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  • Inventions And Discoveries In Biology – Notes For W.B.C.S. Examination.
    Posted on April 19th, 2019 in Paper IV : General Studies II
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    Inventions And Discoveries In Biology – Notes For W.B.C.S. Examination.

    • The following table illustrates important inventions and discoveries in Biology.Continue Reading Inventions And Discoveries In Biology – Notes For W.B.C.S. Examination.
    Name of inventions/discoveries Discoverers & Inventors
    Systemic circulation of blood William Harvey
    Observation of microorganisms Antony van Leeuwenhoek
    Sex hormones Eugen Stainak
    Simple microscope Anton van Leeuwenhoek
    Stethoscope René Laennec
    First test tube baby Robert Edward and Patrick Steptoe
    Vaccination Edward Jenner
    Vitamin Casimir Funk
    CT scan Godfrey Hounsfield & Allan Cormack
    DNA Rosalind Franklin and Maurice Wilkins
    DNA Structure James Watson and Francis Crick
    DNA Fingerprinting Alec Jeffreys
    Electrocardiogram (ECG) Willem Einthoven
    5 kingdom classification R. H. Whittaker
    Genetic code Marshall Nirenberg and Heinrich J. Matthaei
    Genetic drift Sewall Wright
    Father of heart transplantation Norman Shumway
    Heart transplantation first performed Christiaan Barnard
    Hormone William Bayliss
    Insulin Frederick Banting and Charles H. Best
    Malaria Parasite Charles Louis Alphonse Laveran
    Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) Damadian
    Open heart surgery Dr. Daniel Hale Williams. And Dr. Daniel Williams
    Penicillin Alexander Fleming
    Polio vaccine Jonas Salk and a team
    Rh factor in human blood Dr. Alexander S. Wiener and Karl Landsteiner
    Cancer Hippocrates
    Blood group (ABO group) Karl Landsteiner
    Binomial nomenclature Carl Linnaeus
    Bacteria (& protozoa) Van Leeuwenhoek
    Aspirin Felix Hoffmann at Bayer in Germany
    Jarvik-7 (first artificial heart) Willem Johan Kolff and Robert Jarvik
    Anthrax vaccine Pasteur
    Amoeba August Johann Rösel von Rosenhof
    Oxygen in respiration and photosynthesis Joseph Priestley, Antoine Lavoisier and Jan Ingenhousz
    Animal electricity Luigi Galvani
    Cell Robert Hooke
    Cell Theory Schleiden and Schwann
    Chromosomes Hofmeister
    Chioroplast Schimper
    Mitochondria Kolliker
    Nucleus Robert Brown
    Nucleoplasm Strasburger
    Enzyme Anselme Payen
    Mitosis Walther Flemming
    Meiosis Oscar Hertwig
    Mutations Thomas Hunt Morgan and Lilian Vaughan Morgan
    Virus Dmitri Ivanovsky & Martinus Beijerinck

     

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