
gradients and densities; Residential areas – patterns and processes; The Central Business
District – characteristics, delimitation and changes; The Central Place Theory and the
Ranksize rule, The Urban field and inter-urban movement.
Regional Development and Planning
Regions – concepts, types and methods of regionalization; Regional diversity and
disparities in development; Regional development – role of resource base, technology and
information system, agriculture and industry, transport and communication, trade and
commerce; Regional development theory – Perroux and Isard; Regional planning – basic
principles and types; Environmental issues in regional planning and planning for
sustainable development; Planning regions – concepts and delineation; State as a planning
unit and micro-level planning with special reference to India.
Paper – II :
REGIONAL GEOGRAPHY GROUP – A: GEOGRAPHY OF INDIA
Location and space relationship with neighboring countries; structure and Relief; Climate
and Drainage; Soil and Natural Vegetation
Distribution, utilization and Conservation of Land (soil), Water (freshwater), Water Disputes
interstate and neighboring countries, Mineral (iron ore, manganese, bauxite, mica), Energy
(coal, oil, natural gas, and Non – Conventional sources like wind, tidal and solar power) and
Indian agriculture – nature and characteristics; Development of Agriculture during the Plan
periods; Green Revolution; Distribution and characteristics of cultivation of rice, wheat, jute
cotton, tea, and coffee; Agricultural Regions, Industrial development and industrial policy
during the Plan Period; Locational Dynamics, Growth and Development of the Iron & Steel,
Aluminum, Engineering, Oil Refining, Cotton Textile, Jute, Sugar, Paper, cement and
automobile industries; Growth and Development of Transport and Communication System
(Road, Rail, Water, and Air); Nature and Development of Trade – national and foreign
specially with the SARC and ASEAN countries; Trade Balance.
Population as a Resource; Relation between Population and Socio-economic Development;
Population Growth – spatial and temporal variations; Population Distribution and population
- resource relationships; Population Composition and social implications age, sex, literacy,
religion, and caste; Urban Growth and Urbanization – characteristics and patterns, factors
and processes; Population Problems and Population Policy during the Plan periods.
GROUP – B: GEOGRAPHY OF WEST BENGAL
Location with Geographical Personality; Physiographic Divisions – structure and relief;
Climate – seasonal weather conditions; Agro-climatic regions; Drainage systems and
problems; Soil – types and fertility, erosion and conservation; Natural Vegetation – types
and distribution, deforestation and afforestation.
Distribution, utilization and Conservation of Land, Water, Mineral, Energy (both
Conventional and Non – Conventional) and Biotic Resources
Landuse – characteristics and correlates; Irrigation and Agriculture – development during
the Plan periods; Rice, jute, and tea – cultivation, crop ecology, production and problems;
Crop Combination Regions; Impact of Green Revolution; Industrial Regions – growth,
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development and problems; Trade and Transport – nature and status of development;
issues of development
Population as a Resource; Relation between Population and Socio-economic Development; Growth
and Distribution (absolute, and density – crude, physiological and habitational); Population
Composition – age, sex, literacy, occupation, religion, and caste; Urban Growth and Urbanisation –
characteristics, patterns and factors; Population Problems and Population Policy during the Plan
Paper – I : I. General Geology:
Composition of the planets and meteorites. Abundance of elements in the universe and earth.
Origin of the Earth. Internal constitution of Earth. Heat flow and geothermal gradient. Gravity,
gravity anomalies on earth and Isostasy. Earth as a magnet, magnetic anomalies.
Earth’s internal processes, volcanism and global distribution of volcanoes. Earthquakes: causes,
effects, earthquake belts. Seismic zones of India.
II. Structural Geology:
Stress and strain- basic concepts, analysis of stress-strain in two-dimension, stress and strain
ellipse. Behavior of rocks under stress. Stress-strain relationships of elastic, plastic and viscous
Unconformity: different types and their recognition
Fold and Fault: geometry and classifications, mechanisms. Fold and thrust belt.
Shear zones and shear sense markers.
Classification of joints, foliation, lineation and their relations with folds.
III. Geomorphology and Remote Sensing:
Basic concept of geomorphology, common landforms related to action of wind, river and glacier;
coastal landforms. Geomorphology and its relation to structure and lithology.
Aerial photographs and their interpretations. The Electromagnetic spectrum.
Orbiting satellites and sensor systems. Indian remote sensing satellites.
Applications of remote sensing in geology. Basic concepts of GIS and GPS.
Continental drift and sea-floor spreading hypotheses, linear magnetic anomalies.
Plate tectonics- types of plate-boundaries and their characteristic features.
Island arc, continental rift system, active and passive continental margins.
Palaeomagnetism. Mountain building and orogeny.
Definition, types and significance of fossils. Modes of preservation of fossils.
Species concept in biology and binomial nomenclature. Index fossils and their significance.
Description of hard-part morphology of brachiopoda, cephalopoda, pelecypoda and gastropoda.
Evolutionary trend in Hominidae, Equidae and Proboscidae.
Description and importance of Siwalik fauna, Gondwana flora and fauna.
Geologic time scale, Principles of determination of absolute and relative ages of rocks and
geological events. Importance of unconformities in stratigraphy.
Lithostratigraphic, biostratigraphic, magnetostratigraphic, chronostratigraphic and geochronologic
units and their inter-relations.
Geological evolution of Precambrian terrains of Dharwar, Singbhum and Rajasthan.
Evolution of Proterozoic Cuddapah and Vindhyan basins.
Geological evolution of the following Phanerozoic basins/ successions of India: Gondwana, Spiti,
Kutch, Siwalik, Assam and Bengal.
VII. Hydrology and Engineering Geology:
Hydrologic cycle, vertical distribution of groundwater, porosity, permeability, hydraulic conductivity,
transmissivity and storage coefficient. Aquifers: properties and classifications. Exploration for
groundwater, groundwater recharge, rainwater harvesting. Groundwater provinces of India and
Engineering properties of rocks. Geological investigations for dams, tunnels and reservoirs.
Landslides: classification, causes and prevention.
Paper – II : I. Mineralogy:
Elements of crystal symmetry, Hermann-Mauguin symmetry notation. Crystal classes, crystal
systems, crystallographic axes- interfacial angle and axial ratio. Crystal faces and linear directions,
their nomenclature and interrelationship.
Crystal forms in different crystal classes and crystal habits.
Twining. Concept of space lattice, space group and unit cell.
Physical properties of minerals. Classification of minerals on the basis of chemical composition.
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Crystal chemistry: bonding, coordination principles, isomorphism, polymorphism, solid solution,
exsolution. Elementary thermodynamics. Structural classification of silicate minerals. Physical,
chemical and optical properties of pyroxene, amphibole, feldspar and carbonate groups.
Optically isotropic, uniaxial and biaxial characters of minerals. Pleochroism, birefringence, extinction
angle, double refraction, interference figures and optic sign.
II. Igneous Petrology:
Forms of igneous rock bodies. Description and origin of common structures and textures of igneous
rocks. Phase rule and its derivation; concept of the liquidus; one-, two- and three-component
systems. Diopside-anorthite, forsterite-silica, albite-anorthite, diopside-forsterite-silica systems.
Bowen’s reaction series. Processes of diversification of igneous rocks: differentiation, assimilation,
and partial melting.
Basis of classification of igneous rocks and different classification schemes– CIPW norm; IUGS
classification. Petrography and petrogenesis of: granite, basalt, anorthosite, alkaline and , ultramafic
III. Metamorphic Petrology:
Agents and types of metamorphism.
Texture of metamorphic rocks, metamorphic crystallization.
Classification of metamorphic rocks. Concept of metamorphic grade and metamorphic facies, facies
series. Prograde and retrograde metamorphism. Metamorphism and tectonics. ACF, AKF diagrams.
Regional metamorphism of pelitic and mafic rocks, and contact metamorphism of impure carbonate
rocks. Metasomatism and granitisation. Migmatites. Granulite terrains of India.
Processes of formation of sedimentary rocks, provenance, diagenesis and lithifaction.
Textural components; Textural parameters- porosity, permeability.
Classification of sedimentary rocks-terrigenous and chemogenic. Types of fluid. Aqueous fluid flowcurrent and wave.
Primary sedimentary structures, their processes of formation and significance. Flow regimes, bed
forms, their internal structures and fields of stability.
Facies, facies association and facies models- fluvial, deltaic and beach-barrier bar systems.
Sandstone, conglomerate and limestone: definition, composition, classification.
V. Environmental Geology:
Natural hazards – earthquake, tsunami, volcanic eruption, landslides, floods, and droughts.
Impact of human activities on wetlands and forests, use of fertilizers on land.
Pollution of groundwater, surface water and ocean.
Composition of air, air pollution, effects of air pollution on human health.
