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    Posted on March 7th, 2017 in Exam Details (QP Included), Geography
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    WBCS Exe Etc Exam Main Optional Subject Geography Syllabus

    GEOGRAPHY :

    Paper – I : PRINCIPLES OF GEOGRAPHY (GROUP – A : PHYSICAL GEOGRAPHY)

    Geomorphology

    Nature and composition of earth’s crust; Structure of earth’s interior; Origin, distribution
    and permanency of Continents and Ocean Basins; Theories of isostasy, continental drift, Bio energy cycle,
    and plate tectonics; Earth movements – types and effects; Geographical features – Fundamental concepts in
    geomorphology; Gradational processes – weathering and masswasting, Folding and Faulting; Landforms due to fluvial. glacial. aeolian, coastal and karst processes; Evolution of landforms– cyclic and
    non-cyclic models; Global hydrological cycle.Continue Reading WBCS Exe Etc Exam Main Optional Subject Geography Syllabus.

    Climatology

    Atmosphere – nature, composition and structure , Biosphere – nature , composition and structure; Elements and factors of weather and
    climate; Insolation and Heat-budget; General circulation of winds, Jet Streams and
    Monsoons; Condensation and Precipitation; Airmass and fronts; Tropical and Extratropical cyclones; Thunderstorm and tornado; Climatic classification – principles and
    application(Koppen, Thorntwaite, Trewartha); Global climatic changes.

    Oceanography

    Origin of continents and ocean basins; Bottom topography of ocean basins: Indian, Pacific
    & Atlantic Oceans; Nature, origin and characteristics of continental shelves, Trenches,  and slopes,
    submarine canyons and coral reefs and atolls; Ocean currents: Indian, Pacific and Atlantic
    oceans; Physical and Chemical properties of ocean water: temperature, salinity and
    density; TS Diagram and Watermass; Ocean Deposits; Marine Resources.

    Environmental Geography

    Nature and composition of Biosphere; Concepts relating to Ecosystem – production and
    decomposition, homoeostasis, energy environment, productivity, food chain, food web,
    trophic structure, ecological niche, ecological pyramids, and ecological crisis; Ecosystem – Grasslands
    principles and components; Components, Geomorphic processes , Bio-energy Cycles and Biogeochemical cycles;
    Major Ecosystems of the world; Environmental degradation and conservation;
    Environmental pollution – land, water, air and noise; Natural hazards and natural disaster
    characteristics, mitigation and global efforts.

    Cartography

    The Earth as a Cartographic Problem – size and shape; co-ordinate system; scale and
    map projection; Principles and properties of Polar Zenithal. Conical. Cylindrical and
    Conventional projections (all normal case); Thematic mapping – types and techniques;
    Principles of Surveying and Levelling with Chain, Plane Table, Dumpy level and GPS;
    Remote Sensing nature and principles; Geographical Information System – evolution,
    components, and functionality.

    GROUP – B : HUMAN GEOGRAPHY

    Economic Geography

    Concepts and theories of resources; Locational analysis of agriculture (intensive
    subsistence in monsoon lands, extensive commercial farming in temperate lands,
    plantation farming in the tropics and dairy farming in the temperate grasslands),
    lumbering, fishing, mining (coal, petroleum and iron ore), power production (hydel and
    nuclear) and manufacturing (iron & steel, aluminium, and cotton textile); Economic
    models – landuse (Von Thunen), industry (Weber, Hoover, Pred). Economic systems and
    economic landscape – characteristics and evolution (Rostow, Myrdal, and Isard). Global
    economic blocks – patterns and functions.

    Population Geography

    Factors and measures of population growth; Malthus, Neo-Malthusianism, Optimum,
    Social and economic, Biological and natural and Demographic transition theories of
    population growth; Pattern of World population growth; Migration – nature, theories and
    consequences on society; Population distribution – density and global pattern; Global
    patterns and trends of population composition (age-sex structure and occupational
    structure).

    Social & Political Geography

    Concept of space: absolute & relative; Social structure: stratification and differentiation;
    Social Processes; segregation, adaptation, assimilation and integration; Heartland and
    Rimland theories; Principles of boundaries and frontiers

    Settlement Geography

    Origin and Growth of Settlements; Function, morphology, types and patterns of Rural
    settlements; Urban growth and urbanization; Classification, functions, and morphology of
    towns and cities; Models of urban growth – Burgess, Hoyt, Harris and Ullman, Mann.
    Urban gradients and densities; Residential areas – patterns and processes; The Central
    Business District – characteristics, delimitation and changes; The Central Place Theory
    and the Ranksize rule, The Urban field and inter-urban movement.

    Regional Development and Planning

    Regions – concepts, types and methods of regionalization; Regional diversity and
    disparities in development; Regional development – role of resource base, technology and
    information system, agriculture and industry, transport and communication, trade and
    commerce; Regional development theory – Perroux and Isard; Regional planning – basic
    principles and types; Environmental issues in regional planning and planning for
    sustainable development; Planning regions – concepts and delineation; State as a
    planning unit and micro-level planning with special reference to India.

    Paper – II :

    REGIONAL GEOGRAPHY GROUP – A: GEOGRAPHY OF INDIA

    Physical Geography

    Location and space relationship with neighboring countries; structure and Relief; Climate
    and Drainage; Soil and Natural Vegetation

    Resource Base

    Distribution, utilization and Conservation of Land (soil), Water (freshwater), Water
    Disputes interstate and neighboring countries, Mineral (iron ore, manganese, bauxite,
    mica), Energy (coal, oil, natural gas, and Non – Conventional sources like wind, tidal and
    solar power) and Biotic Resources

    Economy

    Indian agriculture – nature and characteristics; Development of Agriculture during the Plan
    periods; Green Revolution; Distribution and characteristics of cultivation of rice, wheat,
    jute cotton, tea, and coffee; Agricultural Regions, Industrial development and industrial
    policy during the Plan Period; Locational Dynamics, Growth and Development of the Iron &
    Steel, Aluminum, Engineering, Oil Refining, Cotton Textile, Jute, Sugar, Paper, cement and
    automobile industries; Growth and Development of Transport and Communication System
    (Road, Rail, Water, and Air); Nature and Development of Trade – national and foreign
    specially with the SARC and ASEAN countries; Trade Balance.

