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  • UPSC Mains Syllabus – For Public Administration Optional Subject.
    Posted on March 2nd, 2021 in Main Exam
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    UPSC Mains Syllabus – For Public Administration Optional Subject.

    UPSC Civil Services Mains Exam has Public Administration as one of the Optional Subjects with 2 papers (Optional Paper I and Paper II). The Mains stage of IAS Exam has 9 papers.Continue Reading UPSC Mains Syllabus – For Public Administration Optional Subject.

    Public Administration – Paper I (Administrative Theory)
    1. Introduction :
    • Meaning, scope, and significance of Public Administration, 
    • Wilson’s vision of Public Administration,
    • Evolution of the discipline and its present status. 
    • New Public Administration, 
    • Public Choice approach; 
    • Challenges of liberalization, Privatisation, Globalisation; 
    • Good Governance: concept and application; 
    • New Public Management.
    1. Administrative Thought :
    • Scientific Management and Scientific Management movement; 
    • Classical Theory; 
    • Weber’s bureaucratic model its critique and post-Weberian Developments; 
    • Dynamic Administration (Mary Parker Follett); 
    • Human Relations School (Elton Mayo and others); 
    • Functions of the Executive (C.I. Barnard); 
    • Simon’s decision-making theory; 
    • Participative Management (R. Likert, C. Argyris, D. McGregor.)
    1. Administrative Behaviour:
    • Process and techniques of decision-making; 
    • Communication; 
    • Morale; 
    • Motivation Theories content, 
    • process and contemporary; 
    • Theories of Leadership: 
    • Traditional and Modem:
    1. Organisations:
    • Theories systems, contingency; 
    • Structure and forms: 
    • Ministries and Departments, 
    • Corporations, Companies; 
    • Boards and Commissions; 
    • Ad hoc, and advisory bodies; 
    • Headquarters and Field relationships; 
    • Regulatory Authorities; 
    • Public-Private Partnerships.
    1. Accountability and Control :
    • Concepts of accountability and control; 
    • Legislative, Executive and Judicial control over administration; 
    • Citizen and Administration; 
    • Role of media, interest groups, voluntary organizations; 
    • Civil society; 
    • Citizen’s Charters; 
    • Right to Information; 
    • Social audit.
    1. Administrative Law:
    • Meaning, scope and significance; 
    • Dicey on Administrative law; 
    • Delegated legislation; 
    • Administrative Tribunals.
    1. Comparative Public Administration:
    • Historical and sociological factors affecting administrative systems; 
    • Administration and politics in different countries; 
    • Current status of Comparative Public Administration; 
    • Ecology and administration; 
    • Riggsian models and their critique.
    1. Development Dynamics:
    • Concept of development; 
    • Changing profile of development administration; 
    • ‘Anti-development thesis’; 
    • Bureaucracy and development; 
    • Strong state versus the market debate; 
    • Impact of liberalization on administration in developing countries; 
    • Women and development of the self-help group movement.
    1. Personnel Administration :
    • Importance of human resource development; Recruitment, 
    • training, 
    • career advancement, 
    • position classification, 
    • discipline, performance appraisal, 
    • promotion, pray and service conditions; 
    • employer-employee relations, 
    • grievance redressal mechanism; 
    • Code of conduct; 
    • Administrative ethics.
    1. Public Policy:
    • Models of policy-making and their critique; 
    • Processes of conceptualization, planning, implementation, monitoring, evaluation and review, and their limitations; 
    • State theories and public policy formulation.
    1. Techniques of Administrative Improvement :
    • Organisation and methods, 
    • Work study and work management; 
    • e-governance and information technology; 
    • Management aid tools like network analysis, 
    • MIS, PERT, CPM.
    1. Financial Administration :

    Monetary and fiscal policies: 

    Public Administration – Paper-II (Indian Administration)
    1. Evolution of Indian Administration:
    • Kautilya Arthashastra; 
    • Mughal administration; 
    • Legacy of British rule in politics and administration Indianization of Public services, revenue administration, district administration, local self Government.
    1. Philosophical and Constitutional framework of Government :
    • Salient features and value premises; 
    • Constitutionalism; Political culture; 
    • Bureaucracy and democracy; 
    • Bureaucracy and development.
    1. Public Sector Undertakings:
    • Public sector in modern India; 
    • Forms of Public Sector Undertakings; 
    • Problems of autonomy, accountability and control; 
    • Impact of liberalization and privatization.
    1. Union Government and Administration:
    • Executive, Parliament, Judiciary-structure, functions, work processes; 
    • Recent trends; Intra-governmental relations; 
    • Cabinet Secretariat; Prime Minister’s Office; 
    • Central Secretariat; 
    • Ministries and Departments; 
    • Boards; Commissions; 
    • Attached offices; 
    • Field organizations.
    1. Plans and Priorities:
    • The machinery of planning; 
    • Role, composition, and functions of the Planning Commission and the National Development Council; 
    • ‘Indicative’ planning;
    • Process of plan formulation at Union and State levels; 
    • Constitutional Amendments (1992) and decentralized planning for economic development and social justice.
    1. State Government and Administration :
    • Union-State administrative, legislative, and financial relations; 
    • Role of the Finance Commission; 
    • Governor; Chief Minister; 
    • Council of Ministers; 
    • Chief Secretary; State Secretariat; Directorates.
    1. District Administration since Independence :
    • Changing role of the Collector; 
    • Union-State-local relations;
    •  Imperatives of development management and law and order administration; 
    • District administration and democratic decentralization.
    1. Civil Services :
    • Constitutional position; 
    • Structure, recruitment, training and capacity building; 
    • Good governance initiatives; 
    • Code of conduct and discipline; 
    • Staff associations; Political rights; 
    • Grievance redressal mechanism; 
    • Civil service neutrality; 
    • Civil service activism.
    1. Financial Management :
    • Budget as a political instrument; 
    • Parliamentary control of public expenditure; 
    • Role of finance ministry in monetary and fiscal area; 
    • Accounting techniques; 
    • Audit; 
    • Role of Controller General of Accounts and Comptroller and Auditor General of India.
    1. Administrative Reforms since Independence :
    • Major concerns; 
    • Important Committees and Commissions; 
    • Reforms in financial management and human resource development; 
    • Problems of implementation.
    1. Rural Development :
    • Institutions and agencies since Independence; 
    • Rural development programmes: 
    • foci and strategies; 
    • Decentralization and Panchayati Raj; 
    • 73rd Constitutional amendment.
    1. Urban Local Government :
    • Municipal governance: main features, structures, finance and problem areas; 
    • 74th Constitutional Amendment; 
    • Global-local debate; New localism; 
    • Development dynamics, politics and administration with special reference to city management.
    1. Law and Order Administration:
    • British legacy; 
    • National Police Commission; 
    • Investigative agencies; 
    • Role of Central and State Agencies including paramilitary forces in maintenance of law and order and countering insurgency and terrorism; 
    • Criminalization of politics and administration; 
    • Police-public relations; Reforms in Police.
    1. Significant issues in Indian Administration:
    • Values in public service; Regulatory Commissions; 
    • National Human Rights Commission; 
    • Problems of administration in coalition regimes; 
    • Citizen administration interface; 
    • Corruption and administration; 
    • Disaster management.



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