Impact of mining on atmosphere, biosphere, lithosphere and hydrosphere. Industrial and radioactive
Environmental Protection, legislative measures, processes of mitigation.
VI. Economic Geology:
Classification of ore deposits, protore, ore, gangue, tenor and grade.
Ore forming processes: magmatic, sedimentary, metamorphic, hydrothermal and supergene.
Controls of ore localization, ore textures and structures.
Metallogenic provinces and epochs.
Geology of important metallic deposits of India: chromite, copper, iron, lead-zinc, manganese and
Geology of important non-metallic deposits of India: bauxite, mica, phosphates, barite, diamond and
graphite. Rock as construction material.
Raw materials used in iron and steel, cement, refractories, fertilizer industries.
Coal: its origin, chemical, macroscopic and microscopic constituents, ranks, classification, grade and
utilization. Distribution of coal in India.
Petroleum and natural gas deposits with special reference to their origin, migration and
accumulation. Distribution of petroleum and natural gas in India.
Methods of mineral prospecting (geological, geophysical and geochemical), mineral
beneficiation and ore dressing.
Paper– I :
ANCIENT AND MEDIEVAL INDIA
- Sources :
Archaeological Sources: Exploration, Excavation, Epigraphy, Numismatics, Monuments.
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Literary Sources: Indigenous, Biography, Religious Literature, Creative Literature, Scientific
Literature, Literature in Regional Languages.
Foreign Accounts: Greek, Roman, Chinese and Arab Writers.
- The Harappan Civilization : Third to Second Millenium B.C.E
Origin, Date, Extent, Characteristics, Decline, Survival and Significance, Art and Architecture.
- The Iron Age in India, Vedic Society and the Megalithic Culture: 1500 B.C.E to 6th
Distribution of pastoral and farming cultures outside the Harappan orbit. Early Vedic Society,
Polity and Economy. Changes in the later Vedic period.
- Period of Mahajanapadas :
Formation of territorial States (Mahajanapada): Republics and Monarchies; Spread of Jainism and
Buddhism; Rise of Magadha and the Nandas. Iranian and Macedonian invasions and their impact.
- The Mauryan Empire:
Foundation of the Mauryan Empire, Chandragupta, Kautilya and Arthasastra; Asoka; Concept of
Dharma; Edicts; Polity, Administraton; Economy; Art, Architecture and Sculpture; External contacts;
Religion; Spread of religion; Literature. Disintegration of the Empire.
- Post-Mauryan Period
Northern India: The Sungas and the Kanvas, The Indo-Greeks, Sakas, Kushanas, Western
Kshatrapas, Contact with the outside world; The Deccan and Southern India: The Satavahanas, Tamil
States of the Sangam Age: Administration, Economy: land grants, trade guilds and urban centres; Social
conditions. Culture and Religion: Rise of Mahayana Buddhism and Buddhist Centres; Literature and
culture; Art and architecture and science.
- Guptas, Vakatakas and Vardhanas:
Samundra Gupta, Chandragupta-II: Gupta Polity and administration, Economic conditions, land
grants, Caste system, Position of women, Education and educational institutions; Nalanda, Vikramsila and
Valabhi, Creative Literature, scientific literature, art and architecture.
Decline of the Gupta Empire; changes in Trade network, Decline of urban centres, Indian
- The Post Gupta Period and the Rise of Regional States
The Kadambas, Pallavas, Chalukyas, Palas, Senas, Rashtrakutas, Paramaras, Cholas, Hoysalas,
Regional Polities and Administration, Local Government, Land administration, Economy, Trade
Religion: Proliferation of Religious Sects in Buddhism, Vaishnava and Saiva religions. Tamil
Bhakti Movement, Shankaracharya; Vedanta.
Cultural Aspects, Regional Languages and texts, Literature, Growth of art and architecture,
Sculpture, Temple Architecture; Education and Literature, major philosophical thinkers and schools, ideas
in Science and Mathematics.
Arab conquest of Sind; Alberuni.
- Major political developments in India during 13th to 15th Centuries:
Campaigns of Mahmud Ghazni, Muhammad of Ghor — The foundation of the Delhi Sultanate and
the early Turkish Sultans ‒ Qutbuddin Aibak to Balban — The Khalji revolution ‒ Alauddin Khalji,
conquests and economic reforms — , Muhammad‒bin‒Tughlaq and his projects — Firuz Tughlaq—
agrarian measures, public works‒ Decline of the Tughlaqs.
Provincial Kingdoms — Bengal under the Iliyas Shahi and Hussain Shahi Dynasties—Bahmani and
Vijaynagar Empires — Kashmir and Gujarat.
- Society, Culture and Economy during 13th and 15th centuries:
Social and Cultural Assimilation — Sufi and Bhakti Movements—Kabir, Nanak, Chaitanya,
Namdeva, Growth of Regional Languages and Literature — Nature of the State — agriculture, revenue
system (iqta) trade and Commerce — art and architecture.
- Major Political Developments in India during 16th and 18th Centuries:
Coming of the Mughals —Babur and the foundation of the Mughal Empire, — Afghan — Mughal
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Contest for supremacy—Humayun and Sher Shah — Consolidation of the Mughal Empire— Akbar, Jahangir
and Nur Jahan, Shah Jahan and Aurangzeb — The Mughal Central State and regional powers—Rajputs,
Afghans, Marathas, Sikhs, Deccan, Awadh and others. Peasants in Revolt — Jat, Satnami etc. Later
Mughals — Fall and Disintegration of the Empire —Rise of the Regional States ‒ Bengal, Hyderabad,
Awadh and the Marathas.
- Society, Culture and Economy during 16th and 18th centuries:
Administrative System- Sher Shah to Akbar, Jagir and Mansabdari systems, — Evolution of religion
under the Mughals — Sulh-i-Kul and Din-i-Ilahi — Mughal art, architecture, painting, music and literature,
Mughal economy and Society—Condition of the peasants — urbanisation —trade and commerce and the
mercantile classes ‒ Coming of the European merchants and ‘trade revolution’.
Paper – II : MODERN INDIA AND THE WORLD
- European Penetration and Rise of British power in India:
• The early European Settlements in India in the 17th and 18th centuries – The Anglo – French
• The British East India Company and the Bengal Nawabs – the EIC as sovereign ruler of
Bengal (From Plassey to Buxar), Grant of Dewani.
• British relations with and subjugation of the other principal Indian powers – Oudh,
Hyderabad, Marathas, the Sikhs, and Mysore.
- Indian economy under the British Colonial Rule:-
(A) Impact of Colonial rule on Indian agrarian economy:-
• Land revenue settlements‒ Permanent, Ryotwari and Mahalwari Settlements.
• Economic Impact of revenue settlements – Commercialization and its consequences.
• Rural Indebtedness and growth of landless labour.
• Famine and poverty.
(B) Changing nature of India’s trade and industry under the colonial rule:-
• Dislocation of traditional trade and commerce
• De-industrialization – decline of village industries and town handicrafts
• Growth of Foreign capital and rise of modern industries.
- Indian Society in transition: Cultural Encounter and Socio-cultural changes:
• Introduction of western education and modern ideas
• Reform movements – Ram Mohan Roy, Brahmo Samaj, Young Bengal, Vidyasagar, Arya
Samaj, Vivekananda and Ramkrishna Mission.
• Women’s Question and Indian Reformers
• The Growth of modern vernacular literature, press and public opinion, growth and
spread of scientific ideas.
• The Faraizi and Wahabi movements; The Aligarh movement, Deoband School.
• Social Reform movements in the late 19th and early 20th centuries (including
depressed caste movements) – a broad overview.
- Resistance to the British rule:
• Early uprisings against the British rule in 18th and 19th centuries (1757 – 1856) with
special reference to Bengal and eastern India.
• The Revolt of 1857 – genesis, course, character, causes of its failure and its impact.
• The Act of 1858 and the establishment of the British Raj.
- Growth of Nationalism (1858 – 1918):
Factors leading to birth of Indian Nationalism – Early Political Associations – The foundation of the
Indian National Congress (1885) – The Safety-valve thesis – Programme and objectives of the early
Congress – Economic Nationalism and Drain Theory – The moderates and the extremists – the Partition of
Bengal (1905) – The Swadeshi Movement in Bengal and other provinces – the economic, cultural and
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political aspects of Swadeshi movement.
- Gandhian Era (1919 – 1947):
Rise of Gandhi – Character of Gandhian nationalism – the Rowlatt Satyagraha – The Khilafat – the
Non Co-operation movement – Simon Commission, Nehru Report and Round Table Conferences – Civil
Disobedience Movement – Quit India Movement.
The Left: The Left within the Congress and Jawaharlal Nehru – Subhas Chandra Bose and the INA –
the Congress Socialist Party – the Communist Party of India – other left parties.
The Peasant Movement.