    Population

    Population as a Resource; Relation between Population and Socio-economic Development;
    Population Growth – spatial and temporal variations; Population Distribution and
    population – resource relationships; Population Composition and social implications age,
    sex, literacy, religion, and caste; Urban Growth and Urbanization – characteristics and
    patterns, factors and processes; Population Problems , Settlement and Population Policy during the Plan
    periods.

    GROUP – B: GEOGRAPHY OF WEST BENGAL

    Physical Geography

    Location with Geographical Personality; Physiographic Divisions – structure and relief;
    Climate – seasonal weather conditions; Agro-climatic regions; Drainage systems and
    problems; Soil – types and fertility, erosion and conservation; Natural Vegetation – types
    and distribution, deforestation and afforestation.

    Resource Base

    Distribution, utilization and Conservation of Land, Water, Mineral, Energy (both
    Conventional and Non – Conventional) and Biotic Resources

    Economy

    Landuse – characteristics and correlates; Irrigation and Agriculture – development during
    the Plan periods; Rice, jute, and tea – cultivation, crop ecology, production and problems;
    Crop Combination Regions; Impact of Green Revolution; Industrial Regions – growth, development and problems; Trade and Transport – nature and status of development; issues of development

    Population

    Population as a Resource; Relation between Population and Socio-economic Development;
    Growth and Distribution (absolute, and density – crude, physiological and habitational);
    Population Composition – age, sex, literacy, occupation, religion, and caste; Urban Growth and
    Urbanisation – characteristics, patterns and factors; Population Problems and Population Policy during the Plan periods

    W.B.C.S. Main Examination 2019 Optional Geography Question Paper I And II Download

    W.B.C.S. Main Optional Paper Geography Book List

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    19 Comments

    1. Bahadur Tudu says:

      Please/Kindly send on my mail id study material for optimal geography for wbcs a
      My mail id is. BAHADURTUDU.1982@GMAIL.COM

    2. Sir ami geography optional subject nite chai, ki ki book and kar lekha book nite hobe ? Note pawa jabe sir ? Plz help me

    3. VijaykumarVir says:

      Sir I have taken geography as optional subject .could you pls send material to my mail id or which books to study.vijaykumar563@gmail.com

    4. Rituparna Das says:

      Sir,optional geography ar study mat paoa jabe??for 2019 mains..

    5. Mahadev Murmu says:

      Sir, apnar institute kache geography optional jonno notes pawa jabe Ki na??
      Ami geography optional nite chayechi kintu guidance ta dorkar..

    6. Ranan says:

      sir,
      I wanna take geography as optional though my background is btech in Cse ..want to appear in 2019…is it create any hurdle for me?? how to prepare for this? plz guide me if possible

      1. admin says:

        Think once more.

    7. Swati Nandi says:

      Sir ami Geography Hons. Nia graduation cmplt kora6i. R ata amar BCS er 1st attempt tae Sir akta confusion ho66a j akhana paper 1 a syllabus er modhha practical portion Dekhlam , sir ae part gulo thaka ki student tar i66a moton part choice korta parba naki jotota akhana syllabus a a6a sobtae exam a hoba?

    8. Swati Nandi says:

      Sir ami Geography Hons. Nia graduation cmplt kora6i. R ata amar BCS er 1st attempt tae Sir akta confusion ho66a j akhana paper 1 a syllabus er modhha practical portion Dekhlam , sir ae part gulo thaka ki student tar i66a moton part choice korta parba naki jotota akhana syllabus a a6a sobtae exam a hoba?

    9. Swati Nandi says:

      Sir ami Geography Hons. Nia graduation cmplt kora6i. R ata amar BCS er 1st attempt tae Sir akta confusion ho66a j akhana paper 1 a syllabus er modhha practical portion Dekhlam , sir ae part gulo thaka ki student tar i66a moton part choice korta parba naki jotota akhana syllabus a a6a sobtae exam a hoba?

    10. Swati Nandi says:

      Sir ami Geography Hons. Nia graduation cmplt kora6i. R ata amar BCS er 1st attempt tae Sir akta confusion ho66a j akhana paper 1 a syllabus er modhha practical portion Dekhlam , sir ae part gulo thaka ki student tar i66a moton part choice korta parba naki jotota akhana syllabus a a6a sobtae exam a hoba?

    11. Mahadev Murmu says:

      Sir, for optional in geography, for group a, is there a different syllabus with respect to group b ?? actually its my 1st time, kindly provide me info regarding this.

    12. Mahadev Murmu says:

      Sir, for optional in geography, for group a, is there a different syllabus with respect to group b ?? actually its my 1st time, kindly provide me info regarding this.

    13. Dipawita paul says:

      Sir ami geogrphy hnrser studnt..ami prthmbr wbcser preparation nichchi. Amk ki amr subjct bhittite prepare hote hbe?nki all over syllbuser bhittite prepare hote hbe.. kindly tell me sir.. thank you…

    14. Dipawita paul says:

      Sir ami geogrphy hnrser studnt..ami prthmbr wbcser preparation nichchi. Amk ki amr subjct bhittite prepare hote hbe?nki all over syllbuser bhittite prepare hote hbe.. kindly tell me sir.. thank you…

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