The Working Class and Trade Union Movements.
Women’s organisations, development of women issues and the role of women in nationalist
The Peoples’ Movement in Princely States.
The Post – War upsurge
Growth of Muslim Separatism – Rise of Muslim League – Demand for Pakistan
Depressed Classes and caste politics with special reference to the role of B. R. Ambedkar.
Communalism, British Policy, Partition and Independence.
- The Constitutional Developments (1773 – 1947):
The Regulating Act, Pitt’s India Act and the Charter Acts.
The Acts of 1861 and 1892 – the Morley Minto Reforms (1909) – the Montague-Chelmsford
Reforms (1919) – Government of India Act (1935) – Working of Provincial Ministries – Cripps Mission, Wavell
Plan and Cabinet Mission – Act of Indian Independence (1947).
- Consolidation as a Nation after 1947:
Framing of the Indian Constitution – Integration of Princely States – the question of National
Language – the linguistic reorganisation of States, making of India’s foreign policy – Non-alignment and the
Third World – India and her neighbours.
- Enlightenment and Modern Ideas:
(i) Major ideas of enlightenment ; and its impact
(ii) French Revolution and its aftermath: 1789 – 1815
(iii) The American War of Independence (1776). The American civil War
(i) Industrial Revolution in England: causes, nature, impact.
(ii) Industrialization in other countries: USA, Germany, Russia, Japan.
(i) Rise of nation states in Europe: Italy & Germany.
- Imperialism, Colonialism and War:
(i) Capitalism, imperialism, scramble for colonies.
(ii) Origins and impact of the First World War
(iii) Making of the Russian Revolution & establishment of a Socialist State.
- World history from 1919 to 1945:
(i) League of Nations, collective security.
(ii) Rise of Nazism and Fascism : Germany, Italy & Japan.
(iii) Second World War: Causes and consequences.
- Asia and Africa after World War II:
(i) Chinese Revolution of 1949
(ii) Nationalist movements and decolonization in South and South East Asia.
(iii) Changes in Africa: Egypt and South Africa, End of Apartheid.
- Cold War & Global scenario:
(i) Origins and Growth of cold War
(ii) UNO and global disputes – Korea, Congo, Cuban crisis.
(iii) Emergence of Third World and NAM
- Collapse of Soviet Union
(i) Disintegration of the Soviet Union: Causes & Consequences
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(ii) End of the Cold War
(iii) Political Changes in Eastern Europe.
Paper – I : Constitutional Law of India :International Law : Jurisprudence.
Paper – II : Law of Crimes and Torts : Law of Contracts and Mercantile Law : Indian Evidence Act.
Paper – I : Paper-I
(1) Linear Algebra:
Vector spaces over R and C, linear dependence and independence, subspaces, bases, dimension;
existence of basis for finite dimensional vector spaces; deletion and replacement theorem. Linear
transformations, rank and nullity, matrix of a linear transformation.
Algebra of Matrices; Row and column reduction, Echelon form, congruence’s and similarity; Rank of a
matrix; Inverse of a matrix; Solution of system of linear equations; Eigenvalues and eigenvectors,
characteristic polynomial, Cayley-Hamilton theorem.
Euclidean space, Gram-Schmidt orthogonalization. Symmetric, skew-symmetric, Hermitian, skewHermitian, orthogonal and unitary matrices and their eigenvalues. Quadratic forms, diagonalization of
(2) Real Analysis I:
Real number system as an ordered field with least upper bound property; Sequences, limit of a sequence,
Cauchy sequence, completeness of real line; Series and its convergence, absolute and conditional
convergence of series of real and complex terms, rearrangement of series.
Open sets, limit points, closed sets. Bolzano-Weierstrass theorem.
Functions of a real variable, limits, continuity. Intermediate value theorem. Differentiability, Rolle’s
theorem, mean-value theorem. Higher order differentiation, Leibnitz’ formula, Taylor’s theorem with
remainders. L’Hospital’s rule. Maxima and minima; asymptotes; envelopes.
(3) Real Analysis II:
Compact sets. Nested interval theorem. Heine Borel theorem. Uniform continuity of functions, properties
of continuous functions on compact sets.
Riemann Integration. Riemann’s definition of definite integrals; Darboux theorem; Indefinite integrals;
Fundamental theorems of integral calculus. Improper integrals.
Sequences and series of functions. Uniform convergence. Term by term differentiation and integration.
Power series. Cauchy-Hadamard test. Weierstrass approximation theorem (statement only). Fourier series.
(4) Analytic Geometry:
Cartesian and polar coordinates in two and three dimensions. Transformation of rectangular axes. Straight
Conic sections: Circle, parabola, ellipse, hyperbola and pair of straight lines. Second degree equations in
two variables, reduction to canonical forms and classification of conics. Tangents and normals to conic
Planes in three dimension; shortest distance between two skew lines. Second degree equations in three
variables, reduction to canonical forms. Sphere, cone, cylinder, paraboloid, ellipsoid, hyperboloid of one
and two-sheets: tangent planes and normals. Surfaces of revolution.
(5) Differential Equations:
Formulation of differential equations; Equations of first order and first degree, integrating factor;
Orthogonal trajectory; Equations of first order but not of first degree, Clairaut’s equation, singular solution.
Second and higher order linear equations with constant coefficients, complementary function, particular
integral and general solution.
Second order linear equations with variable coefficients, Euler-Cauchy equation; Determination of
complete solution when one solution is known using method of variation of parameters.
Laplace and Inverse Laplace transforms and their properties; Laplace transforms of elementary functions.
Application to initial value problems for 2nd order linear equations with constant coefficients.
Formation of partial differential equations. Solutions of 1st order PDE, Lagrange’s method and Charpit’s
Equilibrium of a system of coplanar forces, Astatic equillibrium; Stability of equilibrium, equilibrium of
forces in three dimensions. Work and potential energy, friction; Principle of virtual work.
(7) Particle Dynamics:
Rectilinear motion, simple harmonic motion. Damped harmonic oscillation. Motion of a particle in a plane.
Work and energy, conservation of energy. Orbits under central forces. Planetary motion and Kepler’s laws.
Paper – II : (1) Classical Algebra
Prime integers. Existence of infinitely many primes. Relatively prime integers. Congruence. Chinese
remainder theorem. Fermat’s theorem.
Complex numbers; de Moivre’s theorem; complex functions.
Polynomial with real coefficients. Fundamental theorem of algebra. Relation between roots and
coefficients. Symmetric functions of roots. Descartes’ rule of sign. Cardan’s method of solving a cubic
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equation. Ferrari’s method of solving a biquadratic equation. Binomial equations and special roots.
Inequalities AM ≥ GM ≥ HM and their generalizations. Cauchy Schwarz inequality.
(2) Abstract Algebra
Sets and relations; equivalence relations.
Groups, subgroups, cyclic groups, cosets, Lagrange’s Theorem, normal subgroups, quotient groups,
homomorphism of groups, basic isomorphism theorems, permutation groups, Cayley’s theorem.
Rings, subrings and ideals, homomorphisms of rings; Integral domains, principal ideal domains, Euclidean
domains and unique factorization domains; Polynomial Rings. Fields, quotient fields. Finite fields Zp, for
(3) Multivariate Calculus & Vector Analysis
Vector valued functions of one real variable. Continuity and differentiability. Velocity and acceleration.
Functions of two or three variables: limits, continuity. Directional derivative, partial derivatives, Jacobian.
Chain rule. Higher order partial derivatives. Euler’s theorem. Maxima and minima, Lagrange’s method of
Double and triple integrals; Areas and volumes.
Scalar and vector fields. Differentiation of vector fields. Gradient, divergence and curl. Higher order
derivatives; Vector identities and vector equations. Line integral, Surface integral. Green’s theorem and
(4) Metric Space & Complex Analysis:
Metric spaces. Open sets and closed sets. Cauchy sequence and convergence. Completeness. Total
boundedness. Compactness. Continuity, uniform continuity. Connectedness. Separable metric spaces.
Baire category theorem. Examples: Rn
, Space of real valued continuous functions on [a,b]. ep spaces.
Extended complex plane, stereographic projection.
Differentiability of complex functions; Cauchy-Riemann equations, Analytic functions, harmonic functions;
relation between analytic and harmonic functions.
(5) Numerical Analysis and Computer programming:
Numerical Analysis: Interpolation. Newton’s (forward and backward) interpolation, Lagrange’s
Solution of algebraic and transcendental equations of one variable by bisection, fixed point iteration;
Regula-Falsi and Newton-Raphson methods; solution of system of linear equations by Gaussian elimination
and Gauss-Seidel (iterative) methods.
Numerical integration: Trapezoidal rule, Simpson’s 1/3rd rule, Gaussian quadrature formula.
Numerical solution of ordinary differential equations: Picard, Euler and Runge- Kutta method (4-th order).
Computer Programming: Positional number system, Binary, Octal, Decimal and Hexadecimal systems;
Binary arithmetic, Conversion to and from decimal systems.
Algorithms and flow charts: important features, Ideas about complexities of algorithm, applications in
Boolean algebra: Huntington postulates for Boolean algebra, algebra of sets and switching algebra as
examples of Boolean algebra, duality principle, disjunctive normal and conjuctive normal forms of Boolean
expressions. Design of simple switching circuit.
Programming using C.
(6) Probability & Statistics:
Probability: Classical and frequency definitions of probability. Axioms of Probability. Multiplication rule of
probabilities. Conditional probability, Bayes’ theorem. Independent events. Bernouli trials and binomial
Probability distribution. Distribution function (Discrete and continuous) of one variable: Binomial, Poisson,
Gamma, Uniform and Normal. Transformation of random variables. Two dimensional probability
distributions (Discrete and continuous): Uniform and normal. Transformation of random variables. Marginal
and Conditional distributions. Mathematical expectation: Mean, variance, moments, central moments.
skewness and kurtosis. Median, mode, quartiles. Moment-generating function. Characteristic function.
Covariance, Correlation coefficient. Conditional expectation. Regression curves, least square regression
lines and parabolas. Chi-square and t-distributions and their important properties. Tchebycheff’s
inequality. Convergence in probability. Statements of: Bernoulli’s limit theorem. Law of large numbers.
Statement of central limit theorem.
Statistics: Sample characteristic and their computation. Sampling distributions of the sample mean and
variance. Estimation of parameters: Method of maximum likelihood. Interval estimation for parameters of
Bivariate samples. Sample correlation co-efficient. Least square regression lines and parabolas.
Statistical hypothesis. Simple and composite hypothesis. Best critical region of a test. Neyman-Pearson
theorem and its application to normal population. Likelihood ratio testing and its application to normal
(7) Linear Programming:
Linear programming problems, Graphical method of solutions; hyperspace, convex sets, extreme points.
Basic solution, basic feasible solution and optimal solution; Fundamental theorem of LPP; Simplex method;
Transportation and assignment problems.
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Paper – I : UNIT I EVOLUTION AND GROWTH OF MANAGEMENT THOUGHT
Concepts, Theory and Practice, The Evolution of Management Thought — Scientific
Management School, The Operational or Management Process approach, Behavioural School,
Contemporary School, Recent Contributions, Patterns of Management Analysis, Managerial Roles approach
UNIT II PLANNING AND ORGANISING
Planning –Nature, Importance, Types, Process, Concept of MBO, Objectives, Policies, Procedures,
Decision-Making-Approaches, Decision-Making under Certainty, Risk and Uncertainty, Group
Decision Making Guidelines
The Nature of Organising -Types of Organisations, Organisational Levels, Process of
Organising, Line/Staff Authority, Decentralisation of Authority and Delegation of Authority
UNIT III DIRECTING, COORDINATING AND CONTROLLING
Direction — Supervision – Span of Management – Factors determining Span
Motivation — Elements – Importance – Methods – Morale
Leadership–Theories, Approaches-Power and Authority
Coordination – Definition – Characteristics- Objectives – Principles – Techniques
Controlling –Control Process, Requirements for effective Control, Critical Control Standards
and Techniques, Maintenance vs. Crisis Management, Overall Control Process
UNIT IV ORGANISATIONAL BEHAVIOUR
Foundations of Individual Behaviour– Personality, Perception, Learning, Attitudes & values
Foundations of Group Behaviour–Group Process, Group Tasks, Types, Group Development
Conflict Management – Management of Change
UNIT V RECENT DEVELOPMENTS
Global Management, Managerial Functions in International Business, Business Process Reengineering,
TQM-Six Sigma, Information Technology in Management, Enterprise Resource Planning (ERP); Supply
Chain Management, Management of Innovation
Paper – II : MARKETING MANAGEMENT
Marketing Concept; Marketing Environment; Marketing Mix–4Ps vs 4Cs; Consumer Behaviour–Buying
Process, Segmentation, Targeting, Positioning; Product—Types, Product Life Cycle; Pricing—Methods;
Distribution—Channels; Promotion—Integrated Marketing Communications; Retailing—Recent Trends;
Service Marketing—Features 7Ps; International Marketing—Cultural Dimension; Modes of Entry; emarketing
Objectives; Functions; Sources of Finance; Working Capital Management; Cost of Capital; Operating and
Financial Leverage; Dividend Policies; Capital Budgeting; Financial Control
HUMAN RESOURCE MANAGEMENT
Importance; difference between Personnel Managemen t and HRM; Role of a HR Manager
Human Resources Planning-Objectives-Importance-Process- Manpower Estimation-Job analysis-Job
Recruitment-Sources of Recruitment-Selection Process-Placement and Induction
Retention of Employees; Training and Development- Objectives and Needs-Training Process-Methods of
Training-Tools and Aids-Evaluation of Training Programmes
Performance Management System-Definition, Concepts, Different methods of Performance Appraisal
Grievance Redressal—Concepts. Mechanisms
Productivity Management—Concepts, Employee Involvement, Quality Circles, Kaizen
Industrial Relations–Collective Bargaining-Settlement of Disputes
Concept, SWOT Analysis, PEST Analysis, Porter’s 5 Forces Framework, BCG Matrix, GE Model; Values and
Ethics; Corporate Governance; e-governance
Assignment; Transportation; Linear Programming (Graphical and Simplex methods); Network Analysis—
PERT and CPM
MECHANICAL ENGINEERING :
Paper – I : Paper – I
Theory of machines :
Kinematic and dynamic analysis of planer mechanisms. General description and working
principles of Belts, Cams, Gears and Gear trains. Inertia force analysis. Flywheels, Governors, Balancing of
rotating masses and in-line engines. Linear vibration analysis of mechanical systems – single degree of
freedom. Critical speeds and whirling of shafts.
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Mechanics of Solids :
Simple stress and strain – plane stress and plane strain, cases, Mohr’s circle. Relation of elastic
constants. Stress-strain relations due to uniaxial loading. Thermal stress. Bending Moment and Shear
Force diagrams of beams. Bending stress and shear stress in Bending. Deflection of beams. Torsion of
circular shafts. Combined stresses – thin wall pressure vessels. Struts and columns. Strain Energy concept.
Theories of failure.
Engineering Materials :
Basic concepts on structure of solids – crystalline materials. Defects in crystalline materials.
Binary phase diagram for selected alloys e.g Copper-Zinc, Copper-tin, Iron-Carbon.
Ferrous alloys – structure, properties and applications. Heat treatment of steels. Plastics, Ceramics and
composite materials – general character and uses.
Manufacturing Science :
Merchant force diagram. Tailors’ tool life equation. Machinability. Rigid, Small and Flexible Automation.
CNC concepts. Recent machining concepts — EDM, ECM,
Ultrasonic, Laser, Plasma. Introduction to Forming processes—Rolling, Forging, Extrusion. Surface finish
Manufacturing Management :
Production Planning and control, Forecasting-moving average, exponential smoothing. Operations
scheduling, assembly line balancing. Concept of Product development. Breakeven analysis, Capacity
planning. PERT and CPM. Inventory control – ABC analysis, EOQ model. Materials Requirement Planning.
Work measurement. Quality management.
Elements of Computation :
Computer Organization, Flow charting.
Features of common Computer Languages – C/FORTRAN and elementary programming.
Paper – II : 1. Thermodynamics :
Open, closed and isolated systems.
Ideal gas law, Ideal thermodynamics processes – pdv work; Thermodynamic Cycle,
1st law and 2nd law of Thermodynamics; Concepts of Internal Energy, Entropy and Reversibility –
Concept of Heat engine and Heat pump – efficiency and COP.
Application of 1st and 2nd laws of thermodynamics in closed and open system (SSFF Equation) – simple
- Vapour power cycles:- Rankine cycle and Modified Rankine cycle – simple problems.
- Air standard cycles : Otto, Diesel, Dual, Brayton and Bell-Colman. – pv and TS diagrams, simple
- Refrigeration : Joule Thomson cooling effect, vapour compression cycle – simple problems.
- IC Engine : a) S.I and C.I engines – basic principles of working, differences and applications, indicator
b) 2-stroke and 4-stroke engines: working principles and simple engine performance
calculations involving thermal , mechanical etc.
c) Combustion process, Basic idea about knocking and detonation. Cetane and Octan numbers.
d) Carburetion and Fuel injection-description only.
e) Exhaust gas analysis: ORSAT analysis.
f) Air – Fuel ratio – simple problems.
- Heat Transfer :
a) Fourier’s law of heat conduction. Derivations of unsteady 2-D heat conduction equation.
Numerical problems involving 1-D equation. Concept of Bi-number.
b) Steady state heat conduction in extended surface – derivation of related equation and simple
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c) Basic concept of free and forces convections – concept and significance of Nusselt number, Reynolds
number and Grashof number.
Simple problems with the help of empirical convection correlation for heat transfer.
d) Heat exchangers – types and use, Efficiency.
Concept of LMTD and NTU method for parallel flow and counter flow heat exchangers – simple
problems using LMTD method only.
e) Laws of radiation, Heat exchange between surfaces – black and non-black surfaces, View factor- simple
f) Refrigeration cycles and system components, Choice of Refrigerants, Problems related to
performance, COP of refrigeration system.
g) Airconditioning – system components and general description.
Comfort indices. Cooling load calculation using psychrometric chart.
- Fluid Mechanics :
a) Newton’s law of viscosity: statement and simple problems.
b) Hydrostatic force on submerged flat plate – simple problems
c) Flow parameter measurement – Manometer, Pitot tube, Weir, Venturi meter, Orifice
meter – working principles and simple problems.
d) Application of Bernoulli’s principle in simple engineering systems.
e) Head loss in pipe, Darcy – Weisbach equation, Friction factor as function of Reynolds number and
relative roughness, Minor loss, Simple system head loss calculations
f) Dimensional analysis – various dimensionless quantities, problems involving model tests and their use
in prototype performance prediction.
g) Different types of pumps and their applications, Concept of specific speed, System curve and Pump
performance curves – operating point.
- Power plant :
a) Thermal and Hydraulic Power plant components – description only.
b) Different types of hydraulic and steam turbines and their areas of application.
c) Modern High pressure, high duty boilers – description.
d) I.D., F.D and balanced draft boilers – description and simple problems, Dust removal systems –
e) Heat balance, Station and plant heat rates, Plant load factor, Load curve; Station economics – simple
MEDICAL SCIENCE :
Paper – I : Human Anatomy : Human Physiology : Biochemistry : Pathology : Microbiology : Pharmacology : Forensic
Medicine and Toxology.
Paper – II : General Medicine : General Surgery : Obstetrics and Gynaecology including Family Planning : Preventive
and Social Medicine.
Paper – I : Problems of Philosophy (European and Indian)
- Plato and Aristotle : Ideas, Substance; Form and Matter; Causation; Actuality and Potentiality.
- Rationalism (Descartes, Spinoza, Leibnitz) : Cartesian Method and Certain Knowledge;
Substance; God; Determinism and Freedom.
- Empiricism (Locke, Berkeley, Hume) : Theory of Knowledge; Substance and Qualities; Self and
- Kant : Possibility of Synthetic a priori judgments; Space and Time; Categories.
- Moore, Russell and Early Wittgenstein : Defence of Common sense; Refutation of Idealism;
Logical Atomism; Picture Theory of Meaning.
- Logical Positivism : Verification Theory of Meaning; Rejection of Metaphysics.
- Cârvâka : Theory of Knowledge; Metaphysics and Ethics.
- Jainism : Anekântavâda,; Saptabhanginaya.
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- Buddhism : Four Noble Truths; Pratîtyasamutpâda, Kşaņikavâda, Nairâtmyavâda.
- Nyâya – Vaiśesika : Theory of Categories; Theory of Pramâna; Self; Theory of Causation;
Atomistic Theory of Creation.
- Sâmkhya : Prakŗti; Puruşa; Causation; Theory of Evolution.
- Yoga : Citta; Cittavŗtti.
- Mîmâmsâ : Epistemology; Theory of Validity.
- Vedânta : Views of Śamkara and Râmânuja on Brahman; Îśvara; Âtman; Jîva; Jagat; Mâyâ;
- Swâmi Vivekânanda : Practical Vedânta.
- Sri Aurobindo : Evolution; Involution; Integral Yoga.
- Rabindranath Tagore: Nature of Man; Surplus in Man.
Paper – II : Socio – Political Philosophy and Psychology
- Social and Political Ideals : Equality, Justice, Liberty: Views of Mill, Locke, Rawls.
- Individual and State : Rights, Duties and Accountability.
- Political Ideologies : Anarchism, Marxism, Socialism and Democracy.
- Humanism; Secularism; Multiculturalism.
- Social Change : Gandhi, Ambedkar.
- Mind – Body Problem : Dualism, Philosophical Behaviourism, Person Theory of Strawson.
- Levels of Mind; Proofs for the existence of the unconscious; Freud’s theory of dream, citta,
Ethics and Philosophy of Religion
- Standards of Morality : Utilitarianism (Bentham and Mill), Deontological Theories.
- Virtue Ethics : Aristotle.
- Human Rights and Discrimination.
- Feminism : Liberal and Radical.
- Environmental Ethics : Bio-centric ethics and Eco-centric ethics.
- Theories of Punishment; Capital Punishment.
- Terrorism and Just war.
- Indian Ethics : Puruşârtha, Concept of Liberation, Anuvrata and Mahâvrata (Jainism),
- Proofs for the existence of God : Descartes, St. Anselm, Naiyâyikas.
- Religion without God, Religion and Morality.
- Religious Pluralism.
- Nature of Religious Language : Cognitive and Non-cognitive, Analogical and Symbolic.
Paper – I : 1. Biophysical Principles :
Definition and example of osmosis and buffers; Definition of pH.
- Biochemical Principles :
Definition and chemistry of monosaccharides, oligosaccharides, polysaccharides, triglycerides,
cholesterol, HDL, LDL, VLDL; amino acides, nucleotides.
- Metabolism :
Glycolysis, TCA Cycle, β-oxidation, deamination, transamination.
- Nutrition & Dietetics :
Definition of food groups, Balanced diet and ACU. Source, functions and deficiency symptoms of
vitamin A, B1, B6, B12, C, D, E, and Fe, Zn, Na, K, Ca, I.
- Blood :
Formed elements of blood, functions of hemoglobin; plasma protein. ABO and Rh Blood groups.
Overview of innate and acquired immunity.
- Heart and circulation :
Properties of cardiac muscle, cardiac cycle, definition and determination of cardiac output,
normal ECG waves.
- Respiratory System :
Carriage of oxygen and carbondioxide, definition of lung volumes and capacities, hypoxia.
- Renal Physiology :
Structure of nephron, formation of urine, non excretory functions of kidney.
Paper – II : 1. Nerve-Muscle Physiology: Structure and functions of skeletal muscle & nerve fibre,
classification of nerve fibres, neuromuscular junction, neuromuscular transmission, synaptic transmission,
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origin and propagation of nerve impulse, degeneration and regeneration in nerve fibres.
- Nervous system : Basic anatomical organization of the neurons system, ascending and
descending tracts, reflex arc, classification and properties of reflexes, functions of sympathetic and
parasympathetic neurons system, sleep, memory, learning and aphasia.
- Sensory physiology: Eye-structure of retina, accommodation, myopia, hypermetropia and
astigmatism; Ear-structure of middle and inner ear, transmission of sound wave through ear; structure of
taste buds and smell receptors.
- Skin and body temperature regulation: structure and functions of skin and sweat glands,
neural and hormonal control of body temperature.
- Endocrine system: structure and functions of pituitary, thyroid, parathyroid, pancreas and
adrenal gland diseases associated with hypo and hypersecretion of these glands.
- Reproductive physiology: Histology of testis and ovary, spermatogenesis, ovulation, menstrual
- Work physiology: Definition of 02 debt, 02max, static work, dynamic work and physical fitness
index (PFI), Body Mass Index (BMI).
- Environmental and social physiology: Air, water and noise pollution, mass immunization, ORS
and concept of safe drinking water.
Paper – I : 1. Mechanics:
a) Particle dynamics: Laws of motion, conservation principles. Inertia and inertial frame, Centripetal and
Coriolis acceleration. Motion under a central force, Kepler’s laws. Gravitational Field and potential – simple
examples. System of particles, centre of mass and laboratory reference frame. Elastic and inelastic
Generalised coordinate, degrees of freedom. Lagrange’s and Hamilton’s equations- simple applications.
b) Rigid body dynamics: Degrees of freedom of a rigid body. Euler angle. Moment of Inertia, parallel and
perpendicular axes theorem.
c) Properties of matter & fluid dynamics: Elasticity. Surface Tension. Viscosity. Equation of continuity.
- Special Relativity:
Michelson-Morley experiment. Lorentz transformation, length contraction, time dilation, addition of
velocities. Doppler effect, relativistic kinematics, mass energy relation. Four vector and covariance.
- Waves and Oscillations:
a) Oscillation: Simple harmonic motion, damped oscillation, forced oscillation and resonance. Fourier
series and its simple applications. Superposition, beats.
b) Waves: Equation of progressive wave, wave packets, phase and group velocities. Stationary waves,
reflection and refraction from Huygen’s principle.
c) Geometrical Optics: Fermat’s principle and laws of reflection and refraction. Matrix method in paraxial
optics, thin lens formula, nodal points, two thin lenses separated by a distance. Chromatic and spherical
d) Physical Optics: Spatial and temporal coherence. Interference of light, Young’s experiment. Stoke’s law,
thin films. Newton’s ring. Michelson interferometer.
Fraunhofer diffraction – single slit, double slit, diffraction grating. Fresnel diffraction, Zone plate.
e) Polarization: Linear and circularly polarized light, double refraction, quarter wave plate. Optical activity.
f) Laser: Einstein A and B coefficients. Ruby and He-Ne lasers.
- Electricity and Magnetism:
a) Electrostatics & Magnetostatics: Gauss and Stoke’s theorem. Laplace and Poisson equations and
boundary value problems. System of charges, multipole expansion of scalar potential. Method of images
and its applications. Dipole field and potential. Dipole in an external field. Dielectrics, polarization.
Boundary value problems for conducting & dielectric spheres in a uniform field.
Magnetic shell, uniformly magnetized sphere. Ferro-, para- and diamagnetic substances. Hysteresis in
b) Current electricity: Kirchhoff’s laws and their applications, Biot-Savart law, Ampere’s law, Faraday’s law,
Lenz’s law. Self and mutual inductances. Mean and rms values in AC circuits. DC & AC circuits with R, L
and C components. Series and parallel resonances. Q-factor. Basic principle of transformer.
c) Electromagnetic theory: Displacement current and Maxwell’s equations. Wave equations in vacuum,
Poynting theorem. Vector and Scaler potentials. Normal and anomalous dispersion.
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Laws of thermodynamics, change of entropy in different processes. Maxwell’s relations and its
applications. Clausius – Claperyon equation. Gibbs’ phase rule and chemical potential. Joule-Thomson
effect and liquification of gasses.
Paper – II : 1. Quantum Mechanics:
Wave-particle duality, Schrödinger equation and expectation value, uncertainty principle, Solutions of the
one-dimensional Schrödinger equation for a free particle (Gussian wave-packet) particle in a box, particle
in a finite well, linear harmonic oscillator, Reflection and transmission by a step potential and by a
rectangular barrier. Particle in a three dimensional box. Angular momentum. Hydrogen atom. Spin. Spin
half particle, properties of Pauli spin matrices.
Stern – Gerlach experiment, electron spin, fine structure of hydrogen atom, L-S coupling, J-J coupling,
Spectroscopic notation of atomic states, Zeeman effect, Raman Effect and molecular structure, Laser
- Statistical Physics:
Macro and micro states. Maxwell-Boltzmann, Bose-Einstein and Fermi-Dirac distributions. Partition
function. Distribution of molecular velocities in ideal gasses, equipartition theorem. Specific heat of solids,
Einstein and Debye theory. Blackbody radiation, Planck’s law, Stefan Boltzmann law. Rayleigh-Jeans
formula and Wein’s displacement law. Specific heat of electrons at low temperature.
- Nuclear and Particle Physics:
Basic nuclear properties – size, binding energy, angular momentum, parity, magnetic moment; Semiempirical mass formula and applications, mass parabolas; Shell model of the nucleus-successes and
limitations; Violation of parity in beta decay; Q-value of nuclear reactions; Nuclear fission and fusion,
energy production in stars;
Classification of elementary particles and their interactions; Conservation laws;
- Solid State Physics:
Crystalline and amorphous structure of matter; Different crystal systems. Methods of determination of
crystal structure; X-ray diffraction; Band theory of solids-conductors, insulators and semiconductors;
Magnetism; dia, para and ferromagnetism; Elements of superconductivity,
Intrinsic and extrinsic semiconductors, p-n-p and n-p-n transistors, Amplifiers, Oscillators-Hartley,
Weinbridge and crystal oscillators, Op-amps, FET, JFET and MOSFET. Digital electronics-Boolean identities.
De Morgan’s laws. Logic gates and truth tables. Simple logic circuits.
POLITICAL SCIENCE :
Paper – I : Group – A
Western Political Thought – Plato, Aristotle, Machiavelli, Rousseau, Bentham, J. S. Mill, Marx.
Indian Political Thought – Kautilya, Rammohan Roy, Vivekananda, Syed Ahmed Khan, Rabindranath,
Political Concepts – State, Civil Society, Government, Governance, Power, Authority, Nation, Nationalism,
Political Ideas – Rights, Duties, Liberty, Equality, Justice, Rule of Law, People Participation.
Political Ideologies – Liberalism, Democratic Socialism, Feminism, Terrorism.
Different aspects of Democracy – Meaning and Theories of Democracy; Direct vs Representative
Democracy; Electoral System; Electoral Reforms.
Political Process – Party System, Single Party, Bi Party, and Multi Party Systems; National Parties and
Regional Parties; Lobbyists and Pressure Groups.
Forms of Government – Dictatorial vs Democratic; Totalitarian vs Liberal. Presidential vs Parliamentary,
Unitary vs Federal.
Social Movements – Environmental movements, Women’s movements, Human rights movements.
Basic features of Indian Constitution – Constituent assembly, Salient Features of the Indian Constitution,
Nature of Indian Federation, Centre-State relations, Legislative, Executive and Financial-Fiscal dimensions,
Evolving political trends.
Fundamental Rights – Directive Principles & Fundamental duties – Constitutional provisions and judicial
interpretations regarding fundamental rights.
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Union Legislature – Composition, Powers and Functions of Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha, Functioning of the
Union Executive – President, Vice President – Election, Position, Functions, Prime Minister, Council of
Ministers, Relationship between President and Prime Minister.
The Judiciary – Supreme Court and the High Courts, Composition and Functions, Judicial review and Judicial
activism, Public interest litigations, Judicial reforms.
Government in the States – Governor, Chief Minister and Council of Ministers, Position and Functions.
State Legislature – Composition and Functions.
Local Government and Politics – Panchayati Raj: Evaluation, Structure, Powers and Functions, Municipal
Government; Significance of 73rd and 74th amendments; Role of women, SCs & STs in Local Government.
Bureaucracy – Classical administration and Development Administration; Changing role of bureaucracy in
Post-Colonial India, “Representative” bureaucracy, Issues of bureaucratic accountability.
Social Processes – Role of Peasants and Workers in Indian Politics; Role of Interest / Pressure Groups;
Regionalism, Casteism, Linguism and Communalism in Indian Politics; Issues of Criminalisation,
Corruption; Citizens’ movements.
Paper – II : Public Administration and International Relations
Group – A
Theories of Administration – Scientific Management, Classical Theory, Weber’s theory of bureaucracy,
Riggsian Model of Echological Approach to Public Administration.
Forms of Public Organizations – Ministries and Departments; Corporations, Boards and Commissions.
Principles of Organization – (a) Hierachy (b) Unity of Command (c) Span of Control (d) Authority (e)
Centralization, Decentralization and Delegation, (f) Line and Staff.
Processes of administration – (a) Decision – making and Policy Formulation (b) Communication and Control
(c) Leadership (d) Co-ordination.
Accountability and Control – Legislative, Executive and Judicial Control over administration; Role of Civil
Society; Public opinion and Media; Right to Information; Administrative Corruption; Grievance Redressal
Machineries like Ombudsman.
Development Administration – Evolution of the Concept; Basic features.
Control of Public Expenditure – Parliamentary Control, Control of Parliamentary Committees;
Indian Administration – Continuity and Charge – brief historical outline.
Recruitment and Training of Civil Servants in India – Role of Union and State Public Service Commissions
and Training Institution.
Organization of the Union Government in India – PMO, Cabinet Secretariat, Secretariat Administration.
Organization of the State Governments in India – Chief Secretary – Relationship between Secretariats and
District Administration in India – Changing role of District Officers, Sub-divisional Officers & Block Officer;
their interfaces with Local Self Government.
Some Basic Concepts of International Relations – (a) Balance of Power (b) Collective Security (c) Bi-polarity
and Unipolarity (d) Neo-Colonialism (e) Globalization.
Foreign Policy – Concept and Techniques; Determinants of foreign policy.
Evolution of World Politics – League of Nations; United Nations; Cold War; Detente; Collapse of the Soviet
Union; Regional Integrations; International Terrorism.
Non-Alignment – Evolution of the Movement and Role of India.
Major Issues in Indian Foreign Policy – Sino-Indian relations, Indo-Pak conflicts and the liberation of
Bangladesh, developments in Sri Lanka, Indian role in promoting regional cooperation through S.A.A.R.C.,
the Kashmir question and India becoming a nuclear power. India and South East Asia; India’s relations with
U.S.A., China, Japan & Russia. India on the question of nuclear weapon. India and the U.N. system-India’s
role in U.N. peace keeping and global disarmament. India and the emerging international economic order.
Recent Global Issues – Egypt, Lebanon and Lybia.
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Paper – I : Basic psychological processes and development
Scope and Methods of Psychology – Biological basis of behaviour
- Cognitive Processes:
A) Sensation: attributes of sensation, psychophysics (weber-Fechner Law), Methods of
B) Attention: determinants of attention, fluctuation of attention, selectivity of attention
C) Perception: Movement, space, depth and time perception, perceptual organization,
- Learning.: Conditions of Learning
Theory of classical conditioning
Theory of operant conditioning
Trial and error theory
Theory of insight learning
- Memory: Encoding, storage, retrieval
Types of Memory (STM & LTM, ICONIC, Echoic & Procedural)
Theories of forgetting
- Motivation and Emotion: Physiological and psychological basis of motivation and emotion
Intrinsic and extrinsic motivation – factors influencing intrinsic motivation
Theories of motivation – Maslow, Mcclelland
Theories of Emotion – James-Lange Theory, Canon-Bard and
Effects of Motivation and emotion on behaviour
Spearman’s two factor theory
Thurstone’ s theory
Guilford’s structure of intellect
Measurement of intelligence – IQ & deviation IQ, Tests of intelligence – Stanford Binet
Types of intelligence – Social, abstract, concrete, emotional, artificial, spiritual
Gifted and mentally challenged children
Piaget’s theory of cognitive development ~ Problem solving
Creative thinking – Nature and stages
- Attitude, Values and Interest
Definition of attitude, values and interests
Value – concept, development and measurement
Attitude – formation, measurement and change concept
Stereotype, prejudice, discrimination
Measurement, reduction of prejudice
- Interest – concept and measurement
- Development of behaviour : From birth to adolescence
Paper – II : 1. Personality
Theories of personality – Freud, Erikson, Eysenck and Rogers
- Individual Difference:
Nature – Nurture controversy
Nature – nurture controversy
Character and construction of standardized psychological tests, types of tests
- Mental health & adjustment – concept of mental health & wellbeing
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Stress & health – nature, types, causes and consequence of stress
Adjustment – criteria of adjustment
Management of stress
- Psychological Disorders
Causes of abnormal behaviour
Substance abuse disorders
5 .. Psychotherapy
Cognitive Behaviour therapy
Client centered therapy
- Organizational psychology
Personal selection, job analysis methods
Theories of motivation, Herzberg, Alderfer
Conflict in organization – sources, types
Organizational culture and climate
Occupational health hazards
Types of group
Group versus team – Influence of primary and secondary group on society
Structure and functions of group
Leadership – Characteristics of a good leader with special reference to trans actual and
- Social problems
Problems of social integration caste, class and religion
Delinquency and crime
Psychosocial problems related to old age
- Application of Psychology to different fields
a) Rehabilitation – concept, primary, secondary and tertiary prevention
b) Education – Psychology, principles underlying effective teaching-learning
c) Motivating and training people for entrepreneurship and economic development
- Psychology and Methodology
Normal probability curve
Parametric and non-parametric statistics – characteristics
Research variables and their control
Techniques of sampling
Paper – I : Fundamentals of Sociology :
a) Modernity and social changes in Europe and emergence of Sociology.
b) Scope of the subject and comparison with other social sciences.
c) Sociology and common sense.
Pathfinders of Sociology :
a) Karl Marx – Historical materialism, mode of production, alienation, class struggle.
b) Emile Durkheim, Social fact, collective consciousness and social solidarity, suicide,
religion and society.
c) Max Weber – Social action, ideal types, types of authority and bureaucracy. Protestant
ethic and the spirit of capitalism.
d) Simmel : Formal Sociology : Forms & Types; Subjective & Objective Culture, Money;
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e) Contemporary interpretations of Modern Sociology:
Talcolt Parsons – Social system and its four major problems, pattern variables.
Robert K. Merton – Latent and manifest function and dysfunction, conformity and
deviance, reference groups.
f) Social System : Equilibrium, status, role, culture, heredity and environment, social
control, conformity & deviance, forms of interaction, social interaction and everyday
life. Types of human groups. Personality and socialization. Power, authority, legitimacy,
sociology of political life. Religion in relation to solidarity and social conflict, magic,
science and morality.
Social aspects of production, distribution, exchange and consumption.
g) Individual & groups : Personality & Socialization, classification of groups & their
Inequality, Stratification & Mobility :
a) Concepts – equality, inequality, hierarchy, exclusion, poverty and deprivation.
b) Social mobility – open and closed systems, types of mobility, sources and consequences
Economy & Society :
a) Social aspects of production, distribution, exchange & consumption, Social
organization of work in different types of Society – slave society, feudal society,
industrial / capitalist society, post – industrial society.
b) Formal and informal organization of work.
c) Labour & Society.
Politics and Society :
a) Power elite, bureaucracy, pressure groups and political parties.
b) Nation – state, citizenship, democracy, civil society, ideology.
c) Protest, agitation, social movements, collective action, revolution.
Religion & Society :
a) Religion in modern society: religion and science, secularization, religious revivalism,
b) Magic, religion & morality and science.
Science & Technology :
a) Ethos of science;
b) Scientific temper;
c) Social responsibility of science;
d) Social control of science;
e) Social consequences of science and technology;
f) Technology and social change.
Social research and methods of enquiry:
a) Importance of social research.
b) Survey Method – Questionnaires and interviews as technique.
c) Field Method – Observation (participant and non-participant) as technique.
d) Experimentation in Sociology.
Social & cultural change in modern society :
a) Development and dependency,
b) Agents of social change,
c) Education & social change,
d) Science, Technology & social change,
e) Dominant Culture,
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f) Celebrity Culture.
Paper – II : Society & Culture in India :
Unity & diversity, modernity and tradition, contestation.
Approaches to the study of Indian Society :
Indological (Ghurye); Structural-functional (Srinivas); Marxist / Dialectical (Desai) ; Dalit (Ambedkar).
Major Social Groups :
Religious groups, linguistic and regional groups, castes & tribes.
Some Major Institutions :
Marriage, family, kinship patterns and changes affecting those; gender socialization; division of labour and
economic interdependence, decision-making, centres of power and political participation; religion and
society; Education, inequality, social change, contemporary trends.
Social Inequality :
Nature and types; traditional concepts of hierarchy, caste and class; the Backward Classes; concepts of
equality and social justice in relation to traditional hierarchies; education, occupation; changing patterns
Social change in modern India :
Westernization, Sanskritisation and secularization; directed and undirected change; legislative
and executive measures; social reforms; social movements; industrialization & urbanization; associations
and pressure groups.
Women & children :
Demographic profile of women; special problems – dowry, atrocities, discrimination; existing
programmes for women and their impact. Situational analysis of children; child welfare programmes.
Globalisation & ecological crisis in India :
Ecological and Environmental movements in India.
Social problems in India :
1) Poverty in rural and urban areas,
2) Child labour,
3) Problem of youth,
4) Drug addiction,
5) Juvenile delinquency,
6) Problems relating to old age,
7) Population problem,
8) Mass illiteracy,
9) Problem of violence.
Paper – I : Probability theory:
Definition of probability: Classical and relative-frequency approach to probability, Kolmogorov’s Axiomatic
definition (detailed discussion on discrete space only), limitations of Classical definition. Probability of
union and intersection of events, Conditional probability and Independence of events, Bayes’ Theorem and
Random Variables : Definition of discrete and continuous random variables, cumulative distribution
function (c.d.f.) and its properties (with proof), probability mass function (p.m.f.) and probability density
function (p.d.f.), Expectation and Moments, Joint distribution of two random variables, marginal and
conditional distributions, Statistical Independence.
Convergence in Probability, Weak Law of Large Numbers and its applications, Convergence in Distribution,
Chebyshev’s inequality, Statement of Central Limit Theorem (i.i.d. case) & its applications.
Point & Interval Estimations and Testing of Hypothesis:
Point estimation: Requirements of a good estimator – notions of Mean Square Error, Consistency,
Unbiasedness: Minimum Variance Unbiasedness and Best Linear Unbiasedness. Sufficiency and
factorization theorem, Rao-Balckwellisation, Methods of estimation- moments, least square, maximum
likelihood and minimum chi-square
Elements of Hypothesis Testing : Null and Alternative hypotheses, Simple and Composite hypotheses,
Critical Region, Type I and Type II Errors, Level of Significance and Size, p-value, Power. MP and UMP
tests, Neyman Pearson lemma, Likelihood ratio tests.
Interval Estimation: Confidence intervals, Concepts of Uniformly Most Accurate (UMA) confidence sets,
relationship with tests of hypotheses.
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Multivariate data – multiple regression, multiple correlation and partial correlation – their properties and
Random Vector: Probability mass and density functions, Distribution Function, Mean vector and Dispersion
matrix, Marginal and Conditional Distributions, Ellipsoid of Concentration, Multiple Regression, Multiple
Correlation, Partial Correlation, Multonomial and Multivariate Normal Distributions.
Concepts of a Finite Population and a Sample, Need for Sampling, Complete Enumeration and Sample
General Ideas: Planning and execution of sample surveys, analysis of data and reporting, Biases and
Errors. Judgement and probability sampling. Tables of Random Numbers and their uses Simple Random
Sampling with and without replacement, Determination of sample size in simple random sampling,
Stratified random sampling, Systematic sampling, Cluster and multistage sampling, ratio and regression
methods of estimation.
Analysis of variance and Design of Experiments:
Heterogeneity and Analysis of Variance and Covariance, Linear Hypothesis, Orthogonal splitting of total
variation, applications of the ANOVA technique to: one-way classified data, two-way classified data with
equal number of observations per cell (fixed effects model only).
Principles of experimental design: Randomization, Replication and Local Control, Uniformity trials, Shapes
and Sizes of Plots and Blocks.
Standard Designs and their Analyses: Completely Randomized Design (CRD), Randomized Block Design
(RBD) and Latin Square Design. Factorial Designs- 22
Paper – II : Industrial Statistics:
Introduction: Concepts of Quality and Quality Control, Process Control and Product Control.
Process Control: Control Charts and their uses, Choice of Subgroup sizes, Construction of control charts by
attributes (p, c, np) (including unequal subgroup size) and variables ( , R). Interpretation of non-random
patterns of points.
Product Control: Producer’s Risk, Consumer’s Risk, Acceptance Sampling Plan, Single and Double sampling
plans by attributes, their OC, ASN ( and ATI ), LTPD and AOQL , Sequential sampling plan- OC and ASN.
Concept of Reliability, failure rate and reliability functions, reliability of series and parallel systems.
Index Numbers: Price, Quantity and Value indices.
Price Index Numbers: Construction, Uses, Limitations, Tests for index numbers,Various formulae and their
comparisons, Chain Index Number.
Some Important Indices: Consumer Price Index, Wholesale Price Index and Index of Industrial Production –
methods of construction and uses.
Measurement of income inequality: Gini’s coefficient, Lorenz curves, Application of Pareto and Lognormal
as income distributions.
Introduction: Sources of Population Data – Census data, Registration data and the errors in such data.
Rates and ratios of vital events.
Measurements of Mortality: Crude Death rate, Specific Death Rate, Standardized death Rate, Case fatality
rate and Cause of Death Rate, Infant Mortality Rate, Neonatal and Perinatal Mortality Rates.
Life tables: Descriptions of Complete and Abridged Life Tables and their uses, Cohort vs. Current Life
Tables, Stable population and Stationary population, Construction of complete life table from population
and death statistics.
Measurements of Fertility: Crude Birth Rate, General Fertility Rate, Age Specific Fertility Rate, Total
Fertility Rate. Growth Curve models.
Time Series Analysis:
Introduction: Examples of time series from various fields, Components of a times series, Additive and
Trend and Seasonal Components: Estimation of trend by linear filtering (simple and weighted movingaverages ) and curve fitting ( polynomial, exponential ), Estimation of seasonal component by ratio to
moving-average method, ratio to trend method, some special processes-: Moving Average process, Auto
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Regressive processes of orders one and two, Exponential smoothing method of forecasting.
Linear Programming: Formulation of LP problems, Simple LP model and its graphical solution, Simplex
The Statistical system in India: The Central and State Government organizations, the functions of the
Central Statistical Organization (CSO), National Sample Survey Organization (NSSO) and West Bengal
Bureau of Applied Economics and Statistics.
National Income statistics: Income, expenditure and production approaches. Their applications in various
sectors in India.
Paper – I : Group A : Short/objective questions.
This group will cover the whole content of the Paper (I)
Group B : Non-Chordata & Chordata
- Outline classifications of Protozoa upto Phyla
- Outline classifications of Porifera to Hemichordata upto classes.
- Classification of chordata upto orders.
Non Chordata Locomotion in Protozoa Annelida, Insecta & Mollusca,
Excretion and Osmoregulation in Annelida, Arthropoda & Mollusca.
Sense organs in Mollusca and Arthropoda.
Conjugation in ciliates
Polymorphism in Siphonophora
Coral reefs: types and formation
Evolutionary position of Onychophora, Limulus
Social Organisation in insects – Honey bee & Termites
Chordata Specialized Features:
Ciliary mode of feeding in lower chordates.
Integumentary derivatives in mammals.
Comparative anatomy of heart, aortic arches & Kidney
Respiratory structure and function in fish, bird and mammals.
Evolutionary position of Sphenodon and Monotremata
Poison apparatus, Biting mechanism and types of poison in snakes.
Retrogressive metamorphosis, Neoteny and paedogenesis.
Migration of Birds
Aerodynamics in birds flight.
Echolocation in Chiroptera and Caetacea
Group C : Ecology, Biodiversity and Ethology
Energy flow, Population Dynamics — Growth forms, mortality, natality, population
Niche concept and resource Partitioning
Pollution : Green house effect, Pollutants types and nature. Acute and chronic toxicity due to air
and water pollution.
Innate and learned behaviour, FAP (Fixed Action Plan), Selfishness, Co-operation, Altruism and Kinship
Biodiversity : Definition, Levels, values, in-situ and Ex-situ conservation, Hot spots, megadiversity
Wildlife management strategies with reference to Tiger, Rhino and Elephant,
Elementary concept on remote sensing for sustainable diversity.
Systematics and Quantitative Biology
Codes of Zoological nomenclature, species concept, phenetics and cladistics.
Measure of Central Tendency, Probability, Student t test Chi square, ANOVA, Goodness of fit.
Paper – II : Group A : Short/objective questions.
This group will cover the whole content of the Paper (II)
Group B :
Cell Biology & Genetics :
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Ultra structure & functioning of – Plasmamembrane, Golgi complex, Mitochondria, ER, Lysosome,
Chromosome, Nucleosome, Cell cycle.
Allele : Types, ABO blood group, Bombay phenotype, 3 point chromosome mapping in diploid with
problems. Autosomal & sex linked inheritance in Drosophila & Man, Sex determinations in Drosophila &
Man. Replication, Transcription and m RNA processing & Translation in prokaryots. Operon concept – Lac
& Tryptophan, Mutations & Mutagenesis, Down, Klinefelter and Turner syndrome, Albinisim, Sickle cell
anaemia, Thalassemia, Recombinant DNA : Vector, Principle of cloning, Restriction Endonucleases
Transgenic animals. Role of protooncogene & Tumor Supressor Genes. Human Genome Project.
Histology & Endocrinology :
Histology : Cell types and functions. Pituitary, endocrine pancreas, gonads, Thyroid, adrenal. Mechanism
of hormone action, Basic concept of cell signalling. Hormonal control of reproductive cycles in mammals.
General idea of insect endocrine glands and their function.
Physiology & Biochemistry : Enzymes : Classes, kinetics and factors affecting enzyme action.
Osmoregulation : Types and mechanism in aquatic vertebrates.
Macromolecules : Protein, fat & carbohydrates. Glycolysis, pentose phosphate pathway, Transamination
& oxidative and non-oxidative deamination. Role of haemoglobin in oxygen & carbon di oxide transport,
Foetal haemoglobin, Physiology of nerve impulse and propagation, Muscular contraction, Vitamines.
Principles and use of instruments – Spectrophotometer, TLC, RAPD, RFLP, PCR, ELISA , DNA finger printing.
Group C :
Gametogenesis, fertilization, IVF basic concept, cleavage-types and examples. Gastrulation in frog and chick.
Organizer, induction and competence. Placenta : Types and formation. Organogenesis : Eye and heart.
Evolution & adaptation :
Origin of life, natural selection : modern view, Neutral theory.
Evolution : Elephant, Horse & Man.
Hardy Weinberg equilibrium and factors affecting it.
Fossilization, Zoogeographical realms, continental drift, Adaptive features of Aquatic, Volant and desert
animals. Mimicry and colouration.
Economic Zoology : Pisciculture, Apiculture, Sericulture & Poultry. Types of cattle breed in India.
Common pests of paddy, wheat and jute – damage & control, IPM.
Parasitology & Immunology : Morphology, Life-cycle, Pathogenecity and control of Plasmodium,
Leishmania, Taenia, Fasciola, Ancylostoma & Wuchereria. Immunoglobulin classification, T & B cell
cooperation. T cell receptors, cytokines, complements. Antigen-antibody reaction. Principles and
importance of vaccination. Pathophysiology of Tuberculosis, Types of virus.
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